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CIHEAM - Organic sector in Croatia

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Transcript of CIHEAM - Organic sector in Croatia

ORGANIC SECTOR IN CROATIA
BY
Few words about me...
KEY DATA
CONTEXT
STATISTICS
In the year 2015 in comparison to 2014, the area under the organic production has grown by 56%.
CONTENTS:
Day 1: KEY DATA
ON CROATIAN ORGANIC SECTOR
DAY 2:
ORGANIC ACTION PLAN

A
B
C
Support schemes
for organic
agriculture in
Croatia

Day 2 -Programs PCM and Croatian Organic
Action Plan 2010-2016

step 3
info here
info here
info here
here
DAY 1: SUPPORT MEASURES OF ORGANIC FARMING
WS: WORLD CAFFE
6. Support to the work of associations for organic agriculture – national budget insured only 50.000 HRK annually. Some regions (e.g. Split Dalmatia, 40.000 HRK a year) allocated funding within regional budgets, but the funding was inadequate. Measure 3.2. in Rural development programme might tackle this issue, but only for three bigger associations, with more than 50 members.
Salaries issue
Information and promotion campaign on the advantages of organic agriculture – Ministry of agriculture conducted the campaign, but it
has not been recognised well enough in general public
. There is still lack of knowledge on benefits of organic food purchase among the consumers.
Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari
Master program “Mediterranean Organic Agriculture”
February 7th-9th 2017

Jelena Petrov, mag.oec.
WHY DID I FOCUS ON ORGANIC
SECTOR DEVELOPMENT?
A CHILD :) NURSERY FOOD
COAST PROJECT
TRITORIAL PROFILE OF SDC
DEPOPULATION
LITORISATION
YOUNG PEOPLE
SMALL PARCELS 0.67Ha
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES


Background in economics
Post-graduate European integration (in progress)
Royal Danish Embassy, SG Splitska bank, UNDP COAST
Development agency of SD County
Key expert for PCM training
Concil Member representing Croatia in IFOAM EU
IFOAM Leadership course Europe 2015/2016, close collaboration with IFOAM OI
Trainer at IFOAM OLC - project managment topics
Key expertise - project developement in food and food proccessing industry (CEKOM 3LJ, PUC 3LJ)
Focus on RDP and grants for young organic farmers
Other activities: ICZM planing, integral approch to cultural heritage and tourism, new mayor project AGER (1376 Ha UNESCO OUV on land devision)

MEASURES
IMPLEMENTATION
WS: FISHBOWL
DAY 3:
FARMERS ASSOTIATIONS IN CROATIA
DAY 3:
Organic extension service in Croatia
WS: OPEN SPACE
favourable agro-climatic conditions which enable diverse agricultural production
mainly of small family farms which mostly produce for their own needs
smallest average agricultural farm size in the European Union, 5.6 Ha
Croatian main resource is the agro-ecological diversity and clean nature (difference islands and main land)
development of organic agricultural production presents an important opportunity for the export of Croatian products
OB COUNTY - % of hummus
Ager - 1376 Ha, 70% not used, UNECSO OUV - land division
Organic land in the period 2006 – 2016 (Ha), (Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Croatia, 2016)
Number of organic producers in Croatia 2006 – 2015 (Ha), (Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Croatia, 2016)
Share of organic production in Croatia 2003 – 2014 (Ha), (Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Croatia, 2016)
Structure of Croatian organic crop production in Croatia in 2015 (Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Croatia, 2016)
worrying fact - structure
grassland
area has grown by 68%,
arable crops area by 53%,
permanent crops by 49%,
vegetable areas grew only by 21% (from 303 Ha to 368 Ha)
What is happening? - High CAP substidies
Grasslands present almost 40% of Croatian organic production
The increase in the number of cattle is not proportional to the increase in grassland area, due to the fact that prior to 2015 there was no requirement on conditional cattle head per Ha of grassland registered for organic direct payment
No organic meat or dairy products
THE ORGANIC MOUNTAIN STORY
One of the examples of this practice is the conversion of 2.262 Ha in 2014 of grassland in one of the coastal regions with only 348 head of cattle
New national regulation will change this from 2015, obliging organic farmers to have at least 0,5 conditional cattle head per Ha
2012
2014
6407 Ha
387 Ha
Your thoughts on substidies in agriculture?
current situation is stimulating conversion, not production and marketing of products.
the demand for organic products has been steadily growing over the last couple of years
As the local supply of organic products is insufficient, demand growth is satisfied mostly by imported products (estimate 80%)

Croatian agriculture and food sector is
strongly import dependent

The number of Croatian importers of organic food is 90, while the number of exporters of organic food is 17

