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In what ways did the Civil War change the Nation? Did these
Transcript of In what ways did the Civil War change the Nation? Did these
Effect on Former Slaves' Lives.
After the Civil War, the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments all supported civil rights for African-Americans. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery, the 14th gave citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in the United States (including African-Americans), and the 15th prohibited the government from denying voting rights based on race. The Freedman's Bureau was also established to help former slaves adapt to normal American life. This opened up public schools and churches as well. However, this soon expired when Southern Democrats came into power. African Americans were mistreated until the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s,
The Cost of War
After the Civil War, reconstruction was necessary; especially in the south, where most of the battles happened. The North had over 360,000 deaths and the South had over 250,000 deaths, for a combined total of over 600,000 deaths; the most military casualties in history. The war cost for the Union was 2.3 billion. This increased the national debt from 65 million to 2.7 billion in five years. The war cost for the Confederate was 1 billion. In 1864, the Confederate debt was 1.8 billion. Union inflation rose to 182% while Confederate inflation rose to 7,000%.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans. Orlando, FL: Holt McDougal, 2012. Print.
Did these changes solve problems for former slaves?
Sadly, racism still occurred after the Civil War. The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments did solve some problems and gave African-Americans more opportunities. However, racism caused whites and blacks to be separated up until the 1960s. Yes, the changes did solve some problems, but there were still many more that needed solving.
The Abolition of Slavery
The 13th Amendment was ratified in 1865, after the Civil war. This abolished all slavery in the united states. Prior to this, the Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in Confederate States. However, slaves in border states were not freed by this. President Lincoln decided that the only solution to the problem would be to add a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery.