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Piaget's Cognitive Development

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Kim Wright

on 21 October 2012

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Transcript of Piaget's Cognitive Development

Piaget's Stages of Development Sensorimotor Stage Formal Operational Last from birth to about 2 years of age 1. Simple Reflexes
2. First habits and primary circular reactions
3. Secondary circular reactions
4. Coordination of secondary circular reactions
5. Tertiary reactions, novelty, and curiosity
6. Internalization of schemes 6 sub-stages of the Sensorimotor stage occurs between age 2 and 7 Pre-operational Stage last from age 7 to 11 Concrete Stage 11 to 15 years of age Infants construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences, such as seeing and hearing, with physical actions Simple reflexes The infant begins to coordinate sensations and actions through reflexive behavior. Examples include sucking, rooting and grasping First Habits and primary circular reactions occurs between 1 and 4 months of age coordinates sensation, habits and primary reactions Examples include sucking of the thumb Secondary circular reactions age 4 to 8 months of age the infants begins imitating actions that he or she is already able to produce the infant may start making sounds and may start doing things such as shaking a rattle Coordination of secondary circular reactions develops between 8 month and 12 months of age infants may knock over one toys to get to another infants begin to combine present things with things previously learned (scheme) vision and touch and hand eye coordination comes into affect. Tertiary circular reactions
novelty, and curiosity 12 to 18 months of age infants are becoming fascinated by objects and the things they can do to those objects. Take a block for example. They can be made to fall, spin, hit another object, or slide or be thrown across the floor Internalization of scheme Scheme according to Piaget, actions or mental representation that organize knowledge occurs from 18 months to 24 months toddlers develop the ability to use primitive symbols For example, a child sees an adult drinking out of cup, they see a can and start drinking from it Occurs in the first month of life Children begin to represent the world through words, drawings and images Piaget states that in this stage of development, stable concepts are formed, mental reasoning emerges, egocentrism is present and magical beliefs are constructed 2 sub-stages of the pre-operational stage: symbolic function and intrusive thought symbolic function occurs between 2 and 4 years of age gains the ability to mentally represent an object that is not present use scribble to represent people, houses, cars, etc. Intrusive Thought occurs between 4 and 7 years of age Children begin the primitive reasoning process and want to know answers. Why? Why? Why? Logical reasoning replace intrusive reasoning as long as concrete examples are involved in this stage, concrete thinkers can not imagine the steps necessary to complete an algebraic equation because it is to abstract. Pre-teens and teenagers begin to think more abstractly Instead of having to seeing the algebraic equation, in this stage the thinker can solve it verbally They begin to think about their future Review 1.How would you define the Pre-Operational stage?
2. List the four stages of Piaget's Stages of Development?
3.What are two examples of things that happen when infants are in the reflexes stage of the sensorimotor stage?
4. In the concrete operational stage, why are children not able to imagine the steps to solving an algebraic equation?
5. If a child does not develop according to the way Piaget has explain, how will this affect this child in the future?
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