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What is HIV & AIDS? - Youth presentation

AIDS Programs South Saskatchewan

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Transcript of What is HIV & AIDS? - Youth presentation

CD4+ cells & HIV

CD4 cells or T-cells are the “bosses” of the immune system. These are the cells that send signals to activate your body’s immune response when they detect “intruders,” like viruses or bacteria.

Because of the important role these cells play in how your body fights off infections, it’s important to keep their numbers up in the normal ranges. This helps to prevent HIV-related complications.

HIV & the Immune System
Your immune system helps to protect the body from infection and disease

When HIV enters the body, it must enter a cell to live and reproduce

A favorite type of cell in your body that the HIV virus likes to attack is the CD4 cell
There is NO cure for HIV. Once you get HIV, you have it for life.

There are medications that you can take that can keep you healthy for a long time.

Anti-HIV drugs have to be taken every day. They cannot get rid of HIV, but they can keep it under control
What does AIDS stand for?
What is AIDS?
HIV can cause the very serious illness AIDS

AIDS is the end stages of HIV, when the body is no longer able to fight off other illnesses and diseases
AIDS Programs South Saskatchewan
Kasey Mahnic

What is HIV & AIDS?
All about HIV
What does HIV stand for?
HIV is a virus that can make you sick
HIV weakens your immune system, your bodies built in defense against disease and illness
Without HIV treatment, your immune system can

become too weak to fight off serious illnesses, and you

can become sick with life threatening infections
HIV & AIDS are NOT the same thing
You can have HIV and live your whole life and not get AIDS
You can have HIV and get AIDS right away
If your immune system gets weak enough from the HIV, you can get very sick from other infections. These are called “opportunistic infections” meaning they take opportunity of a weak immune system.
How do I get HIV?
HIV is transmitted through DIRECT CONTACT with the blood or bodily fluid of someone who is infected with the virus
How do I get HIV?
HIV infections happen when ENOUGH HIV from an HIV+ person gets into an HIV- persons body
3 body fluids contain enough virus to infect someone else:
Bodily fluids (semen, vaginal fluid)
Breast milk
HIGH RISK activities...
Unprotected sex

Sharing Used Needles (this includes tattoo and body piercing)

During childbirth and breast feeding (from a positive mother to her child)
Safer sex
Alternative Methods- cuddle, fondle, kiss
Don’t share needles whether for tattoos, piercing, drug use or steroids
Don’t share toothbrushes, razors or nail clippers
Know your partner
Get tested together
Knowledge and education
You CANNOT get HIV from...
Spit, snot, tears
Casual contact (sneezing, holding hands, touching door knobs, toilet seats, water fountains)
Hugs and kisses
Swimming pools
Towels or bed sheets
Forks, spoons, cups, food
Insect or animal bites
Universal precautions
Wear gloves
Wash clothes
Cover cuts
Wash hands
Discard garbage
Clean up spills
How do I know if I have HIV?
The only way to know for sure is to GET TESTED!!
Blood test is the only way of telling for sure

HIV blood test needs to be asked for, it is not part of a routine blood test

You need to give “informed consent” to get an HIV test
Places to get tested in Regina
Your doctors office
Sexual Health Office - 2110 Hamilton St. Ph: 766-7618 (by appointment)
AIDS Programs South Saskatchewan - 2911 5th Avenue Ph: 924-8420 (Thursday afternoons)
Carmichael Outreach - 1925 Osler Street Ph: 757-2235 (Thursday afternoons)
Saskatchewan Statistics 2012
Saskatchewan Ministry of Health Population Health Branch
Rates by gender
HIV & males
HIV & females
Identified risk factors
What can we do?
Live "HIV Neutral"

HIV Neutral is a state of mind, regardless of your status, in which you are informed and aware of the constantly evolving state of HIV/AIDS
living a "neutral" lifestyle is being a visible advocate in the fight to end HIV and the stigma that strengthens it
it is putting emphasis on the humanity of all people and not casting judgement because of their status, positive or negative
it is standing up, speaking out and educating others

Thank you for your time!

Today, stigma continues to cause major problems for those who are living with HIV/AIDS.
Stigma refers to an unfavorable “mark” place on a person or a group. The mark is made up of the attitudes, beliefs, and policies directed toward that person or group by others because of a perceived characteristic of the person or group.

Based on “A Plan of Action: for Canada to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination” prepared by Theodore de Bruyn for the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network 2004 and "Fueling the Epidemic: HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination" by the Interagency Coalition on AIDS and Development 2012.

External stigmatization refers to stigmatization of other people or by other people. For example, people stigmatize people living with HIV/AIDS when they:
-Do not want to share dishes, equipment or other objects with them
-Do not want to touch them or be close to them
-Do not want to spend time with them
-Pressure them to leave their home
-Pressure them to leave some social setting
-Think it is their own fault for contracting HIV
-Judge them as being “immoral” or “irresponsible” or “sinful”

Internal stigmatization- also called “self stigma” or “felt stigma”- refers to ways that people stigmatize themselves. For example, people living with HIV/AIDS may feel that they:
-Are somehow guilty or dirty
-Are a threat to other people’s health
-Need to withdraw socially to protect themselves
-Cannot have intimate relations with someone else
-Must work harder than other people in order to prove themselves

How many CD4 cells should a healthy person have?
HIV in Saskatchewan compared to Canada
Full transcript