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Biomes

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christiana schmidt

on 30 August 2016

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Transcript of Biomes

Biomes
What are the effects of climate?
Climate is the typical weather over a period of time in a certain area.
For example, a climate in a tropical rainforest could be hot, humid, and rainy.
Weather is the atmospheric condition at specific time and place.
For example, weather in Chattanooga, TN right now is windy, sunny, and 92 degrees.

Tundra

Boreal Forest
Temperate woodland and shrubland
Temperate grassland
Christiana Schmidt
Latitude is the distance on any point of the Earth's surface, North or South. It is measured in degrees and greatly effects climate. Because of the Earth's 23 degree tilt, not every point on the Earth is the same distance away from the sun. This causes different places to have different temperatures which result in different climates.
Average temp : -34 to -12 degrees celcius
Average precipitation : 15 to 25 cm per year


Plant species : short grasses, shrubs
Animal species : caribuo, polar bears, birds, insects, wolves, salmon, trout
Specific geographic location :
General geographic location :
Abiotic factors : soggy summers, permafrost, cold and dark much of the year
The term tundra comes from the Russian term
"treeless plain".
In the summer there is 7 weeks of nonstop sunlight,
as for winter there are 7 weeks of darkness.
Average temp: -54 to -21 degrees celcius
Average rainfall : 30-84 cm per year

Plant species: spruce and fir trees, deciduous
trees, small shrubs
Animal species: birds, moose, beavers, deer,
wolverines, mountain lions
General geographic location:
Specific geographic location:
Abiotic factors: summers are short and moist,
winters are long cold and dry
Temperate forest
Average temp : -30 to 30 degrees celcius
Average rainfall : -30 to 30 degrees celcius
Plant species: oak, beech, and maple trees, shrubs
Animal species: squirrels, rabbits,skunks, birds,deer,
foxes, black bears
Specific geographic location:
General geographic location:
Abiotic factors: well defined seasons, summers
are hot, winters are cold
The word deciduous means "fall down", which is what the leaves do during the fall. This biome is on every continent except Antarctica.
Average temp: 10-40 degrees celcius
Average rainfall : 38-100 cm per year
Plant species: evergreen shrubs, corn oak
Animal species: foxes, jackrabbits,birds, bobcats,
coyotes, lizards, snakes, butterflies
Specific geographic loaction:
General geographic location:
Abiotic factors: summers are very hot and dry,
winters are cool and wet
This biome has nutrient poor soils. The growth
of low lying plants that contain flammable oils that
causes a constant threat.
Average temp: -40 to 38 degrees celcius
Average rainfall: 50-89 cm per year
Plant species: grasses and herbs
Animal species: gazelles, bison, horses, lions, deer, mice, coyotes, foxes, wolves,birds, quail, snakes,grasshoppers, spiders

Specific geographic location:
General geographic location:
Abiotic factors: summers are hot, winters are cold, moderate rainfall, fires possible
This biome is normally located between a forest and a
desert. Grasslands surround every desert in Asia.
Desert
Average temp: High (20-49 degrees celcius)
Low (-18 to 10 degrees celcius)
Average rainfall: 2-26 cm per year
Plant species: cacti, joshua trees, succulents
Animal species: lizards, bobcats, birds, tortoises, rats,
antelope, desert toads

Specific geographic location:
General geographic location:
Abiotic factors: varying temperatures, low rainfall
Although daytime temperatures of the desert can get very hot, nightime can get extremely cold. The original meaning of the word desert means "abandoned place".
Tropical Savanna
Average temp: 20-30 degrees celcius
Average rainfall: 50-130 cm per year
Plant species: grasses and scattered trees
Animal species: lions, hyenas, cheetahs, elephants, giraffes,
zebras, birds, insects,
Specific geographic location:
General geographic location:
Abiotic factors: summers are hot and rainy, winters are cool and dry
Tropical seasonal forest
Average temp: 20-25 degrees celcius
Average rainfall: more than 200 cm per year
Plant species: deciduous and evergreen trees, orchids, mosses
Animal species: elephants, tigers, monkeys, koalas, frogs, spiders
Specific geographic location:
General geographic location:
Abiotic factors: rainfall is seasonal
It's sometimes called the "tropical dry forest" because of the rainfall being seasonal.
Tropical rainforest
Average rainfall: 200-1000 cm per year
Average temp:24-27 degrees celcius
Plant species: broadleaf evergreens, bamboo, sugar cane
Animal species: chimpanzees, bengal tigers, elephants, orangutangs, bats, toucans, sloth, cobra snakes
Specific geographic location:
General geographic location:
Abiotic factors: humid all year, hot and wet
Highest rate of rainfall than any other biome.
22% of all natural medicines came from the rainforest.
Winds affects on climate in biomes?
winds are created from temperature imbalances
winds moves warm air to cold places and visa versa
therefore winds change the temperature in an area, which changes climate
Earth's ocean currents affects on climate?
currents transfer cold water to warm areas and warm water to cold areas
this stabilizes water temp which affects the climate
Greenhouse affect on climate in biomes?
Earth's surface is warmed by the greenhouse affect
global warming traps the heat in which warms the climate
Human impact on climate?
burning of fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere
humans contribute to releasing greenhouse gases
How does latitude and altitude impact climate and other abiotic factors?

increase in altitude results in colder temperatures
resemble community similar to tundra
Polar regions are located around the tundra at high altitudes.
polar regions are cold all year
coldest temperature ever recorded was -89 degrees celcius
still able to support
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