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A Brief History of Computer Animation

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Robert Macrina

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of A Brief History of Computer Animation

1980
1990
2010
1970
2000
A Brief History of Computer Animation (1970-present)
1975

Industrial Light & Magic Visual Effects Company
(Founded by George Lucas)

Industrial Light & Magic has earned its eminence
over the years with its major contribution to top films,
including
Transformers
,
Iron Man
,
Avatar
, and more.
This company plays a pivotal role in the entertainment
industry. Industrial Light also created special effects
for George Lucas' "space epic"
Star Wars
.

"Today, ILM features the largest and most advanced
digital effects pipeline in the entertainment industry."

http://www.ilm.com/
1982
Autodesk Software Corporation Founded

1986
Pixar Studios Founded

1991
Beauty and the Beast
is a classical romance-fantasy film
produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
1993
Weta Digital Visual Effects Company
(Founded by Peter Jackson, Richard Taylor, and Jamie Selkirk)

Some of its features include
The Hobbit
,
Lord of the Rings
,

King Kong
,
The Avengers
, and
Avatar
.
2005
2009

Avatar

James Cameron contributes to the industry with the advancement in cinematic technology
Fusion Camera System, Simul-Cam, and Virtual Camera developed by James Cameron for his extraordinary movie
Avatar

Peter Jackson's
King Kong

Robert Macrina
Art History - Sec 05
Student ID: 0004253455

Timeline Assignment
Digital Domain Visual Effects Company (
Founded by James Cameron, Scott Ross, and Stan Winston)

A few of it feature films include
Transformers
,
Titanic
, and
Star Trek
.
1994
The Lion King
1995
Toy Story
(1995)
2001
Halo
(Video Game): first game of the franchise
released.

Halo
became one of the most successful and popular game franchises in the video game industry. After its initial release in 2001, Bungie continued to release successive games in the
Halo
universe.
https://www.halowaypoint.com/en-US/games
http://toystory.disney.com/
http://usa.autodesk.com/company/
http://www.wetafx.co.nz/
http://digitaldomain.com/
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0110357/
http://www.avatarmovie.com/index.html
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0360717/
http://siliconstation.com/avatar-film-technology/
1970s
The development of Motion Capture (Performance Capture)
Mid 1980s
Motion Capture, also known as Performance Capture, is implemented as a technique in the animation industry and used for entertainment purposes. This new cinematic technology will facilitate and enhance the making of films. Prior to the mid 1980s, this technique was used for military purposes.
Polar Express
Avatar
The Rise of the Planet of the Apes
The Hobbit
http://web.mit.edu/comm-forum/papers/furniss.html
http://web.mit.edu/comm-forum/papers/furniss.html
Pixar is a leading animation company that has created and produced some of the top animated films:
Monsters, Inc.
,
Toy Story
,
Finding Nemo
,
Wall-E
, and more.
Pixar Studios is the developer of RenderMan, "a rendering software system for high quality, photorealistic image synthesis that Pixar uses internally and licenses to third parties."
Autodesk, Inc. has established itself as a leading company in "3D design, engineering and entertainment software." Autodesk software benefits a slew of industries and allows developers, innovators, members of the entertainment industry, and more, to design and create the future. This software helps society become more technologically advanced.
Toy Story 2
(1999)
Toy Story 3
(2010)
Toy Story of Terror
(2013)
Pixar Animation Studios created this CGI animated film series and franchise. Much of Toy Story's success (1995) led to its successive films.
Peter Jackson is among the distinguished filmmakers in the entertainment industry. He reinvented the 1933
King Kong
into an extraordinary film. The advancement in special and visual effects over the years has allowed films to be more realistic and much more entertaining.
The
Lion King
is
another classical adventure
film produced by
Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
The Lion King's next movies:
Lion King 1 1/2
and
Lion King 2
were also part of the classical series.
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0101414/
Today (Present Day)
James Cameron is currently working on the
Avatar
sequels:
Avatar 2
,
Avatar 3
, and
Avatar 4
. This next film of the epic adventure will take us through the oceans of Pandora. With much of the technological advancements by James Cameron, he continues to strive towards unparallelled success. The next film will feature underwater motion capture. James Cameron is among the most elite directors in the industry, along with Steven Spielberg, Peter Jackson, George Lucas, to name a few. Cameron continues to expand and contribute to the computer animation industry.
http://www.theguardian.com/film/2013/apr/08/james-cameron-avatar-sequels
References
Works Cited (Information)
Works Cited (Images) - URL
Present Day
Footprint Image
http://t.wallpaperweb.org/wallpaper/space/1280x1024/apollo_11foot_1280.jpg

Moon Image w/ Flag
http://raquelokyay.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Apollo11-Salute.jpg

Industrial Light & Magic Image
http://www.animatordavelogan.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/industrial_light_and_magic_wallpaper_jxhy.jpg

George Lucas Image
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a0/George_Lucas_cropped_2009.jpg

Motion Capture Image 1 (Left Image)
http://kalyankrishna4886.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/optical_motion_capture.png

Motion Capture Image 2 (Right Image)
http://lukebeech.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/lo_lorna_mocap.jpg

Autodesk Image
http://www.softwareone.com/PublisherLogos/Autodesk-Large.jpg

Motion Capture Image (Top Left Image)
http://thinkdrawsell.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/polar-mocap.jpg

Motion Capture Image (Bottom Left Image)
http://lukebeech.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/gollum.gif

Motion Capture Image (Top Right Image)
http://images2.fanpop.com/image/photos/11500000/motion-capture-avatar-11559236-1000-1236.jpg

