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Ancient Egypt abc book
Transcript of Ancient Egypt abc book
Authorized by.. Emma Molony and Kenya Watson
illustrated by.. Kenya Watson and Emma Molony
B is for Beer & Wine
Beer was such an important part of their everyday life that you could even get paid in beer.Beer was consumed by ancient Egyptians from every social class, children and adults. It was also offered to the gods and placed in the tombs of dead.It was so popular to the point a hangover was seen as a legit reason to take a sick day.
C is for Cleopatra
D is for Desert
E is for Eye Of Houruos
A is for ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt ABC Book
F is for Faience
G is for Gold
H is for Hieratic
I is for Internal Spirits
K is for King Tut
L is for Layerd Coffins
M is for Mummification
N is for the Nile River
O is for the Opening Of The Mouth
P is for Pharaohs
Q is for Queen Hasheptuts Temple
R is for Royal Rest
J is for Jackel
S is for Scented Hair Cones
T is for Time Of Emergence
U Is For Uraeus
w is for Worship
X IS FOR XERCER OF
Y IS FOR YANNAN
wine on the other hand, although loved just as much. It was not as commonn as beer. Wine was reserved for more special occasions and consumed by the rich and elite. In festives, it was encouraged that they eat and drink as much as they can, till they got drunk to the point of vomiting.
They made beer out of corn, bread crumbs, barly,millet,water, guit herbs, an modern hops, and dont for get the alchohal.
Hourous was an ancient god of the sky. whose eyes were said to be the sun and the moon. However, he soon became strongly associated with the sun. While Thot was associated with the moon.an ancient myth describes a battle between Houruos right eye was torn out and set lost his testicals. This is what eye of Hourous.
Faience is the oldest known type of glazed ceramic. They put lots of different sodium in the wet paste to create the glaze.The word faience comes from the italian town Faenza which is famous for there pottery.
Hieratic is a greek word meaning 'scared' Although this form of the written language was used throughout Egyptian history. Its name comes from the later periods when it was used only in religious texts.
The Egyptian Jackal also known as the African canid that was thought to be a gray wolf. Jackals were often seen in the dessert close to the towns and villages, scavenging, whatever food could from their human neighbors. they were also found in cemeteries, and for this reason jackals became associated with the dead and anubls god of the dead.
king tut is an 18th dynasty pharaoh who inherited the throne at a young age. His reign was a short-lived and upon his death he quickly faded into the sand s of eygpt. His real name is Tutanklamum.
When he was very young he was brought up with other royal children in the womans quarters of the
palace he as taught by toturs at the palace. Instructors trained the young prine in achorey and the use of weapons. In 1335 bce his father died.In the 1333 bce He became a pharoh. He married the queen Ankhesenamun. They had two still-born children, and in 1323 bce he died.
Layerd coffins is were the Egyptians elite was buried in a coffin placed inside ensembles of up to eight coffins. This was intended to ensure the transformation of the deceased from human to deity.
The Nile river played a important role in shaping the lives and society of ancient Egyptians with food, transportation,water, building materials, and more.The Nile river is the biggest river in Africa. The Nile river is the only place the Egyptians Mediterranean sea, and the red sea were way to salty to even think about drinking out of.
Like a giant snake, the NILE SLITHERS THROUGH SOME OF THE DRIEST DESSERT land on earth to create a narrow green valley.Every spring in the snow on the mountains of east Africa melted sending a torrent of water that over floods the bank of the Nile and flooded the river valley.The rushing river picking up little bits of mud and creating slit which is used for pottery.
v is for Vegetables
Queen Hatsheptut is one of the far most noble ladies. She was the fifth pharaoh of the throne of Egypt in 1478 BC.
Hatsheput was one of the most prolific builders in ancient Egypt. Her buildings were grand and numerous. She is known for her temple. A 100 foot causeway leads to the temple and which unsists of three terraced courtyards that are covered in sculptural reliefs. Sphinxes lined the path from the Nile to the base of the temple.
