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Timeline of the Jamestown Events
Transcript of Timeline of the Jamestown Events
In 1609, a group of 9 ships from England had been caught in a tremendous hurricane, the leading ship which was, the Sea Venture, had been wrecked off in Bermuda, its passengers, including many of the proposed new leaders of the colony, stranded for months. However, the rest of the ships had made it into Jamestown in August of 1609, although they made it to Jamestown, their passengers were mostly sick or hurt.
May 24, 1610
The hurricane survivors, including one passenger named John Rolfe, who had learned to smoke tobacco in London, built two ships from the wreckage of the Sea Venture, and finally resumed their journey.
On May 24, 1610 they had arrived to Jamestown but with only 60 gaunt survivor, nearly 90% of the colony had died during the winter because in shortage of food.
The New Beginning
With no crops, no tools, no housing, no hope, it was the end of the Jamestown Colony. As the survivors and rescuers packed what they could on the ships, headed down the James river. Jamestown was abandoned...
As the ships came 10 miles down-river they met with a boat whose occupants told them Lord De Lar Warr, newly appointed Governor of Virginia, was on his way with three ships filled with supplies and 150 new colonists. They were ordered to return to await the Governor.
Search for Resources
Although they began to start a new colony, Jamestown had yet to find a crop, or a mineral, or an industry that would make the colony economically viable. The Virginia Company continued to pour people and resources into a venture with virtually no return of investment. It was not until John Rolfe began growing tobacco in 1612. But Rolfe ignored the product that was grown by the local Indians, and so he somehow obtained seeds from the coveted Nicotiana Tabacum strain then being grown in Trinidad and South America, although Spain had declared a penalty of death to anyone selling such seeds to a non-Spaniard.
King James 1 sent out a voyage to North America to find gold, a new route to South Seas, and find the Lost Colony of Roanoke.
Strong winds held their ship near England for 6 weeks, and because of shortage of food 45 died, 101 men and 4 boys finally landed on semi-island in May, 1607. Within a month they were able to build and complete the building of a large triangular fort on the banks of a river known as Powhatan's River. The settlers named it the James, after their King.
Timeline of Jamestown Events
Legacy of Jamestown
Voyage to Virginia
Strong Winds Held Their Ship Back
Building of Jamestown
Welcome to Jamestown
As Pocahontos was captured and put in captivity by John Rofle, she received bible lessons, and eventually converted to Christianity, changing her name to "Rebecca." In April of 1614, Rofle married her with Powhatan's approval. This made an act of bringing peace with the Indians for 8 years, a period when the energies of the colonists could be devoted to the growing of its new cash crop, which indeed was soon to become the New World's currency. For in 1614, in what has been called the most momentous event of the 17th century, the first shipment of Virginia tobacco to be sold in London.
Two years later, in June 1616, Rofle and leaders of the colony arrived in London to discuss the newly successful crop. Rofle brought Rebecca with him, where her exotic looks and regal bearing made her a popular rage, and she was presented as a true princess in the court of Queen Anne, and so King James crowned Powhatan as "King of Virginia".
By 1619 Jamestown had exported 10 tons of tobacco back to England and was a 'boomtown'. The export business was going so well that the colonists were able to afford two imports which would greatly contribute to their productivity and quality of life: 20 Blacks from Africa and 90 women from England. The Africans were paid for in food; each woman cost 120 pounds of tobacco.
By 1639 Jamestown had exported 750 tons of tobacco. The Jamestown colonists had not found gold, nor a route to the South Seas, nor the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island. But they had found tobacco. Tobacco had brought the settlement from wretched failure to a giddy success. Tobacco had created the need for labor at any price, and since it wore out the soil every 4-7 years--the mad rush for land all through the waterways of the Chesapeake Bay--or, as the entire area soon became known, "Tobacco Coast." Tobacco can well be credited with making Jamestown the first permanent English colony in the New World.
Thanks for Watching
I Hope You Learned Something About The Jamestown Colony
Off to a New Start
Despite of King James I's disapproval of the colony's dependence on a crop he despised, and the very survival of his namesake colony could be at stake. And, of course, King James I could not ignore the enormous import duties of John Rolfes' Virginia tobacco, which he named "Orinoco", brought to the royal treasury, Londoners and others around the world liked its taste and began demanding it. Since all sales had to be made through London, the English treasury grew with every transaction. Rolfes' trip was a success...
Sea Venture Gets Wrecked off in Bermuda
John Rolfe Reaches Jamestown
King James I
Packing Up for Home
Rolfe Marries Pocahontos
Rolfe Visits King James I