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Mental Illness

Different levels and types of mental Illnesses

Andrew Sorensen

on 28 April 2011

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Transcript of Mental Illness

Mental Illness It is a health condition that changes aperson's thinking, feelings, or behavior that causes ditress and difficulty in functioning Words associated with mental illnesses:
-maniac -loony bin
-psychotic -funny farm
-killer -insane asylum
-lunatic Stigmas are damaging words that are used to describe a mental illness, and are often a mark of disgrace or shame. WARINING SINGS of a mental illness:
1. personality changes- bizzare behavior or speech
2. extreme anxiety or irrational fears
3. feelings of worthlessness- can lead to social isolation
4. lack of emotion
5. lack of appetite Schizophrenia: -thought disorder characterized by a false perception of reality
-auditory and/or visual hallucinations and delusions which are often paranoid in nature
-disorganized speech
-disorganized thoughts Treatment: -therapy
-medication-antipsycotics Statistics and Facts: -affects 1 in 100 Americans between the ages of 16 to 25
-affects more men than women
-usually occurs between the ages of 17-35 Major Depression: -difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
-constant fatigue
-loss of interest in usually pleasurable activities
-inappropiate guilt or feelings of worthlessness
-recurrent thoughts of death or suicide/ suicide attempts Treatment: -hospitilization
-antidepressants Statistics and Facts -caused by chemical imbalance in brain
-number 1 physiological disorder in the World
-affects 5 in 100 Americans; more than 23 million
-problem is increasing especially in teenagers Manic Depression -alson known as bipolar disorder
-an illness in which periods of mania, depression, and normal moods alternate
-characterized by overconfidence, racing thoughts, recklessness, and need for sleep Treatment: -early treatment and education on disease will prevent major episodes
-medication; antidepressants and mood stabilizers
-tracking symptoms and sleep patterns help chart progress Statistics and Facts -affects 1 in 100 Americans
-genetically based
-caused by imbalanced brain chemicals Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: -anxiety disorder
-have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations, or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something
Treatment: -therapy
-medication; antidepressants Statistics and Facts -symptoms are usually shown by the age of 30
-about 3.3 million people in the U.S. have a form of OCD
-1/3 to 1/2 of people with an OCD find that it roots somewhere form their childhood Post Traumatic Stress Disorder -can occur after you've seen or experienced a traumatic event that involved the threat of injury or death
-type of anxiety disorder Treatment: -support groups
-therapy to help pinpoint trigger to avoid and eventually no longer be affected by Statistics and Facts -up to 100% of children who have seen a parent killed or endured sexual assault or abuse tend to develop the disorder
-7%-8% of people in the U.S. will develop post traumatic stress disorder sometime in their lives
-more than 40% of children and teens who have endured at least one traumatic event, results in the development of PTSD Phobia: - intense fear of something that, in reality, poses little or no actual danger
-most phobias develop in childhood, but can also develop in adults Treatment: -cognitive-behavioral therapy called exposure therapy
-participating model therapy Statistics and Facts: -about 75% of people are able to overcome their phobias through cognitive-behavioral therapy
-50% of women and 10% of men have some sort of phobia towards spiders
-5.3 million Americans, ages 18-54 have a social phobia Borderline Personality Disorder: -condition in which people have long-term patterns of unstable or turbulent emotions
-often cause impulsive actions and to have chaotic relationships Treatment: -individual talk therapy
-group therapy
-medications can help level mood swings and treat depression or other disorders Statistics and Facts: -about 2% of people in the U.S. have Borderline Personality Disorder
-75% of people diagnosed with the disorder are female
-69% to 75% show self-destructive behaviors like self-mutilation, eating disorders and suicide attempts Famous Person with a Mental Illness: Harrison Ford:
-suffered from depression Famous Person with a Mental Illness: Howard Hughes:
-Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Anxiety / Panic Disorder: -anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, and panic disorder
-anxiety is a normal human emotion, but when panic and anxiety symptoms escalate into anxiety attacks and panic attacks, it may be an anxiety disorder Treatment: -congitive behavioral therapy
-medication Statistics and Facts: -1 out of every 75 people Worldwide will experience a panic attack at one point in their lives
-about 42 million Americans ages 18 and older are affected by an Anxiety Disoder in a given year
-$42 billion dollars of the $148 billion Health Bill is spent on Anxiety Disorders each year in the U.S.
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