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Respiratory System

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Kyle Smith

on 18 May 2010

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Transcript of Respiratory System

Respiratory System Main Organs Lungs Interaction Careers Disorders
the respiratory system provides oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide Homeostasis Diseases Pharynx Larynx Diaphragm Alveoli Capillaries Trachea Bronchi a tiny air sac in the lungs used to exchange Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Main organ of the respiratory system that is used to exchange Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide. Smallest Blood Vessels that are used to deliver nutrients, oxygen, and regulatory chemicals to body cells This organ aids in breathing by expanding outward to let air in and moving inward to let air out. b.k.a the voice box - contains vocal cords that control air to allow sound to pass through. A Passage connecting the nasal and oral cavities with the esophagus and Larynx. b.k.a the windpipe - carries air from the back of the mouth to the bronchi of the lungs. Epiglottis allows air to pass in and out of the larynx during breathing and also blocks food from "going down the wrong pipe" Leads the air into the lungs. Breaks off into smaller branches called bronchial tubes and still smaller tubes called bronchioles.
Nerveous System
the breathing rate needs to be changed when there is too high concentration of carbon dioxide.
Cisculatory System
oxygen is necessary for the entire body so it is transported throughout the body by red blood cells
Muscular System
the diaphragm contracts when we inhale and it then relaxes when we exhale
Respiratory Therapy
Diagnose/treat/care for cardiopulmonary diseases
avg. salary between $44,490 and $61,720
Requires 2 years of training - Associate's Degree Good Posture and Proper Diaphragmatic breathing Aerobic Activity helps strengthen the lungs and breathing exercses help increase lung capacity. Asthma - a respiratory disease that causes difficulty in breathing. Triggered by airway irritability, airway obstruction and inflammation of the lungs. Pneumonia- a lung infection caused by inflammation of the lungs or by breathing in chemicals. Symptoms include fevers, coughing, and difficulty breathing
Vitamin C helps fortify the immune system and in return helps to prevent infecton of the lungs or any other respiratory organs
Breathe through the nose to filter and moisten inhaled air. How to take care Interesting Facts We breathe 13 pints of air each day We lose more than half a liter of water through respiration. Yawning brings in more oxygen than regular breathing People under the age of 30 breathe in twice as much air as people under the age of 80. Yoga instructors work on the muscular and respiratory systems.
Can start yoga instruction upon recommendation by yoga teacher. instruction can be from a few days to 2 years.
Average Salary - between $19,610 and $44,420.
Sleep Apnea
A disorder that pauses breathing while sleeping. Usually observed in obese patients.
Beathing disorder caused by the narrowing of the bronchi. Usually triggered by allergens like pollens.
disorder characterized by a collapse of the lung due to the rupture of the membrane covering the lung and the subsequent escape of air into the space between the lung and the chest wall. The primary function of the respiratory system is to supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body. The respiratory system does this through breathing. When we breathe, we inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. This exchange of gases is the respiratory system's means of getting oxygen to the blood, and excreting carbon dioxide as waste. Pulmonologist
physician who possesses specialized knowledge in the diagnosis of pulmonary conditions and diseases
slaraies rabge from $200,000-$250,000 per year
14 years of education is needed
Homeostasis is reached by gas exchange. Air enters through either the mouth or nose and then travles down the pharynx. Then it enters the larynx (which is the voice box) which leads into the trachea. Once the air passes through the trachea it goes into the lungs and into the bronchi which brake off into the bronchioles. Inside bronchioles there are thousands of tiny gas chambers called alveoli. in between all the alveoli you find all the capillaries. Alveoli and capillaries actually share cell membranes, thats how gas ecxhange is able to occur. Red blood cells enter the capillaries an oxygen molecuoles then attach to them, then they return to their normal journey throughout the body. At the same time the oxygen molecuoles attach to the red blood cells, carbon dioxided is excreted as waste. Then the carbon dioxide leaves the body the same way air made its way in.
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