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The Aboriginal Flag
Transcript of The Aboriginal Flag
History / Year 3 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / Community and Remembrance:
Days and weeks celebrated or commemorated in Australia (including Australia Day, ANZAC Day, Harmony Week, National Reconciliation Week, NAIDOC week and National Sorry Day) and the importance of symbols and emblems (ACHHK063)
Many regional councils, schools and individuals are proud to fly both the Australian national flag and the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander flag as recognition of the country's history and shared future.
Toress Strait Islander Flag
The Torres Strait islander flag was designed by Bernard Nomopk from Thursday Island.
The flag was first flown in 1992 and was given legal recognition in 1995 (same year at the Aboriginal Flag).
It has horizontal bands of green and blue (green representing land and blue, seas) which are separated by black, which represents people. The flag also has a Dori which is a traditional headdress and represent culture. Lastly the flag has a 5 white 5 pointed star that represent the five island groups.
Recreate own Aboriginal Flag (Crayon, Paint, Materials)
Create own flag, representing the class. What does it stand for? Why? What elements of the flag demonstrate this?
Create Timeline of the Aboriginal Flag History.
2013 and Beyond
The flag was first flown at Victoria Square in Adelaide on National Aborigines Day, 12 July 1971
Cathy Freeman draped both the Aboriginal and Australian flag around her when she won gold at the 1994 Commonwealth games.
The flag was chosen as the official flag for the Aboriginal Tent Embassy and was first flown there in 1972.
On 14th July, 1995, the Australian Government proclaimed the flag as an official 'Flag of Australia' under section 5 of the Flags Act 1953.
In 1997, Harold Thomas was recognised as the author of the artistic work under the Copyright Act 1968.
2000 - Today
The Aboriginal Flag
Black: Represents the Aboriginal people of Australia
Red: Represents the red earth, (red also recognises ochre which is used by Aboriginal people in ceremonies)
Yellow: Represents the Sun, the giver of life and protector
Discussion- Australian flag and Aboriginal flag
Link with famous well-know Aboriginal Australians
Grades: 3, 4
Aboriginal flag timeline
The Aboriginal flag was designed by Harold Thomas, a Luritja man from Central Australia.
It was created as a symbol of unity and national identity for Aboriginal people during the land rights movement of the early 1970's.
Some Helpful Websites
History National Curriculum
1. Generating a list of local, state and national symbols and emblems (for example club emblems, school logos, flags, floral emblems, coat of arms) and discussing their origins and significance
2. Examining the symbolism of flags (for example the Australian, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags) and recognising special occasions when they are flown (for example all three flags are flown during NAIDOC week, National Reconciliation Week, National Sorry Day and MABO day)
Aboriginal Studies Press. (2008). The Little Red Yellow Back Book: An introduction to Indigenous Australia. Canberra: Author.
Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority. History. Retrieved July 27, from http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/History/Curriculum/F-10
Australian Government (2013). Indigenous Australian Flag. Retrieved Jul 23, 2013, from http://www.naidoc.org.au/celebrating-naidoc-week/indigenous-australian-flags/
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Studies. The Aboriginal Flag. Retrieved July 24,2013, from (http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/fastfacts/aboriginalflag.html
Carrol., & Richardson (2012). Aboriginal Flag. Retrieved July 24, 2013, from http://www.aboriginalflag.com.au/history.html
Crawford, J., & Tantiprasit, L. (2003). Australian Aboriginal Culture. Australia: R.I.C Publications.