Motion Capture Image (Bottom Right Image)
http://comicattack.net/wp-conten-t/uploads/2013/03/Pic-9.jpeg

Pixar Studios Image (Top Image)
http://images3.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20080715232145/pixar/images/3/38/Pixar_Animation_Studios.jpg

RenderMan Image (Top)
http://cdn.studiodaily.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/630_renderman.jpg

RenderMan Image (Bottom)
http://www.fxguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/2011_pixar_renderman.jpg

Beauty and the Beast Image
http://static1.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20121006213311/disney/images/6/6e/Beauty_and_the_Beast_(Diamond_Edition_2010).jpg

Weta Digital Image
http://static2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20110616165460/planetoftheapes/images/0/09/Weta.jpg

Digital Domain Image
http://eat3d.com/files/imagecache/blog_content/blog_images/DD.jpg

The Lion King Image
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-HsyrvXTpVGw/TxwJiKH-1WI/AAAAAAAAFdw/3fJzSZmos_s/s1600/The%252BLion%252BKing%252B4.jpg

Toy Story Image
http://cdn.gowatchit.com/posters/original/ToyStory-Poster.jpg

Toy Story 2 Image
http://static1.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20121227181330/barbie-movies/images/c/c0/Toy_Story_2.jpg

Toy Story 3 Image
http://www.impawards.com/2010/posters/toy_story_three_ver10.jpg

Toy Story of Terror Image
http://assets1.ignimgs.com/2013/10/16/toy-story-of-terror-posterjpg-884509_160w.jpg

Halo Image (Top Image)
http://www.blondenerd.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/halo-CE.jpg

Halo Image by Bungie (Bottom Image)
http://th00.deviantart.net/fs70/PRE/i/2011/187/1/c/halo__bungie_the_creators_by_danyvaderday-d3l821k.jpg

King Kong Image (Left Image)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/6a/Kingkong_bigfinal1.jpg

Peter Jackson Image (Right Image)
http://synthesis.net/wp-content/uploads/2007/11/peterjackson.jpg

Avatar Image (Top Image)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/b0/Avatar-Teaser-Poster.jpg/220px-Avatar-Teaser-Poster.jpg

James Cameron (Middle Image)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/JamesCameronHWOFOct2012.jpg

James Cameron w/ Technology Image (Left Image)
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-bJk_HOz-1dA/UiT27XMGCQI/AAAAAAAAALI/D_Vtks2oIzo/s1600/j3.jpg

James Cameron w/ Technology Image (Right Image)
http://pic.66wz.com/0/00/99/79/997926_616573.jpg

Avatar 2 Image (Top Image)
http://sabready.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/avatar-2-movie-wallpaper.jpg

Avatar Image – W/ James Cameron (Bottom Image)
https://static.squarespace.com/static/51b3dc8ee4b051b96ceb10de/51ce6099e4b0d911b4489b79/51ce61e7e4b0d911b44a51d6/1308677169041/1000w/jamescameron-avatar-sequel.jpg



A&E Television Networks, LLC. (2014). 9/11 Attacks.
History
. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks

Autodesk. (2014). Autodesk Company. Autodesk. Retrieved from http://usa.autodesk.com/company/

Digital Domain 3.0. (2014). Digital Domain. Digital Domain 3.0. Retrieved from http://digitaldomain.com/

Disney. (n.d.). Toy Story. Toy Story Disney. Retrieved from http://toystory.disney.com/

Furniss, Maureen. (n.d.). Motion Capture. Mit communications forum. Retrieved from http://web.mit.edu/comm-forum/papers/furniss.html

Guardian News and Media. (2013). James Cameron to use underwater motion capture for Avatar sequels. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/film/2013/apr/08/james-cameron-avatar-sequels

IMDb. (2014). Beauty and the Beast. IMDb. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0101414/

IMDb. (2014). King Kong. IMDb. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0360717/

IMDb. (2014). The Lion King. IMDb. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0110357/

Lucasfilm Ltd. Companies. (2010). Industrial Light & Magic. Industrial Light & Magic. Retrieved from http://www.ilm.com/

Microsoft Corporation. (2013). Halo Waypoint. Game Halo Official Site – Halo Waypoint. Retrieved from https://www.halowaypoint.com/en-US/games

Pixar. (2012). Pixar. Pixar Studios. Retrieved from http://www.pixar.com/

Redd, Nola Taylor. (2012). Apollo 11: First Men on the Moon.
Space.com
. Retrieved from http://www.space.com/16758-apollo-11-first-moon-landing.html

Silicon Station. (2013). Avatar – The Film And Technology. Silicon Station. Retrieved from http://siliconstation.com/avatar-film-technology/

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation. (n.d.). James Cameron’s Avatar. James Cameron’s Avatar. Retrieved from http://www.avatarmovie.com/index.html

Weta Digital. (2014). Weta Digital. Weta Digital. Retrieved from http://www.wetafx.co.nz/


1969
Apollo 11: First Men on the Moon
"That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
One of the most famous quotes in history:
This historical event (July 21, 1969) changed humanity's perspective and limits. Humanity has surpassed the challenge of sending men to the moon. This accomplishment influenced society as a whole.
2001
Another major historical event that influenced the entire world, especially America, were the September 11th attacks. "September 11, 2001, was the deadliest day in history for New York City firefighters: 343 were killed." This day will be one of the most memorable, if not, the most memorable in America's history . This day changed the lives of many people all over the world.
Connection
"Animation has been around a long time. We're finding more and more cave drawings in which animals have multiple limbs, giving the impression of motion"
Link between Ancient Art and Animation
http://video.pbs.org/video/2271753244/
OFF BOOK: The Art of Animation and Motion Graphics
Full transcript