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Organizing for Change Part I

SOCI 3027

Jessica Ayoub

on 21 August 2013

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Transcript of Organizing for Change Part I

The New Politics of Globalization: Mapping Ideas and Theories

Also referred to as "economic liberalism", "market liberalism", or "neoconservatism"
Concerned with establishing conditions necessary to empower people through ideas of equality, the common good and harmony with the natural environment
Global Transformers
For Globalization
Based on three guiding principles:
growing interdependence
global institutions

A growing interdependence sets out for the collaboration of states, peoples, and international organizations to work together on a mutual reciprocal relationship towards development
Democracy establishes a foundation for internation peace

Participation in governance at all levels from local to global
Global Institutions
Creation of international law and institutions to regulate international interdependence, greater harmony between states can be maintained
Agents of Change
Social movements and non-governmental organizations which challenge the authority of states and international agencies

Radical Model
Represents a normative theory of "human governance"
Grounded in the existence of a multiplicity of communities and social movements
Foundations of Radicalism
the transformation of existing power relationships
Creating a 'bottom up' social change
Transnational coalitions will allow people to:
Identify strategies for managing internal tensions
Build trust across boarders
Develop strategies and organizations with greater global impact
Shaped by broad social conditions and by actions of participants in cross-boarder networks
Transnational Movement Networks
Movements seeking to communicate across boarders, and to organize in the pursuit of international alternatives-a "globalization from below"
Civil Society
Challenged by internal conflict and external limitations
Opportunities and Challenges
Resource Building
Resources take on many forms: financial, human, organizational, political, informational, or cultural
Geographic proximity and communication technology both constrain and strengthen international movement networks
A collaboration of movement organizations in at least two countries that exchange information and experience, provide mutual support, have at least a partially organized social base, and engage in joint strategic campaigns

To negotiate differences and align frameworks of grievance and action

Transnational movements in the future need to challenge the economic and political neo-liberal development by bringing together and using the power of the global civil society and by bringing alternative agendas to focus more forcefully
Regular communication among movement organizations from different nations provides:
rapid and continuing "diffusion" of movements values, strategies, and goals
Internal conflicts: identity
nationalism, religion, ethnicity, and gender
External conflicts: Organizational
representation, decision making, division of
labour, leadership style, hierarchy,
centralization, etc.
Basic Principles:

*Emphasis on State
*Need a strong State
*Globalization is Exaggerated

Strong State Structure:
The State has to be strong in order to ensure that there is strong participation in the open markets and to provide good governance
The state needs to protect the countries culture, language, religion, and traditions
Globalization is exaggerated:
Belief that globalization is exaggerated because it forgets that the State has a big part and say in international relations
The belief that the way states react and they conduct in international relations is all relative to their geographical variables.
Example: Western Values
Infused with such ideology was the foundation of the reformed United Nations system.
Examples of transnational movement networks:
Transnational feminist network
Transnational Human Rights Networks
Emphasis on the State:
Emphasis on the state to take care of security, the economy, and the welfare of it's citizens
Government and Corporate Institutions
National movements have greater opportunities for mobilizing and forging transnational coalitions when states and corporations are open to change.
But,.. it ultimately comes down to how well social movements can use their resources to publicize and gain international allies
> Examines the form and distributional consequences of globalization
> Gobalization is not an inevitable or fixed state/form
> Room for improvement- ability to be better governed, regulated and shaped
Governments and Corporations can help:
*can legitimize social change
*helps build transnational coalitions
*NGOs can contribute knowledge, financing, resources, and access to political decision making

Governments and Corporations can hinder:
*places barriers to repress social movements

...But, these acts of repression can also stimulate public awareness on the issue and can create public disapproval on the government/corporation
Communication Technology
New technologies and international electronic communications have facilitated the ability of activists to mobilize.
The availability of these developments are uneven and costly, which can hinder activist to mobilize on a international level.
Geographic Proximity
Face-to-face interaction is still needed for activists to achieve mutual trust and commitment.

In the absence of proximity communication can make coordination far more costly, infrequent, and subject to misunderstandings, if not conflict
* wealthier NGOs and social movements can exercise more power using their resources to define international coalitions
*poorer NGOs can latch on to wealthier NGOs becoming "junior partners" in the coalitions

*Transnational activism is easier when economic conditions are good so that movements have better access to financial resources
*Economic crisis can promote transnational coalition building even when there is a scarcity of resource in the face of repression

*The ability for movements to publicize their causes and use resources to gain international allies is an ability that most movements do not possess as new technologies have facilitated transnational communication, their availability is uneven and their costs can be high

The "Cosmopolitan Citizen"
Minimal State
Minimal state means that the government must not interfere with and determine the interests of the people. The government is presented with specific responsibilities and must not overstep that boundary.
Free Market
“When protected by a constitutional state upholding the rule of law, no system provides a mechanism of collective choice as dynamic, innovative, and responsive as the operations of the free market.”
Aspects of life, whether it is in the social, economic, or political realm, should be matters of individual concern.
Individual Liberty
Reforming the UN
Global Public Goods
Reforming the UN
- no longer solely state-provided
- influence of diverse state and non-state actors
- global public policy crises
- global dialogue
- global accountability
Weakening of Global Public Goods
1. Jurisdictional Gap

2. Participation Gap

3. Incentive Gap
Overcoming Constraints
1. Creating a continuum between national and international policy
2. Enhanced multilateral cooperation
3. Clear maps of jurisdictional challenges
4. Tripartite approach to decision making
5. Explicit incentives & disincentives
Overview & Purpose
- for globalization
- cosmopolitan social democrat
- influenced by Liberal Internationalist and Global Transformers
- Mgmt of social, economic and political dislocation
concerned with providing global public goods
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