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Copy of Copy of Surat Al-Hujurat
Transcript of Copy of Copy of Surat Al-Hujurat
Facts about the surah
Revealed in Medina
It has 18 ayahs
The goal of this Surah is to elucidate upon a series of life-giving commandments of Akhlaq (Ethics and Morality) and social interaction which (if put into practice), would lead an ideal civilization. These in turn could create and cultivate a pure society that is far removed from all sorts of blameworthy moral traits.
Translation of Ayahs 1-5
4. Undoubtedly, those who call you from behind your private apartments, most of them have no sense
Commandments given in the Surah
6. It is incumbent upon every Muslim that he strives for peace, and to attain this goal he must stand up against the oppressors so that he would be able to uphold the truth and maintain the rights of the oppressed.
Ayahs 1 to 5
1. O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allah and His Messenger (), and fear Allah. Verily! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
2. 'O believers! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Communicator of unseen (the Prophet) and speak not aloud in presence of him as you shout to one another, lest your works become vain while you are unaware.
3. Undoubtedly, those who lower down their voices in the presence of the messenger of Allah those are they whose hearts Allah has tested for piety. For them is forgiveness and great reward.
1. This Surah begins its first commandment by bringing up a point in regards to having discipline and order, while in the presence of Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) and the Messenger (blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny). The meaning of this discipline and order is that the Muslims must learn the commandments and legislations (of the religion) from Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) and must not let their own inner desires and whims lead them to formulating laws and regulations.
2. The people who have true faith are instructed and commanded how they should speak to their leaders.
3. The people who have true faith are also commanded that when they are given news or testimony about another person from one who commits sins in the open, is known for his wicked ways or is not scared of his transgressions (against the laws of Allah, Glorified and Exalted is He), that they must not accept such a testimony from him and must stay away from all forms of rumours and gossip.
4. The general thoughts and opinions of the people have absolutely no value when compared to the orders and directives of the infallible Prophet (blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny).
5. Each and every person possesses an ethical conscience.
7. All Muslims are brothers (and sisters) of and equal to one another and it is incumbent that they all endeavour to ensure that peace and happiness are established amongst themselves.
8. A Muslim does not have the right to make fun of another Muslim.
9. It is forbidden to find or pick faults in other people according to the teachings of Islam.
10. A true believer does not have the right to call his brother in faith by a nickname or bad name.
11. It is forbidden (haram) to think bad thoughts about a believing brother (or sister).
12. It is expressly forbidden to spy on or pry into the secrets and private life and affairs of other people.
13. It is a major sin to speak bad things behind the back of another Muslim.
14. In this Surah, the issue of racial superiority has also been brought to an end and the only criteria for judging who is better (than another person) is one’s merit, piety and abstinence from those things which Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) has forbidden and by keeping away from all sins.
5. And if they had patience, until you yourself come out to them that had been better for them. And Allah is Oft- Forgiving, Merciful.
- Are you free to say whatever you want to say, hear whatever you want to hear, or do whatever you wish to do in relation to other people? (Group B)
- Do you shout at each other? Do you shout at your parents, grandparents, aunts or uncles? Do you speak in a tone, which is disrespectful? How do you speak when you talk to your brothers and sisters? (Group C)
- Describe your own living space and whether or not it reflects an Islamic atmosphere. How can you create that? Is it quiet, clean and tidy? (Group D)
- Do you know how to live? if yes then please explain how? If not, then explain why is it important for us to learn how to live? (Group A)
Discuss in your groups the following questions?
Pure and uncontaminated society in which not only the tongue and ears of the individuals, rather even their thoughts and reflections are not given complete free reign.
What can we do to accomplish the following
Explore Examples in history of those who have taken precedence over Allah and His Prophet.
A Synopsis of Surah Hujurat
Personality of the Last Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W)
The axis of society, which is the center of gravity for its preservation, must be respected more than anything because the preservation of this personality will be the basis of the survival and supremacy of that society. What personality can ever be higher and which axis weightier than the last Prophet, Muhammad, and which society can ever be more stable and higher than the Muslim society?
Besides, it is an essential condition of Faith in God and knowing of His Messenger that due respect and honor should always be given to His Messenger.
It is here that, in the first part of this holy Surah, Almighty God, addressing the Faithful, commands that it is absolutely necessary for Muslims to restrain themselves from going ahead of God and His Messenger. He asks them to control themselves from raising their voice above the voice of the Holy Prophet and from calling him as they call one another. Rather, they must observe courtesy; that they should wait till the Holy Prophet comes out of his house and that only thereafter, should they submit their need to him. They should never call him as they call others.