Scented hair cones
were cones that sat on a man and womens head at a ceromony. in the cone would be fragrance oil that dripped down there clothes & bodys and made the rom smell like purfume. The oil that they used was the finest oil then. It was made out of finely crushed
fruit of Balanites Aegyptiaca. Behen, oil from muringa nuts, and a almond oil were also used. The oils were mixed wit organic and inorganic substance finely ground up serving as pigments.
Z if for Zagwe Empire
There were many Pharaohs that ruled in ancient Egypt and all tried to leave an internal legacy.
of the many mighty Pharaohs that ruled, only a few have actually accomplished such a goal. There are were many Pharaohs like, Akhenaten, Cleopatra, Hatsheptut, Khufu, king tut, Ramses, and Shefru.
Opening of the mouth
is were the Egyptian
who had died/past. They
had this ceremony because
they believed they could bring the dead
back. They thought after the the party
that person could walk,talk,see,breath,eat, and hear again. At the ceremony they would offer drinks and food while they partied till they had enough or the person was reincarnated.
The royal rest was a seat that the royals/pharaohs sat in. The royal rest usually came in the color red and gold. But in some occasions it could be yellow and blue. This was important to the Pharaohs because they would bring it/sit in it everywhere including ceremony's and party's.
Xerxes I, Old Persian Khshayarsha, Byname Xerxes the Great (born c. 519 BCE—died 465, Persepolis, Iran), Persian king (486–465 BCE), the son and successor of Darius I. He is best known for his massive invasion of Greece from across the Hellespont (480 BCE), a campaign marked by the battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea. His ultimate defeat spelled the beginning of the decline of the Achaemenian Empire.
vegetables were part of ancient egyptians daily diet.They used lots of different vegetables for lots of different resons like... garlic in there medicine and other types of things. Some other foods they ate was... fresh fruits and meat. Like fish and apples and banana. They also ate bread, butter,beans, and lots of different types of nuts.
Emergence was the
second season in
both ancient Egypt and Lunar's calender. It fell in the early
January and early may. It was 5 months long.
The time of Emergence is once a year after winter and before the 120 days of the season of harvest. The Nile flooded and when it floods it picks up black soil and rocks,over the land making it ideal for planting crops.
The Zagwe dynasty was a historical kingdom in present-day Ethiopia. It ruled large parts of the territory from approximately 900 to 1270, when the last Zagwe King Za-Ilmaknun was killed in battle by the forces of Yekuno Amlak. The name of the dynasty is thought to come from the Ge'ez phrase Ze-Agaw, meaning "Dynasty of the Agaw" in reference to the Agaw people that constituted its ruling class. Zagwe's best-known King was Gebre Mesqel Lalibela, who is credited with having constructed the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela.
Yannan was an Ancient china commissioner. It was also a plant that spread over the same sea's as china's. This plant lived in the eastern part of the seas in the mountain range. This plant didn't really do any thing besides sit there and look pretty.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. It is one of six civilizations globally to arise independently. Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh. The history of ancient Egypt occurred in a series of stable Kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age.
Egypt reached the pinnacle of its power during the New Kingdom, in the Ramesside period where it rivalled the Hittite Empire, Assyrian Empire and Mitanni Empire, after which it entered a period of slow decline. Egypt was invaded or conquered by a succession of foreign powers (such as the Canaanites/Hyksos, Libyans, Nubians, Assyria, Babylonia, Achaemenids and Macedon/Greece) in the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt and Late Period. In the aftermath of Alexander the Great's death, one of his generals, Ptolemy Soter, established himself as the new ruler of Egypt. This Greek Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt until 30 BC, when, under Cleopatra, it fell to the Roman Empire and became a Roman province.
Cleopatra VII ruled ancient Egypt as co-regent (first with her two younger brothers and then with her son) for almost three decades. She became the last in a dynasty of Macedonian rulers founded by Ptolemy, who served as general under Alexander the Great during his conquest of Egypt in 332 B.C. Well-educated and clever, Cleopatra could speak various languages and served as the dominant ruler in all three of her co-regencies. Her romantic liaisons and military alliances with the Roman leaders Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, as well as her supposed exotic beauty and powers of seduction, earned her an enduring place in history and popular myth.
