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pronouns 101

By: Aiden Clabby
by

Kathleen Clabby

on 27 March 2013

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Transcript of pronouns 101

Pronouns and antecedents. Welcome! *Pronouns are words that replace a noun in a sentence. Here is an example of a pronoun in a sentence.

The book was good. It was good.

Here "book" is the noun, and "it" is the pronoun replacing "book". By: Aiden Clabby pronouns 101 Welcome to.... Hello! I will teach you all about pronouns today.You will be learning about 8 different kinds of pronouns. There will be examples for you to look at and questions for you to answer. A pronoun is a part of speech that takes the place of a noun. We use pronouns all the time, but sometimes we don't use them correctly. So, lets get started! More Pronouns and antecedent! More Pronouns And Antecedents *Antecedents are the nouns that the pronouns refers to. A pronoun has to agree with its antecedent [plural and singular]. Here is an example of a pronoun and its antecedent in one sentence:

George went to a baseball game and he ate a hot dog.

Here "George" is the antecedent and "he" is the pronoun.

*But sometimes there could be two antecedents for each pronoun. Here is an example:

Ryan and Abby had collected many newspapers, They decide to make a scrapbook.

Here "Ryan and Abby" are the antecedents and "They" is the pronoun. More pronouns and antecedents *The antecedent does not always have to be in the same sentence as the pronoun. Here is an example:

Luke ate the cookie. It was chocolate chip.

In this example "cookie" is the antecedent and "it" is the pronoun.

*Singular pronouns always refer to one person or thing and plural pronouns always refer to more than one person or thing. Questions for you Write each pronoun, then write it's antecedent. ex. Are Danny and Logan still here, or did they leave?
They, Danny and Logan 1. The announcer for the game is Larry. He did very well.
2. Dan was injured, but he still played.
3. The fans roared when they saw the touchdown.
4. Alicia sang the national anthem, then she left.
5. Bob and Joe were the players of the game. They got there awards after the game ended.
6. A guy kicked 4 field goals, and he made them all.
7. Dan ran 70 yards, but he fumbled the ball before he could get the touchdown.
8. Antwan swatted the ball out of the air, and it landed on the ground.
9. Keshawn scored a touchdown and he did a touchdown dance.
10. Aiden bought a hotdog and he ate it in his seat. Subject and object pronouns You know that nouns can be subject or direct objects. A pronoun that replaces a subject is a subject pronoun. For example:

Joe ran the farthest. He ran the farthest.

Here "Joe" is the antecedent and "he" is the pronoun.

A pronoun that replaces a direct object is an object pronoun. An object pronoun receives the action of a verb. To, in, for, and at are commonly used before object pronouns. for example:

Kevin kicked the ball to Suzy. Kevin kicked the ball to her. Subject and object pronouns The singular subject pronouns are I, you, he, she, and it.
Ex. I ate delicious pizza. I is the singular subject pronoun

The plural subject pronouns are we, you, and they.
Ex. We had a catch. We is the plural subject pronoun.

The singular object pronouns are me, you, him, her, and it.
Ex. Beth kicked it to him. Him is the singular object pronoun.

The plural object pronouns are us, you, and them.
Ex. She punished us. Us is the plural object pronoun. Try it out Are the highlighted pronouns subject or object pronouns?
Ex. I am learning about knights. Subject. 1. In health, we learn about our families.
2. Mr. Nelson teaches us.
3. He gives us assigned seats.
4. Sometimes, my friends and I get to work together.
5. We play fun things like jeopardy and around the world.
6. He gives us tests, but only sometimes.
7. One time, I was sick, so I had to do make up work when I got back.
8. There is a skeleton in the room, but sometimes it freaks me out.
9. Our book is orange, and it is really heavy.
10. I got in trouble once, and the teacher stared at me. Warning: do not read this until you do the questions before this 1. subject
2. object
3. subject
4. subject
5. subject
6. object
7. subject
8. object
9. subject
10. object WARNING: DO NOT READ THIS UNTIL YOU ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BEFORE THIS. 1. He, Larry
2. He, Dan
3. They, fans
4. She, Alicia
5. They, Bob and Joe
6. He, a guy
7. He, Dan
8. It, the ball
9. He, Keshawn
10. He, Aiden Possessive pronoun You know that possessive nouns show ownership. pronoun can replace a possessive noun. A pronoun that shows ownership is called a possessive pronoun.
Ex. Jackson's illuminated manuscript was very good.