High import of organic food particularly in the early development stages of the sector development
had the negative effect on local production
5%
2015
2012
2,45%
IMPORT 09/12
EXPORT
current situation is stimulating conversion, not production and marketing of products


Large numbers of small producers, particularly in coastal areas where farms have a very small average size (e.g. average farm size in Split-Dalmatia County is 0.62 Ha), converted to organic practices, placing interesting new products based on indigenous varieties on the market
Young people!
EkoBiz project
AD1 - Motivation - study visit to Vignola SANA fair (50 young people) - (25/50, 2/4, collaboration with IFOAM ABM
AD2 - Capacity building 15 days, experts from different fields & IFOAM OI - sustainability of the action - extention service and farmers training in 2017
AD3 - One stop shop for organic farmers - 15 grants in 2016, 2017 - 50?
AD4 - EkoFjera 2016, Slow food, concerts, Conference
AD5 - Nurseries and schools - First nursery with organic food in 2017
- biggest farmers assotiation in Dalmacija
Some of our young farmers
Prior to the EU accession

Before the EU accession in July 2013, Croatia has had the system of organic production support mostly based on direct payments on the national level.

Regional level administrations (Counties) have developed support systems, mostly based on the subsidy for certification of organic crops - (SD County, last to implement subsidy for certification of organic crops)

IPARD investments - did not favour organic farming, many farmers waited for RDP
Substidies 2011 2012 2013 (National budget)

Vegetables and permanent crops 386,00 eur/Ha 602,00 eur/Ha 602,00 eur/Ha
Grassland 112,8 eur/Ha 176,4 eur/Ha 176,4 eur/Ha
Arable crops 112,8 eur/Ha 176,4 eur/Ha 176,4 eur/Ha

UNDP COAST program - baseline for development of organic agiculture in Dalmatia
GEF, UNDP, WWF, SDC funding
- 80 grants for green business
- garantee fund (still active)
- sectoral analyses
- technical assistance
- 8 people employed in RDA's
After the EU accession in July 2013, direct payments for organic agriculture are regulated by the Croatian Rural Development Program, providing organic farmers additional support on top of the basic payment (average national value of the basic payment is 169 euro)
In conversion supports are 20% higher than the ones for the fully converted land:

In conversion supports:
• Arable crops
347,78 EUR /ha,
• permanent crops 868,18 EUR/ha,
• vegetables 576,94 EUR /ha,
• grasslands
309,94 EUR /ha.

Fully converted area supports:
• Arable crops 289,92 EUR /ha,
• permanent crops 723,48 EUR /ha,
• vegetables 480,78 EUR /ha,
• grasslands 258,28 EUR/ ha.

MFF - A PLAN HOW TO ACHIVE EUROPE 2020 TARGETS
This is agriculture
attracting ‘subsidy hunters’ into OF may not be a problem per se, but it is a problem when the baseline production is low - new member state
RH Rural development program is horizontally favouring organic farming throughout several measures, providing organic farmers additional points in evaluation or additional percentage of financing (usually 20% more).
M03.2
Promotion of organic agriculture, information measures – organic farmers associations are eligible Up to 30.000 euro per year 70%

M04.1.1.

Investments into primary production (organic farmers have additional 20% funding in comparison to conventional) Up to 3.000.000 euro up to 70%

M04.2.1
Investments in agricultural products processing. (Additional 20% of financing for EIP) Up to 5.000.000 euro 50%
M04.2.2
Investments in renewable energy. (Additional 20% of financing for EIP) Up to 1.000.000 euro 50%
M04.4
Agro-environmental measures (preservation of countryside, dry walls…) Up to 150.000 euro 100%
M 6.1
Young farmers’ grant support, all investments (SO min 8.000 eur), organic farmers get more points in evaluation (10/90) 50.000 euro 100%
M 6.2
Establishment of non-agricultural activities on the farm 50.000 euro 100%
M 6.3
Small farms grant support (all investments), SO min 2.000 euro, “green” activities get more points in evaluation 15.000 euro 100%
M 6.4
Development of non-agricultural activities on the farm 3.000-200.000 euro 70%
M 10
Direct payments for agro environment and climate measures Depending on the intervention 100%
M 11
Direct payments for organic farming 100%
M 16.4
Short supply chains 50.000 euro 100%
Horizontal support for organic farmers in RDP is particularly important in Measure 6.1 directed to young farmers (FADN Standard output = 8.000) and measure 6.3, directed to small farms (FADN SO = 2000)
M11 promotes organic practices without product certification, and possibly presents a very
important step towards the full conversion to organic
.
Further capacity development and M11 promotion is needed in order to use this incentive fully, as it has a very high allocation in the RDP
Local and regional rural development programs - being adjusted to the National rural development program in order to avoid double financing

