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British colonization of Australia & New Zealand - working
Transcript of British colonization of Australia & New Zealand - working
Australia and New Zealand Captain James Cook,
British Sea Captain... ...Claimed New Zealand in 1769
...Claimed Australia in 1770 Inhabited by Maori, a Polynesian people who had settled New Zealand around A.D. 800.
Maori culture was based on farming, hunting, and fishing. New Zealand Sparsely populated by Aborigines, the native peoples, who are the longest ongoing culture in the world.
Nomads who fished, hunted, gathered Australia After experimentation, a breed of sheep which produced high quality wool and thrived in the warm, dry weather were introduced.
Raising sheep and exporting wool became Australia's and New Zealand's biggest business. Free British settlers eventually
joined former convicts in
both Australia and New Zealand Britain began colonizing Australia in 1789 with convicts to relieve their overcrowded prisons.
After their sentences were served, freed prisoners became settlers. Immigration encouraged By cheap land offered by Britain's government
Population grew in early 1800s Australia's population skyrocketed
after a gold rush in 1851.
Settlements on the east coast
grew and became separate colonies.
As in the U.S., pioneers moved
west across the outback and established
outposts. Settling New Zealand European settlement grew more slowly here. Missionaries arrived to convert Maoris. As the European settlement grew, so did conflict with the natives. A treaty was signed in 1840 with Maori accepting British rule in return for recognition of land rights. Self-Government! Australian and New Zealand colonists desired self rule but wanted to remain part of the British Empire. They became self-governing with parliamentary governments in the 1850s
During the 1900s both became dominions. The Australian ballot, a secret ballot, originated in Australia in the 1850s. New Zealand became the world's first nation to allow female suffrage in 1893! (But it was only for white women.) Maoris and other non-Europeans suffered:
from disease, and
being driven from their lands. A series of wars occurred between Maori and
British between 1845 and 1872.
The Maori were pushed into remote regions. SELF-RULE FOR
AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND By Mrs. Bliss testing box