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The Battle of Spotsylvania

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Carlee Grandorff

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of The Battle of Spotsylvania

The Battle of Spotsylvania * Battle of the Spotsylvania Courthouse May 8-21 1864 Battle Dates Confederate Officers/Heros After the Battle of Wilderness Grant knew that to end the war he needed to get to Richmond. Lee anticipated this; he took the Northern Virginia army and set off to Spotsylvania to block Grant. Lee set up his men so that all paths leading to or near Richmond were blocked, and that the left flank stayed strong. After General Sedgwick was killed by a confederate sharpshooter while checking his men, General Wright was put in his place. Wright knew that the weakest point in the confederate line was at the “mule shoe”. On May 12th Union troops attack at the mule shoe.

It was known as the Bloody angle, it became one of the bloodiest battles during the Civil War. Over 20 hours of hand to hand combat took place; it was so intense that a 22 inch oak tree was cut down by gun fire. Neither Lee nor Grant thought it would have be this big of a fight and that that many men would have been lost. Grant decided to find a different route to Richmond, after gun fire stopped on both sides they retreated. The Army of Potomac was once again on their way to Richmond. Although Grant won strategically, there was no true winner of the Battle of Spotsylvania. Synopsis of Battle * May 8th general Lee's army settles in Stopsylvania *May 12th "Bloody Angle" This battle impacted the rest of the Civil War because it was a turning point. The Battle of Spotsylvania named a union general the highest ranked casualty. It held one of the worst battles during the civil war. Grant underestimated Lee’s army and lost a large amount of his own. It was almost an embarrassment do to the fact that Lee had only half the size of army as Grant. Lee also lost good fighters that could never be replaced by other soldiers. The Union lost 18,000 men, and generals. The battle of Spotsylvania also delayed the Army of Potomac in reaching Richmond where Grant suspected to end the war. Locations of battle * Spotsylvania, Virginia * Spotsylvania Courthouse * Fields around the Spotsylvania Courthouse *(Spotsylvania Country) Union General Robert E. Lee Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant Maj. General George G. Meade Confederate Union * 52,000 troops * Army of Northern Virginia * Casualties: 12,000 * Captured/MIA: 6,000 * Army of Potomac * 100,000 troops * Casualties: 18,000 * Captured/MIA: 2,000 * Wounded: 13,000 * Wounded: 5,000 Troops * Union troops * Con. troops Army of Northern Virginia Army of Potomac * May 9th AOP reaches Lee's army Troop positioning during the battle. Lee positioned his army around the courthouse and blocked all roads in the area. Grant's was to attack the left flank and move on to Richmond. Maj. General John Sedgwick John Sedgwick became the highest ranked Union casualty. He was killed in action by a confederate sharpshooter. The Battle of Spotsylvania had a different outcome than most battles. The Bloody Angle made an even larger amount of casualties than the other fights taken place during the Battle of Spotsylvania. Lee knew that when Grant reaches Richmond the war would soon come to an end. Neither side wanted to lose more men they stopped fire and left the courthouse. The Army of Potomac then continued onto Richmond. Outcome Wounded soldiers both Union and Confederate waiting for the doctor. Major Strategic Moves Confederates Union * Block all paths to Richmond * Advance to Richmond; end war * Occupy the courthouse * Try to beat Lee to the courthouse * Attack Lee's left flank Bloody Angle Strategic Move Map Map * To get Grant to Attack left flank * Attack the "Mule Shoe" * Capture 4,000 men * Lee orders men to abandon Mule Shoe * New line on top of the Silent; Grant stopped for 5 days * 52,000 troops *100,000 troops Bibliography "Battle of Spotsylvania concludes — History.com This Day in History — 5/19/1864." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-of-spotsylvania-concludes>. "The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21, 1864)." http://web.campbell.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <web.campbell.edu/faculty/Slattery/BattleBrief-CivilWar.pdf>. "Battle Summary: Spotsylvania Court House, VA." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va048 "Battle of the Spotsylvania." The Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/battle-of-spotsylvania.htm>. "Battle of Spotsylvania, 8-21 May 1864." Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_spotsylvania "American Civil War Battle of Spotsylvania pictures - photos & art pics." American Civil War Pictures & Photos | Old Photos of the War Between the States. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <http://www.americancivilwarphotos.com/category/battles/battle-spotsylvania>. "The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Official Records and Battle Description." The American Civil War Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2012. <http://www.civilwarhome.com/spotsylvaniacourthouse Impact of battle *Artillery- 13,000 *Calvary-12,000 *Infantry- 75,000 Troop Count *Infantry-50,000 *Calvary-1,900 *Artillery-100
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