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Inuit of the Arctic Low Lands

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sierra vaillancourt

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of Inuit of the Arctic Low Lands

gftfft Did they live in one spot or move around? The inuit moved around in the summer for hunting and fishing. Thats why they lived in tents in the summer (easy to pack up and move around. ) Sources Biblographies INUIT OF THE ARCTIC LOW LANDS By Sierra Vaillancourt and Alexis Novak THE CLIMATE The climate in the arctic low lands is quite shocking! It is the region that gets the least snow. The ground is frozen all year round. The temperature can go to a high of 15 degrees in the summer months or to a freezing temperature of -45 degrees in the winter months. Very little precipitation. The summers are very short but sunny. In the summer months rain is very uncommon as the lowlands have very little precipitation. The summer may be brief but the temperature can reach over 10 degrees. Summer climate The winter months are very long. It is a very dry cold and windy climate. It snows but not that much. The temperature can reach over -40 degrees. In the winters the sun never reaches over the horizon. WINTER CLIMATE This variety of different climates cause the inuits to move around. In the long winter months the inuits stay in igloos. ( Spiral shaped domes made up of snow/ice blocks.) While in the summer they pack up their stuff and move to a new location with a tent. Usually made up of driftwood and caribou hide. The tents weren't as warm as igloos. How does the climate affect the shelter of the inuit? COOL FACT! Now a days inuit live in houses just like ours. Their houses have running water and bathrooms. HOW DOES THIS CLIMATE AFFECT THE WAY THEY DRESS? With the freezing temperatures the inuit get in the winter it causes them to wear a double layer winter suite made out of caribou hide. In the summer it is warmer so they wear a single layered suite. baby green = Arctic Low Lands CLIMATE GRAPH (CLIMATE PATTERNS ) (CLIMATE PATTERNS) Landforms The Inuit of the arctic lived in northern canada, alaska, greenland, and siberia. The environment they lived in was very diverse. They were surrounded by mountains, oceans, and artic plains. The Inuit lived in ice and snow for most of the year. Economics The Inuit people were maily hunters, since the permafrost prevents the ability for vegitation. Summer Winter In the summer, they would fish for seal and walrus. They would also hunt for caribou, as they are very resourceful. In the winter they would go ice fishing for seal. They still hunted caribou, but it was harder in the winter months. The Inuit would sell seal for meat and skin, and walrus tusks for tools. Artwork: Carvings were made of stone, ivory, and bone. They were usually of arctic animals, people, or spirits. Carvings Artwork: Masks The masks were made from driftwood or whalebones. These masks were used in ceremonial dances. Some masks represent encounters with the spirit world. Others were made to show what spiritual leaders saw while in a trance. Inukshuks were large rock statues made from balanced rocks. Inukshuks Legends The Inuit believed that when a person died, that their spirit continues in another world. They also thought that if there was bad weather, sickness, or a bad hunt meant that you had displeased the spirits. Legends: The sea goddess The Inuit people believed in a sea goddess named Sedna. They believed that she lived at the bottom of the ocean, controlling all sea life. The belief was that if the Inuit were happy she would keep supplying them with food. But if there was problems within the community, that the food would lessen. Social Life Winter In the winter they would live in hunts together, and hunt in groups. There were usually 6-10 families living in one hut. Summer In the summer the families would split up and follow thier own hunt. Many families werent accutally relatives, they just called each other family. Social Life Marriage To the Inuit people marraige and family were the most important aspects to life. Some marraiges were arranged but most were by choice. Inuit families consisted of 5-6 people. Roles Men Women The men built houses, hunted, and fished. The women did house work, took care of the children, and dressed the animal skins Political Life The Inuit didnt have leaders or chiefs. They liked the sence of community. Since they didnt have a chief, it was agreed that any and all wealth would be shared. Game and fish were seen as community property, so they were shared throughout the people. Joan Goldi "Canada's First Peoples." Canadian Heritage. (online). 2007. (http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_inuit.html). Cranny, Micheal. Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 1998. Spirits ENVIORNMENT AND HABITAT The traditional home lands of the arctic lowlands are Nunavut, Northwest territories, and greenland. Where do they live in North Amerca? What type of climate do they live in? The Inuit live in a very dry and cold climate in the winter, while in the summer it is quite tepid and sunny. The landscape is very rocky and barren. It is full of lakes and rivers. There are quite a few large hills, glaciers, ice, and snow. What type of landscape is it? What were their homes and Shelters like? In the winter they lived in spiral shaped dome like structures called igloos. Igloos are made up of ice and snow blocks that are stacked on eachother. In the summer they lived in tent like structures made up of a drift wood or bone frame with animal skin for the covering. what types of resources did they depend on? They depended oncaribou, seal, musk oxen,wolves, arctic foxes,and hares, walrus and whales for blubber, tusks, bones, hide,and meat. relied on them for blankets, clothing, and housing. Spiritual life/ Religion Whatimportant beliefs did/do they have? The inuit believe that ilness and misbehavior is caused from bad behavior. The bad weather, ilness, and a bad hunt was blamed on displeased spirits. They beived in animalism. When a spirit died they belived you would continue iving in the "spirit world". They believed that the Shamans were the only people who had power of the spirits. Shamans wore animal masks while preforming rituals. The masks were believed to have powers to communicate with spirits. They had ceremonies such as gatherings in an igloo where there was dancing to celebrate a good hunt (bladder hunt). Food The inuit didn't count on plants and such for food as very little grew there. They ate almost meet. In the winter they hunted seals, walruses, beluga whales, narwhals, foxes, hares, and arctic birds. in the summer they went fishing and hunted caribou. They would dry the meat or eat it raw. It was rare to cook the meat because of very little fuel. Clothing Made out of animal skin and furs. Winter clothes woud have numerous layers. Summer clothes would have a single layer Both men and woman wore very similar clothing. In the winter they would wear two layers with fur facing the skin and the outer layer fur facing outward. Their outfits included mittens made out of either caribou or seal, parkas with hoods made from caribou or har skin sometimes had feathers on it ( woman carried babies in their hood), Layered boots ( fur slipper, sealskin, an boot stocking), layered trousers, and goggles. Kids would wear a combination suite. (boots, mits, top, and hood) Vegetation/ Soils In the arctic lowlands the inuit could never rely on plants because of the climate. The soil was very thin and the ground was frozen all year round. The first meter would unthaw but for a very short time. Because of this the only plant life that can grow are shrubs, flowers, arctic poppies, sedges, mosses,lichens, and small flowering plants. THE END :) BIBLIOGRAPHY Joan Goldi "Canada's First Peoples." Canadian Heritage. (online). 2007. http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_inuit.html 36 Western Arctic Lowlands "Parks Canada." (Online) 2009-04-15.
www.pc.gc.ca/docs/v-g/nation/sec6.aspx TECHNOLOGY The Inuit put spikes and crampons on their boots, to help walking on the rough ice. They made dog sleds out of walrus bones. They used kayaks and umiaks
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