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Civil Rights Movement Timeline
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement Timeline
Four African American college students hold a sit-in to integrate a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., launching a wave of similar protests across the South. 1961 -
The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) begins to organize Freedom Rides throughout the South to try to de-segregate interstate public bus travel. 1963 - More than 200,000 people march on Washington, D.C., in the largest civil rights demonstration ever; Martin Luther King, Jr., gives his "I Have a Dream" speech.
1963 - Four African American girls are killed in the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. 1963 - Martin Luther King, Jr., writes his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail," his famous statement about the civil rights movement. 1964 - President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act, which gives the federal government far-reaching powers to prosecute discrimination in employment, voting, and education. 1964 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 1965 - One year after splitting from the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X is assassinated in New York by gunmen affiliated with the NOI. 1965 - King organizes a protest march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, for African American voting rights. A shocked nation watches on television as police club and teargas protesters. 1965 - In the wake of the Selma-Montgomery March, the Voting Rights Act is passed, outlawing the practices used in the South to disenfranchise African American voters 1965 - Race riots break out in the Watts area of Los Angeles, leaving 34 dead and roughly a thousand hurt. 1966 - Stokely Carmichael, chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, calls for "black power" in a speech, ushering in a more militant civil rights stance. 1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. His murder sparks a week of rioting across the country. 1962 - African American radical Malcolm X becomes national minister of the Nation of Islam. He rejects the nonviolent civil-rights movement and integration, and becomes a champion of African American separatism and black pride. At one point he states that equal rights should be secured "by any means necessary," a position he later revises.