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Hartman, Morgan and "The Belly of the World"

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Abigail Boggs

on 18 October 2018

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Transcript of Hartman, Morgan and "The Belly of the World"

Hartman, Morgan and "The Belly of the World"
SOC 212 | Day 13
Agenda
1. Back to Melamed
2. On the uses of "social reproduction theory"
Goldstein on property
3. Hartman: social reproduction and the labor of black women
sets up three "conditions with which critical ethnic studies must reckon in the present" (76)
"so-called primitive accumulation" and the continuous accumulation of wealth through the "silent compulsion of economic relations" and violence
work of ideologies of individualism, liberalism and democracy to "monopolize the terms of sociality"
new horizons of activism that "bust up old terms and geographies of solidarity," often Indigenous
"The Open Secret of Racial Capitalist Violence"
"state-finance-racial violence nexus"
"contemporary racial capitalism deploys liberal and multicultural terms of inclusion to value and devalue forms of humanity differentially to fit the needs of reigning state-capital orders" (77)
material
epistemic
Reddy
state has claim on legit violence
Harvey
"state-finance nexus"
state manages circulation of capital
"the inseperable confluence of political/economic governance with racial violence, which enables ongoing accumulation through dispossession by calling forth the specter of race (as threat) to legitimate state counterviolence in the interest of the financial asset owning class that would otherwise appear to violate social rationality" (78)
Antirelationality
Gilmore
"Racism is the state-sanctioned and/or extra legal production and exploitation of group-differentiated vulnerabilities to premature death, in distinct yet densely interconnected political geographies" (78)
Why does Melamed see capitalism as invalidating terms of relationality? What about relationality or social bonds challenges or disrupts capital accumulation (79)?
Melamed on Primitive Accumulation
"collective resistance takes the form of (re)constituting collectivities" (80)
Melamed on Goldstein and Dispossession
Kelley on Settler Colonialism
looks to "the question of social reproduction as a means of addressing the constitutive triangulation of race, capitalism, and colonialism today."
property relations
possessive capacities
colonialism
"a primary social, economic and political feature of the United States itself" (3)
Native dispossession is not one historical moment in a telelogy of capitalist development, but continues and changes over time in ways that operate in conjunction with other forms of expropriation and sujbection and the differential devaluation of racialized peoples" (3)
what is fractionation?
what is the dawes act?
Today's Authors
BA, Wesleyan ('84)
PhD, Yale ('92)
@ Columbia in English and Comp Lit
Hartman on Carby
Saidiya Hartman
Jennifer Morgan
BA, Oberlin ('86)
PhD, History @ Duke
Social and Cultural Analysis @ NYU
Morgan, "'Partus Sequitur Ventrem"
how or why does Hartman turn to a theory of social reproduction?
black radical tradition (Du Bois, James) the slave = the unfree, unwaged worker, productive labor
here, the general strike = the heroic, disruptive move
she asks, "where exactly does the sex drudge, recalcitrant domestic, broken mother, or sullen wet-nurse fit into the scheme of the general strike" (167)
On questions of accounting and inheritance...
"Even the unborn figured into the reproductive calculus of the institution" (H, 169)
how and why does Hartman push against Du Bois' conception of
The Negro American Family
?
"the problem of black women's labor made apparent the gender non-conformity of the black community" (169)
What does Morgan look to as her archive?
log books, bills, receipts, articles of sale, wills...
"a record of sorts, a reflection of the shifting terrain of racial identity in the early English colonies" (70)
focus on wills "permeated with the materiality of life and death in colonial America"
"Wills and other probate records thus trace the ways discourses of race, gender, and progeny were transforming and transformed by the quotidian realities of owning property in persons" (71)
also laws about the "progeny" of white and indigenous women
1664 Maryland: "whatsoever free-born woman shall intermarry with any slave...shall serve the Master of such slave during the life of her husband; and that all issue of such free-born women shall be slaves as their fathers were" (72)
"we-self" vs. "individuated self" (73)
Upcoming
Tuesday
immigration as a tool of social reproduction
Siobhan Somerville and Eithne Luibheid
reading responses and questions from Angie, Ariel and Noah
Thursday
turn to the 1990s and post-9/11 moments to consider the construction of internal and external enemies
4. Morgan: property, wills and the constitution of identity
Full transcript