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Favela Gangs of Rio De Janiero

Introspective Look at the Favela Gangs of Rio de Janiero

Greg Gullion

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of Favela Gangs of Rio De Janiero

Hello Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro Facts:
* Capital City of Brazil
* Population 6.3 million (Favelas not counted)
* 600+ Favela Gangs-Operate with Impunity
* Pacification Programs Ongoing
* Vast Drug Epidemic!
One of the highest crime rates in Latin America

* Home to over 300 Favela (ShantyTown) Gangs

* Statelets (Little Police Presence)

* Murder rate in comparative perspective (2010)

Brazil = 26.9/100,000

United States = 5.5/100,000

* Overcrowding and dire prison conditions

* Prison population (360,000) (4th in world)

* Brazil comes in 2nd in highest gun-related deaths

* 96% of crime is unsolved . Why?

*Typical Crime Targets: Tourists (Hello 2016 Olympics)
Perspective: Crime in Brazil Relative to the Rest of the World.
Types of Rio Crime:
* Drug Trafficking and Violence
* Robbery
* Quicknapping
* Theft of city bus clientale
* Carjacking
* Political Corruption ($)
* Police Corruption ($)
Daily Life in the Favelas?
Gang Recruitment:

* Target young children- 8 yrs old to teens* Why? Get out of jail sooner because minor

* Three main jobs
Look-outs Dealers Soldiers
Favela = Slums
Rocinha is the biggest favela in Rio De Janeiro
135 gangs
People on top of people
Utility Theft is Rampant!
Amateur Electrician Work
Outcome? = Take a Guess!!
Death rates in Rocinha are 3 times higher than rest of Rio.
High Rates of Death
High Rates of Drug Addiction!
Ranked #9 in the World
Infant Mortality Rate (2010)
21.17 per 1,000
Rank 81 in the world!
Maternal Mortality
58 per 1,000

* Five Brazilian cities rank among the 15 most violent in Latin America
* Murder rate in comparative perspective (2010)
Brazil = 26.9/100,000 (Non-developed)
United States = 5.5/100,000 (Developed)
* Overcrowding and dire prison conditions
* Prison population (360,000) 4th in world
* Brazil comes in 2nd in highest gun-related deaths
1st??? Be Careful! :)
*Massive Wealth inequality distribution

*Out of population of 190 million, roughly 50 million live in poverty

* Poverty in favelas
Water Insecurity
Food Insecurity

* Social deprivation
75% have no access to gov. services
25% have no library - Big Program!
82% have no access to school -
8% illiteracy rate

*Hence, trapped = Crime and Vice
SocioEconomic Causes of Crime in Rio

History of Police Corruption!!!!!
* Gangs Function like "statelets" in Brazil

* No Fear! They own the neighborhoods

*Citizens typically stay quite and do not trust politicians, police nor the military.
Gang Recruitment :
Target young children- 8 yrs old to teens
Get out of jail sooner because minor

Three main jobs:
Five Major Gangs in Rio

Red Command CV
Pure Third Command

Amigos dos Amigos
First Capital Command
Capixaba Mafia
"God Heals, Frees and Saves"
Attempt by church to save and divert
Favela Gangs Fighting for the People?
No Robin Hoods!
Have you been there?
*Lost Bullets (balas perdidas)
Culture of Fear is Strong, hence Culture of Violence
*Perception of favelas as war zones!
* Insecurity and Uncertainty Pervading!
Pacification Programs
Commando Vermelho
Massive Police Incursions since 2012
Do not let the art fool you!!

Rio is at War With Itself!!!
Home of CV
6000+ Teens Involved in gangs
80% dead before age 21 (Rio Stats, '12)
406 Murdered in August 2013 alone in Rio
Police known to Kidnap well known Favela Gangsters and hold them for ransom. $15,000 = Average
Lets put a face to the label - Favela Gangster
Major Events Back to Back!
Call of Duty
Favela Wars
Fast Five
Why Growth in Favelas?
*Coined in 1800
Massive Growth in 1950!
Eradication Programs in 1970!
Pacifying Programs in 2010 - 2015

* Increased since 1995 -Poverty
Economic Planning is #1

* 11.3 million live in Favelas!

* Class Disparity - No middle Class
*Rich - own 80%
*Poor - own 20%

Shanty Towns

Spontaneous Settlements
Lack of Planned Infrastructure
Over 600 in Rio Alone!
Making Ends Meet
Gang Wars!

Favela Wars!

Law Enforcement Pacify Wars!
Death Rates 3 Times Higher!!!
6000+Teens Involved in gangs
80% dead before 18!
Disenfranchised youth
Who are the "Dogs of War?"
Evangelistic Movement!!!
Daily Stream of Life!!!
Should Rio Officials Worry?
Each Favela has "Protectors"
How Many?

One is too Many!
Alan Turnowski
Congrats to Andre!!!
23 3/4 Pound Baby!! Nice!
Compensation Programs
Economic Development
Civilian Guns...Total 16-17 Million!!!
(Brazil Gun Policy 2014)
Full transcript