Regret in Believing the word of a Transgressor
The basis of many quarrels and vengeance is the acceptance of the false talks of mischievous people who, because of their selfishness, make two or more people one another’s deadly enemies and some also consider this evil deed enjoyable. Simple-minded people too, without making inquiries, following their sentiments possibly accept their word. This results in disputes, quarrels and even massacres and the enmity lasts for a very long time. Though, sometimes the flames come down but after some time they again rise up as we can see in history on several occasions. What should be done, however, is that we must follow the guidance of the Holy Qur’an and must not accept the word of an impious person and should prevent the said bloodshed and restlessness.
Some others either because of sentiments or personal interests try to drag others also by instigating them for fanning the fire of differences and disputes.
In the second part of this holy Surah, a guidance has been given that your duty, O Muslims! Is obedience of orders, not issuing orders! In brief, if you choose obedience to God and His Messenger it would be better both for your worldly life and your eternal life in the Hereafter.
Reconciliation between Muslims
The law of Islam considers its followers brothers of one another and says that all are like the leaves of a single tree and limbs of a single body. If one person is in trouble, others cannot remain unconcerned. Therefore, if there occurs any ill will or trouble between two or more persons; the duty of all others is well wishing, admonition and good advice; and finally, if because for any reason, it is not remedied, then, as an inevitable measure, for preventing furtherance of final trouble, force should be applied against one who is lying, and before things get worsened, stamp out the mischief and end the trouble. Of course justice, piety, divine aspect and spiritualism should be kept in mind, both in war and peace. These are the itineraries contained in the third part of this holy Surah.
Find and remove the roots of Differences
For preserving amity in Muslim society, it is necessary that, first, the elements or factors of disintegration should be found and then they should be removed. The main factors that tear the hearts apart are having bad opinion or misunderstanding about one another and thereafter, in following and spying one another and then making a mockery of one another and calling by insulting titles to tease one another and even back biting one another and showing oneself higher than the other by way of ego and pride. If these evils are found out and eliminated there will be no more quarrels between Muslims and the tree of Islam will bear desired fruits, happiness for all.
In order to stop such things, the Holy Qur’an admonishes us all that one must never make a mockery of others because; it is quite possible that the one whom you are mocking may be better than you. So do not call one another names. The Holy Qur’an regards spying on others and forming bad opinion about others a sin. It equates backbiting with eating carrion.
From preventing one from pride and ego, the Holy Qur’an says that the origin of creation of all is one and the same. They are all born of a father and a mother, and there is no distinction for one over another from this aspect. It says that all natural differences (like color, languages etc) are for recognition, not for self-glorification.
Such noteworthy subjects form the fourth part of this holy Surah.
Apparent Islam and inward faith
The reality of Islam and Faith has become confusing for a number of people. The fact is that there is a lot of difference between Islam and Faith. The holy religion of Islam, due to expedience, has based its itineraries and planning on cleanliness, matrimony, inheritance etc on verbal utterance with regard to Oneness of God and the Prophethood of the last Prophet, Muhammad. But what is Faith?
It is to cling to this belief and also to believe that one is bound to obey the Commands of God and orders of the Holy Prophet. At several places in the Holy Qur’an, love of God and His fear and hope from and trust in Him has been considered the essentials of Faith. In this holy Surah also, a clear distinction between Islam and Faith has been shown. It says that Faithful are those who are fully devoted to God and His Messenger, that is, they are solely connected with Allah and His Prophet and who are not inclined towards this material world.
As a result, they have no kind of doubt or hesitation and so they offer sacrifices with their lives and their wealth in the path of Allah and in struggle in His cause. This is because they have found out the highest of aims and the best of ideologies. They know that everything is transient and perishable except Only One God. So they sacrifice the transient for the eternal.
Admonition regarding these matters forms the subject matter of the fifth part of this holy Surah.
Faith is Allah's Bounty
Some unwise people during the initial days of Islam and also in other periods thought that they have earned some rights by adopting Islam. They thought that they have accomplished something extraordinary. So they used to show to the Holy Prophet that they had done a favor to him by becoming Muslims. The Holy Qur’an wants to make them understand that verbal Islam has no spiritual value; that the real value is for the Faith in heart which becomes manifest through words and deeds. It keeps one away from sin and spurs towards every good; that this also is a grant from the Lord Who adds good to everyone who has inclined to it. In fact, by this kindness, God has favored the faithful. God knows who is worthy of such a bounty.
This matter also forms the subject of the sixth and the last part of this holy Surah.
Thus, this chapter shows the path of the good in this world and in the Hereafter to Muslim as well as the Muslim society. We explain here under six titles.
Ethics & Morality
Purification of the soul and spirit of all humanity
Peaceful environment full of consideration (for others) and contentment for all – far removed from all sorts of wicked and evil ethical traits.
Manners one should observe with regard to Allah and His Messenger.
Consulting with Qur'an and the Sunnah before taking decisions or forming opinions
Proper Etiquettes of visiting Elders
Muslims should not speak loudly, especially with their elders
Refer to pg no F4 & F5
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika: 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair said that a group of riders belonging to Banu Tamim came to the Prophet, Abu Bakr said (to the Prophet), "Appoint Al-Qa'qa bin Mabad bin Zurara as (their) ruler." 'Umar said (to the Prophet). "No! But appoint Al-Aqra bin Habis." Thereupon Abu Bakr said (to 'Umar). "You just wanted to oppose me." 'Umar replied. "I did not want to oppose you." So both of them argued so much that their voices became louder, and then the following Divine Verses were revealed in that connection: "O you who believe! Do not be forward in the presence of Allah and His Messenger..." (till the end of Verse)...(49:1
Asbab un Nazool
This verse also means you should surrender to Allah and His Rasool (SAWS) and show them respect.
It also means whenever you do not have Islamic knowledge you should go seek it from those firmly grounded in knowledge and don’t say I think or I assume this might be the answer.
When Abu Bakr and Umar (r.a) had an argument, their voices were raised in the presence of the Prophet (S.A.W)
Whenever you are in the presence of a person of authority, you are not to raise your voice in their presence, so it does not stop at Allah and His Rasool.
It covers the Muslim leaders and the evidence for this is surah An Nisa verse 59
O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.
Asbab un Nazool
The raising of voices is not permissible in Islam unless there is a need for it, because raising your voice means you are ill mannered.
So only raise your voice when there is a need for it
For example at the battle of khaybar, Talha raised his voice telling the people the Rasul has made muta and donkey meat haraam.
Luqman the wise advised his son to lower his voice.
Only the ignoramus will raise their voices and it is worse when it’s done by a woman.
A woman is not to raise her voice in public, and women who do are not marriage material.
Talking about raising ones voice over the Rasul of Allah (SAW).
You should treat him as alive in regards to respect and should not call him by his name but by his title.
Even Allah (SWT) never addressed him by his name but by his title only.
If the Rasul (SAWS) had made something haram and you made it halal, then you are guilty of raising your voice above the voice of the Prophet.
For example gold and silk is haram for men and so if you make them halal then you are guilty of raising your voice above the Prophet’s and therefore you have nullified all your pious deeds.
You pious deeds like your shahadah can be nullified.
After the revelation of this ayah Abu Bakr and Omar Ibn ul Khataab took swear by Allah that they will only talk to Prophet like someone was telling him a secret until they die. ( Thabit bin Qais)
Asbab un Nazool
When the delegation from the tribe of Bani Tameem came to Madinah, the Messenger of Allah was resting in one of the houses of his wives. Al Aqra'a bin Ha'bis yelled over the wall, "O Muhammad, come out to us." This incident was the reason behind the revelation of this Ayah.
According to Islamic adab you need to knock at the front door three times and leave after that if there is no one opening the door, but these Bedouins went to the back door and started screaming, "Muhammad come out” because they were not sure which room he was in
These Bedouins were uncouth.
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: While I was present in one of the gatherings of the Ansar, Abu Musa came as if he was scared, and said, "I asked permission to enter upon 'Umar three times, but I was not given the permission, so I returned." (When 'Umar came to know about it) he said to Abu Musa, "Why did you not enter?'. Abu Musa replied, "I asked permission three times, and I was not given it, so I returned, for Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you asks the permission to enter thrice, and the permission is not given, then he should return.'"
'Umar said, "By Allah! We will ask Abu Musa to bring witnesses for it." (Abu Musa went to a gathering of the Ansar and said). "Did anyone of you hear this from the Prophet?" Ubai bin Ka'b said, "By Allah, none will go with you but the youngest of the people (as a witness)." (Abu Sa'id) was the youngest of them, so I went with Abu Musa and informed 'Umar that the Prophet had said so.
[Al-Bukhari (6245) and Muslim (2153)]
If they had begged the Rasul in a civilised manner, then he would have released all the captives for free, but because of their behaviour he released half of them for free and asked for money to release the other half.
1. The Prohibition of making a Decision in advance of Allah and His Messenger;
ordering respect towards the Prophet
2. Admonishing Those Who call the Prophet from behind Dwellings
3. Investigating the Reliability of the News conveyed by Wicked People
4. The Prophet's Decision is Better
5. Making Peace between Disputing Muslims
6. The Prohibition of mocking and ridiculing One Another
7. The Prohibition of Unfounded Suspicion
8. Accepted Repentance from Backbiting and Slander
9. All of Mankind are the Children of `Adam and Hawwa'
10.Honor is earned through Taqwa of Allah
11. There is a Difference between a Believer and a Muslim
Main Lessons of Suarah Al Hujurat