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Copy of Engineer's Guide to Architectural Design Coordination

To help understand the development of a engineered building design from concept through to construction.

David Parmiter

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Engineer's Guide to Architectural Design Coordination

UTILITY REQUIREMENTS Coordinate architectural revisions DESIGN DEVELOPMENT Engineer's Guide to Successful Architectural Design
Coordination Construction Documents Addendums Schematic Design KNOW YOUR CONTRACT Bidding Phase Construction Shop Drawings Post Construction Client Interview WHAT SHOULD I KNOW? WHO SHOULD WE BE TALKING TO? WHAT IS IN THIS PROJECT? OWNER CONCERNS ANALYSIS OF SYSTEMS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT What is important to the Architect? SCHEMATIC DESIGN UNDERSTAND SCOPE OF PROJECT ENGINEERING ANALYSIS LEARN OWNER'S CONCERNS UTILITY REQUIREMENTS CODES Site Walk-throughs Is my client an Architect, Developer, Building owner or Contractor? Public, private, or government bid Negotiated contract? How many submissions will there be? Full specs, stick-on, or design build? Does project need to fit a budget? PM to Establish project team communication protocol Project journal lists all contacts Investigative report? Cost estimates? Prime or separate contracts? Pre-purchased equipment? Shell & Core? Tenant fitout? Demolition or renovation? Other consultants? Kitchen, lighting, acoustical, landscape, etc. Phasing? Will areas remain occupied? Project cost LISTEN TO FACILITY ENGINEER! Maintenance problems Safety issues Operating costs & inefficiencies Low initial cost vs. high efficiency Life cycle cost & ROI Tax incentives or rebate Environmental considerations Constructibility? DOCUMENT ALL DECISIONS! Review agency approvals Review Life Safety Plan Share equipment cuts Review vender equipment Final trade coordination Quality Assurance check Value Engineering In house review Relationships RFIs Descope meetings Field reports Punchlists Close out Dual fuel Oil storage issues Initiate utility contacts Emergency power needs Visual Spatial Audible Exposure to elements WHERE DO WE START? Select an HVAC system Mechanical/Electrical space needs Develop electrical distribution concept Shafts, chases and stacks Fire protection needs WHAT CIVIL COORDINATION
SHOULD I DO? Site utility plan Water pressure/flow tests sewer inverts Electrical service connection Irrigation requirements Fire services I DON'T HAVE ANY STRUCTURAL
DRAWINGS! Understand type of structure Work with column lines Locate penthouses & cooling towers Discuss floor-to-floor heights & beam depth Get architectural concept plans Each other! Highrise? Anything you can see: Rooftop equipment, louvers, exhaust stacks, etc. Anything you can hear: Chillers, cooling towers, transformers, air handlers, etc. Anything you can smell: Laundry exhaust, oil, sanitary vents, boiler exhaust Anything you can feel: Cold drafts, vibration, air motion WHAT DO WE DO NOW? Establish envelope energy performance requirements Confirm ceiling plenum use and size Identify areas that need heat If highrise, locate stair pressurization and smoke control equipment Locate rooftop equipment and access means Guesstimate sizes of all penetrations through floors, roof, etc. Locate equipment on grade Exterior: site lighting, parking, irrigation, etc. Establish M/E room sizes/egress Estimate block heating/cooling loads special space needs: humidity control, 24/7 operation, filtration, hazardous exhaust, UPS MOVING ON TO CDs... Architectural coordination checklist Get reflected ceiling plans Check structural clearances coordinate casework locate unit heaters coordinate wall mounted devices Review all vender equipment Finalize light fixture schedules Review life safety with Architect Elevators Exiting ADA requirements Fire & smoke partitions BURNING ISSUES! Are we over budget? Errors or omissions? Change orders LIMIT DOCUMENTATION OK, SO WHAT SHOULD
WE DOCUMENT? Coordinate equipment space needs Equipment rooms Major equipment Establish applicable codes & standards RFIs & CORs MECHANICAL FIRE PROTECTION ELECTRICAL DESIGN DEVELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS CONSTRUCTION CLOSE OUT STEPS OF THE PROCESS Major equipment cuts to Architect & Structural Engineer Identify number of heating/cooling zones Riser diagrams with major sizes Duct runs to rooms Major pipe runs BOD: scope of controls Single line diagrams Major equipment sizes Panel locations & preliminary schedules Scope of lighting Scope of low voltage systems PLUMBING Coordinate Hot water heating equipment Locate/size incoming service Schedule equipment & fixtures Sanitary system mains, pumps Route storm water Locate FDC and test header Zones and levels of protection Coordinate location of mains (>4") Locate standpipes and fire pump DEVELOP BASIS OF DESIGN Concepts & Scope MECHANICAL ELECTRICAL PLUMBING FIRE PROTECTION Estimate capacities of systems Locate major equipment Show major duct runs Identify shaft requirements Describe special equipment Show basic single line diagram Show typical area lighting intent BOD: describe low voltage systems Block illustration of electrical room Emergency power scope FAS scope Estimate size of equipment Establish Water service size & location Estimate sanitary main size & route Define scope of Storm water system Establish domestic hot water system Identify hazard classifications Request flow tests Show standpipes locate & size incoming service BOD: special areas or system requirements Review schematic submission comments Coordinate civil requirements Coordinate structural concept Review architectural programming Coordinate MEP system routing Address special system requirements Identify alternates Establish equipment quality level Establish envelope energy performance Hazardous Stormwater Coordinate ceiling plenums & clearances Everything of significant cost System diagrams Basis of Design (BOD) Determine seismic category Utility commitment letters District steam Gas pressure available Define equipment in scope: Fire pump? 1/4" scale drawings of mech rooms 1/4" scale equipment rooms Schedules: Info for pricing MECHANICAL ELECTRICAL PLUMBING FIRE PROTECTION What is important to client? Respond! Acknowledge all inquiries Quick attention to shop drawings requiring coordination with other trades Communicate deviations from design Reflected ceiling plan coordination Assist owner in decision making Pick up the phone! Scope of demolition Review Architectural elevations, sections, ceiling plans, etc. Check ceiling heights Check for structural conflicts Apply acoustical consultant comments Fixture cuts to Architect Coordinate riser locations with floor plans Check wall thickness for hangers Show all water connections Check plans for closets, etc. Check for RCP coordination Final structural coordination Coordinate lighting with RCP Lighting circuiting & switching outdoor lighting/signage Casework receptacles furniture plan coordination Exit sign/egress path FAS devices Show phasing of work on plans & diagrams Review building elevation and size of rooftop equipment/visual screens Check louvers on Arch drawings Coordinate ADA items Check roof drain locations Coordinate underground with footings (when available) BOD: HVAC system type BOD: Establish equipment in project Show locations of equipment Establish level of performance Coordinate head locations with RCP Convey design intent Coordinate wall thickness Develop riser diagrams Final trade coordination Coordinate FAS command center Wetlands?
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