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Transcript of GREEK ART
PERIODS IN GREEK HISTORY
900-700 BC GEOMETRIC PERIOD
600-480 BC ARCHAIC PERIOD
480-300 BC CLASSICAL PERIOD- Characterized by human form in motion
300-146 BC HELLENISTIC PERIOD
Temples were dwelling places for the gods, who looked and often acted like humans
They believed the gods controlled the universe and it was their highest goal was to do what the gods wanted.
GREEK VASE DECORATION
Greek vases provide a record of the painting styles and of life in ancient Greece.
There were many of these because they were used for
The Decline of the Greeks
After the decline of Greek power, Greek art was continued by the Romans
Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
Built in 447 bc by the Athenian leader Pericles using money from the national treasury
Uses what is known as a
Post-and- Lintel construction
(a sloping roof and a colonnade)
3 Orders of Decorative Style
1. The Doric Order
2. The Ionic Order: reflective of rams horns
3. The Corinthian Order: most elaborate; design derived from a plant
ANCIENT ROMAN ART
The Greek Influence
Much of Roman art was copied from the Greeks.
well-born and cultured Romans exhibited a great admiration for Greek art forms
-Roman considered the heirs of
Greek art, but made their own
contributions as well
Homes included large murals on the walls which often portrayed the world around them as accurately as possible
Murals: large picture painted directly on the wall
Temples were erected that copied the Greeks, but differed to satisfy their own needs
For example, the Greeks used columns for structural support
Romans added them as
decoration not necessarily
for structural purposes
The round arch improved on the post-and lintel system that the Greeks used.
Romans constructed arches that would be held in place with a wooden form until a Keystone, or top stone of the arch, could be put in place
Stonehenge is an
early example of the
dating as early as 4000 BC
The Roman Colosseum
The Roman Colosseum or Coliseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre,
was commisioned in AD 72 by Emperor Vespasian.
Roman gladiators were usually slaves, prisoners of war or condemned criminals. Most were men, but there were a few female gladiators. These combats were attended by the poor, the rich, and frequently the emperor himself. One contest after another was staged in the course of a single day. Should the ground become too soaked with blood, it was covered over with a fresh layer of sand and the performance went on.
The gladiatorial games continued until Christianity progressively put an end to those parts of them which included the death of humans.
Just outside the Coliseum is the Arch of Constantine
(Arco di Costantino), a 25m high monument built in
AD 315 to mark the victory of Constantine over Maxentius at Pons Milvius.
Designed as a temple dedicated to all the Roman gods, it was later converted into a Christian church.
A system that carried water from mountain streams into cities by using gravitational flow, was created by placing a series of arches next to each other so they would support
Eleven Aqueducts were built in and around Rome. These ranged in length from 10 to 60 miles long and carried about 270 million gallons of water into the city each day.
Since its production the Pantheon has been in near-continuous use; therefore, it is excellent condition today.
Made of brick and concrete the huge inner dome soars to a height of 144 feet above the floor.
There are 5 niches, or recesses in the wall which may have contained statues dedicated to the Roman gods of the five known planets.
The dome above represented heaven
The dome is covered
with Coffers: Indented panels
These coffers were more than just a decorative touch; they reduced the weight of the dome
Among the most popular of public buildings were baths. They were vast enclosed structures that contained libraries, lecture rooms, gymnasiums, shops, restaurants, and pleasant walkways
It was also used as a public swimming pool intended for hygiene
It contained a series of rooms where each rooms pool had a change in temperature. One could move from
one room to the next starting at
very hot ranging down to cool.