This adjustment presents a possibility for Croatian local and regional government
to implement various EU best practices
(such as institutional purchase of organic food), which are not included in the RDP - example: Pučišća
OPG Jug - producers' organisation Ecogos Ltd.
Investments from M 4./4.2
Ecogos - 21 members / 175 Ha
Production for Biovega Ltd.
Strong export orientation
Emphasis on product design and quality
One of the key questions for development of Croatian organic sector is
capacity building
on all levels - farmers, extension officers, consumers
Several possibilites....
European social fund -
Association of Organic Agricultural Producers of Istria (IEP) and Institution for adult education “Diopter”. Within the project “Eko je fora” (eng. Eco is cool) new certified educational program for organic farmers has been created and 40 farmers got project funded education.
Similar project was implemented in Split-Dalmatia country, with more focus on promotion of organic practices to young farmers
Eko je fora and EkoBiz - ESF funded
Eko je fora - focused on aromatic
herbs and vegetables
EKoBiz - focused on young farmers
Cooperation programs
- MED, Inrerreg Central Europe, Danube, CBC Croatia-Italy...
RDP
- Measures 1 (?) and 3.2
How i see current role of pulic sector supporting development of organic agriculture
in Croatia
1. public sector should provide
adequate administrative and business planning support
for (particularly very small) producers...our current problems regarding support
2. public sector could provide a strong
demand pull
by orientation of food purchase towards organics
IFOAM Organic leadership course
- how i got a more systematic approch to public sector role (and a plan!)
Development plan - project pipeline -
Institutional purchase of organic food in SDC
Three phases

1. supply push
- currently working with farmers, help with grant schemes, capacity building + pilot nurseries
2. setting a
sustainable financing
system
3. Strategic regional infrastructural project(s) to support organic farimng and to shift conventional to more sustainable practices - Organic 3.0 context - CEKOM 3LJ & PUC 3LJ
Most relevant Croatian research institutions
+
private sector

Structural funding
10 mil euro
Afternoon workshop - WORLD CAFE
5 groups - 5 topics
1. Direct payments in organic farming
2. How to create environment for sustainable conversion?
3. Role of public sector
4. Effective RDPs for organic farming
5. Local supply chains
German bilateral technical cooperation - GIZ cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Croatia

Project “Economic Development and Employment Promotion in the Food Processing Industry”.
Small and young farmers - 6.3/6.1
The overall objective of the Croatian Organic Action Alan 2010-2016 was to increase a share of areas under organic agriculture in the total agricultural areas in Croatia to
8% until 2016. (SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE)
Basis for such projection of development was a trend of increase of areas under organic agriculture in Croatia in the period 2006-2009 by the average
33% annually
Plan aimed to determine what is necessary for ensuring a stable and
long-term growth
of the organic agriculture sector
Few words on strategic planning and action plans and their role in the context of project development
PROGRAMING
IDENTIFICATION
FORMULATION
FINANCING
IMPLEMENTATION
EVALUATION
Key challanges:
adjusting plans and strategies to stakeholders needs - participation
connecting actions to funding

IDENTIFICATION
SITUATION ANALYSIS
INPUT FROM STRATEGIES (IF THEY ARE WELL WRITTEN
PROBLEMS IDENTIFICATION
COMPLIENCE TO THE RELEVANT STRATEGIES
VERY IMPORTANT DURING THE

PROJECT EVALUATION
STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS
-
WHO IS BENEFITING FROM THE ACTION
CAPACITY ANALYSIS

-
CAN YOU IMPLEMENT? (FINANCIAL AND INSTITUTIONAL - USUALLY ONE OF THE KEY ELEMENTS OF EVALUATION)
CBA AND FEASIBILITY STUDY
(MAYOR PROJECTS)
TRANSFORMATION OF PROBLEMS TO GOALS AND LOGICS OF A PROGRAM/PROJECT
INSUFFICIENT
AWARENESS
ABOUT
POSSIBILITES
OF SUPPLY OF LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD TO SCHOOLS
PARENTS
DON'T
WANT TO PAY MORE
LRA
DOESN'T
WANT TO PAY MORE
NURSERIES/
SCHOOLS
DO NOT KNOW
ABOUT GPP
CHILDREN
ARE USED
TO BAD
PROCCESSED FOOD
SCHOOLS
DON'T HAVE
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR CATERING
FOOD
PURCHUSED
BY LOWEST
PRICE
MENUES
CREATED WITH
LOW CARE
ABOUT THE FOOD
ORIGIN OR SEASON
NURSERIES
HAVE
CENTRALISED
KITCHENS
CAUSES
CORE
PROBLEM
CONSEQUENCES
CHILDREN
OBESITY

