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Sustainable Agriculture

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by

Phoebe Staab

on 22 May 2012

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Transcript of Sustainable Agriculture

Fair Wages
Reasonable Working Hours
Fair Profit For Their Crops
Safe Working Conditions
Happy Workers Means...
Free Range
Healthy Diet (oats and grains "grass feed" )
Humane slaughter Methods
HUMAN SLAUGHTER ACT= An Animal Must Be Stunned or Given a Treatment to ensure it does not feel any pain
Happy Animals Means...
Soil Quality Means...

No-till farming
Growing wind breaks to hold the soil
Incorporating organic matter back into fields
Stop using chemical fertilizers (which contain salt)
Protecting soil from water runoff
NO TILL FARMING
Incorporating Organic Matter Back Into Soil
Growing Wind Breakers
Sustainable Irrigation
Rainwater Harvesting
&
Drip Irrigation
1. Acceptable pest levels
: The emphasis is on control, not eradication. (Important for biodiversity)
2. Prevention
: Plants best for local growing conditions- sanitation ( removal of diseased plants to prevent spread of infection).
3. Monitoring
4. Mechanical controls:
Should a pest reach an unacceptable level, mechanical methods are the first options to consider.
5. Biological Controls:
Promoting helpful bugs that eat harmful pests & Biological Insecticides: derived from naturally occurring microorganisms
6. Responsible Pesticide Use:
Only using organic pesticides
Hand Picking
Insect Barriers
Insect Traps
Insect Vacuuming
Integrated Pest Managment
Happy Workers
Happy Animals
Healthy Soil
Sustainable Irrigation
Dealing With Pests
Aspects of Sustainable Agriculture
SOCIAL
ENVIRONMENTAL
ECONOMIC
How Does Sustainable Agriculture Help The Environment?
Maintain Biodiversity
Climate/ Energy
Soil
Water
EXAMPLE:

Traditionally, Coffee is grown under a variety of trees, in a shady, biologically diverse, area.
High demand for coffee made some growers start to plant their coffee in direct sunlight for faster growth.
In 1999 Starbucks joined a project set up by Conservation International (CI) around the El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve in Chiapas, Mexico, to encourage shade-grown coffee and prevent further deforestation.
How Does Sustainable Agriculture Help Economically?
Farm Profitability
Livelihoods
Value Chain
EXAMPLE:
French-style green beans come from Guatemalan farms to Costco stores all over North America.
Inspired by sustainable agriculture, a Costco employee initiated the Juan Francisco project in 2005.
Involved an analysis of the services provided at each level of the supply chain, their prices and revenues, and the impact on rural poverty.
They found that the green bean market means children can attend school and husbands no longer have to work away from home for months at a time as migrant laborers.
Costco now implements these types of projects with many foods that they consider selling.
How Does Sustainable Agriculture Help Socially?
Labor Rights
Community Health
Food Quality and Safety
Animal Welfare
EXAMPLE:

Côte d’Ivoire generates 40% of global production of cocoa, most of which is grown by smallholder farmers.
Unfortunately, production means farmers must deal not only with low productivity due to pests, plant diseases, but also with an array of social challenges including poor living and health conditions, lack of education and low income.
Finding sustainable solutions to these issues has been the aim of Kraft Foods Inc and the Market-oriented Promotion of Sustainable Certified Cocoa Production project.
Kraft encourages farmers to produce quality cocoa according to the internationally accepted Sustainable Agriculture Network’s certification standards.
Farmers who comply with these standards can display the Rainforest Alliance Certified stamp on their products, providing them with added value in the marketplace.
The aim has been for them to increase their income
Phoebe's Sustainable Farm
* The System is Flawed: Meat can be labeled as "Free Range" if the animal has any access to the outdoors
Consumers Can Choose:

-Humane Farm Animal Care Allows Restaurants, Farmers, and Companies to use their seal of approval (right) if they use or raise meat that complies with strict guidelines for humane animal treatment
Whole Foods Has a Different Approach

At Every Whole Foods Market, Consumers can choose their meat, which is rated based on a 5-Level System. The Program is backed by the Global Animal Partnership
Fairtrade is a term used to describe fair compensation for farmers both domestically and internationally
This Practice differs from traditional farming in that:
Soil is not disturbed in order for crops to grow symmetrically
Weeds and other indigenous plants are not disturbed
The result is more nutritious soil that will be viable for a longer period of time
Some Examples:
Using Agriculural waste (compost) to fertilize soil
Using animal manuer to fertilize soil
Slow down wind
Help soil retain water
Reduce damage to plants
Agriculture Accounts for 70% of Water Use World-Wide (40% in USA)
1/5th Global Population Lack Safe Drinking Water
40% of Water used in Agriculture is Wasted
Sustainable Practices Can Reduce This by 15%
Flood Irrigation
Spray Irrigation
More Direct Root Access
= Less Wasted Water
Literally Removing Insects By Hand
Fabric Such as Netting Allows Plants to be Exposed to Sunlight While also Protecting Crops from Pests
Use Chemicals or Lights That Attract Insects to Trap Airborne Pests Before Reaching Plants
Using Vacuums With A Wide Nose to "Suck" Pests Off Plants
Citations (:
“Drip Irrigation” eartheasy.com Earth Easy, 2012, Web., 10 May 2012
“Water and Ethics: Water in Agriculture, unescu.org. International Hydrological Program. 2004. Web. 10 May 2012
“Sustainable Irrigation Project”. ucdavis.edu. University of California: Davis. 2010, web 10 May 2012
“Integrated Pest Managment Principles”. epa.gov Environmental Protection Agency. 2012. Web. May 10 2012
“Integrated Pest management” fws.gov Fish and Wildlife Services. 2006, Web. 10 May 2012
“What is Sustainable Farming?” agronomica.org Agronomica. 2003. Web. 10 May 2012
globalanimalpartnership.org. Global Animal Partnership. Web. 10 2012
“Fair Trade” globalexchange.org Global Exchange 2012. 10 May 2012
certifiedhumane.org Humane Farm Animal Care. 2011. Web. 10 May 2012
sustainabletable.org. Sustainable Table. 2002. Web. 10 May 2012
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