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Supporting Your Ideas
Transcript of Supporting Your Ideas
a story, narrative, or anecdote to illustrate a point. describes an imaginary or fictitions situation 1. use to clarify abstract or unfamiliar ideas 2. reinforce strong ideas 3. personalize your ideas The suspension bridge has a roadway suspended by verticle cables attached to two or more main cables. The main cables are hung on two towers and have their ends anchored in concrete. Two well-known suspension bridges are the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco and the Brooklyn Bridge in New York. There are many hungry families in our community who could benefit from food donations. Let me tell you about Arturo. Arturo is four years old. he has big brown eyes and a mop of black hair and an empty belly. In all his four years on this earth, Arturo has never once enjoyed three square meals in a single day. Statistics 3 Main kinds of examples: Brief, Extended, and Hypothetical Statistics - numerical data Shows magnitude or seriousness Clarifies or strengthens Tips for Statistics There are economic benefits to opening casinos on Native American land. Evaluate Statistics Carefully Organic foods are becoming more popular According to MSNBC News, sales of organic crops now exceed $20 billion a year and are increasing 23 percent annually. 1. Are they representative? 2. Are the measures used correctly? 3. Are they from a reliable source? 1. Use to quantify, especially if you want to highlight a problem. 2. Use sparingly. 3. Identify the sources 4. Explain How much money is a trillion dollars? Think of it this way. If you had $1 million and spent it at the rate of $1,000 a day, you would run out of money in less than three years. If you had $1 billion and spent it at the rate of $1,000 a day, you would not run out of money for almost 3,000 years. And if you had $1 trillion and spent it at the rate of $1,000 a day, you wouldn't run out of money for nearly 3 million years! Testimony quotations or paraphrases used to support a point. Expert testimony Peer testimony Citing Sources Include source Include author Include qualifications Include date If you wanted to explain barriers faced by people with physical disabilities, an expert testimony would be limited. Itzhak Perlman, the world-renowned violinist whose legs are paralyzed, once said: "When you are in a wheelchair, people don't talk to you. Perhaps they think it is contagious, or perhaps they think crippled legs mean a crippled mind. But whatever the reason, they treat you like a thing." Tips for Testimony 1. Paraphrase long quotes or complicated information. 2. Use qualified, unbiased sources. 3. Identify sources 4. Be Accurate- never misquote, use out of context, or compromise the meaning of a paraphrase. While more students are going to college than ever before, they are paying a high price. Kimberly Palmer, financial columnist for U.S. News & World Report, reported in the magazine's January 28, 2008 issue that graduating students now owe an average of $15,500 in student-loan debt, up from $8,800 just ten years ago. Creating a national sales tax would provide needed revenue for programs such as education, health care, and national defense. Several European countries have such a tax, and it could certainly work in the US. However, I do not support such a tax here - in fact, I don't support new taxes of any kind. Americans already pay too much in taxes. Yet my opponent in this election has stated - and I quote, "Creating a national sales tax would provide needed revenue for programs such as education, health care, and national defense. Several European countries have such a tax, and it could certainly work in the U.S." Well my opponent may think new taxes are good for Europe, but they're the last thing we need in this country. (quoted out of context)