A desert is a barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. The lack of vegetation exposes the unprotected surface of the ground to the processes of denudation. About one third of the land surface of the world is arid or semi-arid. This includes much of the polar regions where little precipitation occurs and which are sometimes called "cold deserts". Deserts can be classified by the amount of precipitation that falls, by the temperature that prevails, by the causes of desertification or by their geographical location.
Deserts are formed by weathering processes as large variations in temperature between day and night put strains on the rocks which consequently break in pieces. Although rain seldom occurs in deserts, there are occasional downpours that can result in flash floods. Rain falling on hot rocks can cause them to shatter and the resulting fragments and rubble strewn over the desert floor is further eroded by the wind. This picks up particles of sand and dust and wafts them aloft in sand or dust storms. Wind-blown sand grains striking any solid object in their path can abrade the surface. Rocks are smoothed down, and the wind sorts sand into uniform deposits. The grains end up as level sheets of sand or are piled high in billowing sand dunes. Other deserts are flat, stony plains where all the fine material has been blown away and the surface consists of a mosaic of smooth stones. These areas are known as desert pavements and little further erosion takes place. Other desert features include rock outcrops, exposed bedrock and clays once deposited by flowing water. Temporary lakes may form and salt pans may be left when waters evaporate. There may be underground sources of water in the form of springs and seepages from aquifers. Where these are found, oases can occur.
Plants and animals living in the desert need special adaptations to survive in the harsh environment. Plants tend to be tough and wiry with small or no leaves, water-resistant cuticles and often spines to deter herbivory. Some annual plants germinate, bloom and die in the course of a few weeks after rainfall while other long-lived plants survive for years and have deep root systems able to tap underground moisture. Animals need to keep cool and find enough food and water to survive. Many are nocturnal and stay in the shade or underground during the heat of the day. They tend to be efficient at conserving water, extracting most of their needs from their food and concentrating their urine. Some animals remain in a state of dormancy for long periods, ready to become active again when the rare rains fall. They then r
However this place was really hard to survive in. But the Egyptians made it work.
The earliest ancient Egyptians buried their dead in small pits in the desert. The heat and dryness of the sand dehydrated the bodies quickly, creating lifelike and natural 'mummies'.
Later, the ancient Egyptians began burying their dead in coffins to protect them from wild animals in the desert. However, they realised that bodies placed in coffins decayed when they were not exposed to the hot, dry sand of the desert.
Over many centuries, the ancient Egyptians developed a method of preserving bodies so they would remain lifelike. The process included embalming the bodies and wrapping them in strips of linen. Today we call this process mummification.
Uraeus:A symbol of kingship. A rearing cobra was worn on the king's forehead or crown. The cobra was associated with the "eye" of the sun. It was a protector of the king, spitting out fire.
The ancient Egyptians thought that it was very important to please the gods and goddesses. For that reason, worshiping the deities was a large part of life in ancient Egypt.
Some gods and goddesses were worshiped by the pharaoh and priests in large temples. These were the 'official' gods and goddesses of the state, like Amun, Horus and Bastet.
Tawaret Other gods and goddesses were worshipped by ordinary people in their homes. These were the gods and goddesses like Bes and Tawaret who protected people from the dangers of daily life, like scorpion bites, crocodile attacks and childbirth.
For nearly 3,000 years, ancient Egypt prospered as one the most progressive civilizations, characterized by advanced architecture, art and philosophy. Although ancient Egypt's innovations set it apart from other bygone cultures, it shares at least one thing in common: Ancient Egyptians were fascinated by gold. In fact, Egypt's association with gold reaches back more than 5,500 years, which makes the culture largely responsible for humans' obsession with this precious metal.
The hope of every
Egyptian was internal spirits.So they mummified the body.The body would be placed in a tomb, decorated with prayers and images to the guide the decreased on the difficult path ahead. If all went well, the decreased would become a spirit in the green fields of eternity.