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Transcendentalism

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Rachelle Cuyos

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of Transcendentalism

Objectives of Transcendentalism Transcendentalists spawned a literary movement that stressed Americans ideas based on: Causes Summary Transcendentalism - a philosophical & literary movement that emphasized living a simple life and celebrated the truth found in nature and in personal emotion & imagination. Tactics & Strategies Successes & Failures •Their creation of Unitarianism, which appealed to many free thinkers of the time.
•Thoreau’s impact on literature with his book, Walden.
•The establishment of utopian communities and shaker communities.
•The shaker community was destined for failure due to the fact that they vowed not to marry or have children. They relied solely on converters and adopted children to keep their communities going.
•In the 1840’s, there were 6,000 shakers and by 1999 only about 7 were left in the United States. Key Figures & People Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) By Rachelle Cuyos, Natalie Angelo,
Lauren Murtagh, Kristen Pilchick Explore Transcendentalism Key Events Primary Sources: Nature - Ralph Emerson Waldo Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) Optimism
Freedom
Self-reliance & self-wisdom
Independence of the mind
Strength & Courage
Nature & its meaning
Social Reform Works Cited "Transcendentalism, Religion, and Utopian Movements." - AP U.S. History Topic Outlines. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
"Margaret Fuller." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Feb 14 2013, 09:43 http://www.biography.com/people/margaret-fuller-9303889.
Reuben, Paul P. "Chapter 4: American Transcendentalism: A Brief Introduction." PAL: Perspectives in American Literature- A Research and Reference Guide. URL: http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap4/4intro.html
Jamesford. "The Transcendentalist Club." Monkey Mind. N.p., 18 Sept. 2007. Web. 17 Feb. 2013.
Aboukhadijeh, Feross. "Transcendentalism, Religion, and Utopian Movements" StudyNotes.org. StudyNotes, Inc., 17 Nov. 2012. Web. 17 Feb. 2013. <http://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/topics/transcendentalism-religion-and-utopian-movements/>.
"Henry Thoreau's Cabin at Walden Pond, 1845." Henry Thoreau's Cabin at Walden Pond, 1845. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2013.
"The Dial Magazine: 1920-1929A Brief History." The Dial Magazine: History and Bibliography. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2013.
Reuben, Paul P. "Chapter 4: American Transcendentalism: A Brief Introduction." PAL: Perspectives in American Literature- A Research and Reference Guide. URL: http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap4/4intro.html
Danzer, Gerald A., Jorge Klor De Alva, Larry S. Kriegar, Louis E. Wilson, and Nancy Woloch. "Chapter 8." The Americans. By McDougal Littell. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2003. 240-47. Print.
"Thoreau, Emerson, and Transcendentalism What Is Transcendentalism? Reasons for the Rise of the Movement." Thoreau, Emerson, and Transcendentalism: What Is Transcendentalism?: Reasons for the Rise of the Movement. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013.
Mignon, Charles W., and H. Rose. CliffsNotes on Emerson's Essays. 19 Feb 2013<http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature/id-95.html>. Henry David Thoreau
(1817-1862) Transcendentalists mainly used the form of protest called Civil Disobedience Henry David Thoreau's acts of civil disobedience: living in the cabin at Walden Pond 1836 Nature by Ralph Waldo Emerson is published
The Transcendental Club is established Thank you for watching
our presentation! Walden: Or Life in the Woods published by Henry David Thoreau 1854 1840 The Dial, a transcendental magazine starts begins publications 1845 Thoreau moves to Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts to live in a small cabin to experience solitary living for 2 & a half years. Ralph Emerson published Nature in 1836
The Transcendental Club
The Dial, a transcendental magazine
Ideas easily spread through literature "Concerned initially with how we reflect on solitude, the stars, and the grandeur of nature, this chapter turns from the universal world, symbolized in the stars that Emerson views at night, and focuses on how we perceive objects around us. Emerson speaks of the landscape in which he walks and how he, as a poet, can best integrate all that he sees. What is most important in this sequence is the similar ways we perceive the various objects — stars, the landscape, and the poet.
Emerson's gazing at stars is an example of nightly rediscovering the eternal — making each experience new — and continues the theme of progress from the introduction. Added to this theme is a second one, the theme of accessibility. Using stars as symbols of the universe, Emerson states that we take stars for granted because they are always present in our lives, no matter where we live. However, although they are accessible because we can see them, they are also inaccessible: Their distance from us makes them more elusive than we might imagine." "To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile." (Chapter 1, Paragraph 1) Cliff Notes' Analysis
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