BAD
EATING
HABBITS

HEALTH
ISSUES

INCREASED
AWARENESS
ABOUT
POSSIBILITES
OF SUPPLY OF LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD TO SCHOOLS
AND THE INDICATORS/COSTS!!
OBJECTIVES (RESULT LEVEL):
• educating and
informing organic producers
• stimulating all participants in the organic agriculture chain to create
partnership relations
(private-public partnership, local administration – schools, nurseries);
• maintaining and encouraging
consumers’ trust
and awareness of organic products,

stimulating organic food processing
by engaging large business operators
• establishing a
synergy with the tourist sector
, particularly in the marketing of organic products;

stimulating the professional and scientific publi
c to verify the significance and advantages of organic agriculture with their research and scientific work.
ACTIONS - ACTIVITY LEVEL
First five actions, focused on political, institutional and legal framework of the development of organic agriculture in Croatia:
- THREE GROUPS
1. Establishment and work of the national inter-sectoral Commission for the Implementation AP
2. Establishment and work of the regional Coordination for the implementation of AP
3. Alignment of the Croatian legal framework for organic agriculture with the acqui communautaire
4. Supervision of work of authorised and accredited supervisory and certification bodies for OA
5. Ensuring financial aids for organic agriculture until the accession of Croatia to the EU

Second group production, human and natural resources

1. Establishment of the gene bank system for autochthonous varieties of agricultural plants and protected animal breeds
2. Initiating a national programme for certified organic collection of wild plants and forest fruits
4. Programme for expert and scientific research in organic agriculture
5. Ensuring a satisfactory number of advisors for organic agriculture within the Croatian Chamber of Agriculture (Public Agricultural Advisory Service)

But, Croatia is very lucky to have Biovega Ltd. as the main distribution company
400 in 2010
Distribution company (now also production and proccesing) coming from the NGO :)
Third group of actions related to market and promotion

1. Support to the work of associations for organic agriculture
2. Information and promotion campaign on the advantages of organic agriculture
3. Organisation of organic agriculture fairs
4. Participation of organic producers at other fairs and events
5. Elaboration and application of Croatian standards for organic
stores, organic restaurants, organic agro-tourist holdings and/or organic hotels
6. Stimulating institutional purchase of organic products for the needs of public kitchens

Second group of actions, focused on production, human and natural resources, partial success in implementation due to the fact that:

insufficient funding was allocated in national budget
funding was not well connected to ESI funding options after EU accession in 2013
Indicators of results
Who is in charge of implementation?

1. Establishment of the gene bank system for autochthonous varieties of agricultural plants and protected animal breeds – the plan itself stated that the action will not be conducted until funds are allocated in the State Budget
4. Programme for expert and scientific research in organic agriculture – even though there was the allocation within the national budget, within the Council for Research in Agriculture, out of which for research in organic agriculture – 200,000.00 HRK per year, the action was partially implemented, also due to inadequate funding. Action should be related to H2020 and ESI OP Competences and cohesion, priority axis 1, as well as the Measure 16 in Rural development programme.
5. Ensuring a satisfactory number of advisors for organic agriculture within the Croatian Chamber of Agriculture (Public Agricultural Advisory Service) – Funds for the implementation of this Action have been allocated within the budget funds for Croatian Chamber of Agriculture, 2.5 million HRK for 2011 and 2012 for salaries of 21 employees. T
he plan did not aim to employ new staff, or to insure adequate funding for staff capacity building.
1. Organisation of organic agriculture fairs –

Ministry of agriculture and Ministry of the Sea, Transport and Infrastructure as well as the several regional budget.
Due to the (voluntary) work of several NGO’s three big fairs now take place annually in Zagreb, Split and Pula - Sajam Eko Hrane, EkoFjera and “Be aware of what you eat”. funding (MPS 50 eur per producer, real cost 130)

NGOs Supporting eachother :)
Participation of organic producers at other fairs and events
a. Ministry of agriculture budget funds for the International events and fairs in the amount of 80,000.00 HRK per year
b. oo-financing of exhibition at Biofach by Croatian chamber of commerce.

?
1. Elaboration and application of Croatian standards for organic stores, organic restaurants, organic agro-tourist holdings and/or organic hotels
a. allocation 1,000,000.00 HRK per year within the Ministry of Tourism, - Stimulating the placing on the market of organic products in tourism, the action has never been implemented
b. strong initiative by Ministry of entrepreneurship, financed by strategic project for competences cluster development, to implement this action, but not only for organic product

Stimulating institutional purchase of organic products for the needs of public kitchens – the action has not been implemented and did not have a budgetary allocation within the action plan.

i. several initiatives, particularly FibL and “Ecologica’s” project “I have a right to eat healthy”, the importance of institutional purchase has been recognised.
ii. In 2016. Public procurement law was changed, favouring purchase of local and organic food.

Group work -choose 5 countries
Make LM based action plan
Full transcript