His illuminated manuscript was very good.

In these examples His is the possessive pronoun replacing Jackson. Possessive pronouns Some possessive pronouns are always used with nouns. Other possessive pronouns always stand alone.

With nouns: His letter was black. Our teacher is strict.

Standing alone: The letter is his. It is his, not mine.

Here is a chart to help you remember possessive pronouns. Used with nouns Used alone Possessive pronouns My
Your
His
Her
Its
Our
Their Mine
Ours
Yours
His
Hers
Its
Theirs Possessive Pronouns Do not confuse Possessive pronouns with contractions. Possessive pronouns do not have apostrophes. Possessive pronouns Contractions its (Belongs to it) it's (it is)

their (Belongs to them) they're (they are)

your (Belongs to you) you're (you are) On your own Choose the correct word in the parentheses.
Ex: During history, (their, they're) skit was the best.
their 1. We learned about knights today in social studies, and (their, they're) armor is very bright.
2. (They're, Their) swords were sharp.
3. (Its, It's) colors are very dull.
4. His monk costume was a lot better than (my, mine).
5. During (our, ours) reenactment of being monks we tried sardines.
6. (They're, Their) disgusting.
7. I'll color (my, mine) shield.
8. But only if you color (your, you're) shield.
9. (Its, It's) symbol means peace and elevation of the mind.
10. (it's, its) blue, gold, and silver. Warning: do not read this before you answer the questions before this. 1. their
2. their
3. its
4. mine
5. our
6. they're
7. my
8. your
9. its
10. it's Pronouns after linking verbs You have learned that a linking verb can join the subject of a sentence with a predicate noun. A pronoun can replace a predicate noun. Always use subject pronouns after linking verbs.
Ex: The geologists were they.
The class volunteers were he and she.

To check that the pronoun is correct, reverse the order of the sentence.
Ex: The teachers are they. They are the teachers.
The teacher for science is he. He is the science teacher. English warm-up Which pronoun is correct?
Ex: It was (they, them) who jousted.
they 1. The most religious were (her, she) and (him, he).
2. (He, Him) turned into a saint.
3. Our religion teacher is (she, her).
4. The most graceful people were (they, them).
5. It was (we, us) who gave a monologue.
6. Which of the students was (she, her)?
7. The owner of the school is (him, he).
8. The person out of uniform is (I, me).
9. That is (he, him) now.
10. It was (we, us) who presented a skit to the class. Warning: Do not read this until you read the question before this. 1. she, he
2. he
3. she
4. they
5. we
6. she
7. he
9. he
10. we Pronouns in compound You know that two or more simple subjects joined by and or or make up a compound subject. Use subject pronouns in compound subjects. If you want to include yourself as part of the compound subject, use the subject pronoun I. It is polite to mention yourself last.
Ex: She and he did the math problem on the board.
Dalton and I were the only ones to get it correct.

To check that the pronoun is correct, try using it alone as the subject. For example, drop the words Dalton and, and the sentence will still be correct. I was the only one to get it correct.
Ex: Stephen and I played basketball at recess.
I played basketball at recess.

Stephen and me played basketball at recess, wouldn't work because if you take out Stephen and it would be Me played basketball at recess, and that wouldn't work. Pronouns in compound You know that an object pronoun is used in two ways. It receives the action verb, and it is used after prepositions. Any pronoun in a compound object must be an object pronoun. Here, too, it is polite to mention yourself last.
Ex: The teacher punished Cole and me.
The church invited him, her, and me.
A detention was given to Cole and me.

To be sure the pronoun is correct, ask yourself which pronoun fits when used alone as the object. For example, drop Cole and. The teacher punished me is correct. The teacher punished I is not correct. Try it out Which pronouns are correct?
Ex: You and (I, me) are studying for reading together.
I 1. During reading, (I, me) read The Westing Game.
2. Jack and (I, me) read it together.
3. The teacher asked (she, her) for a better marker.
4. We thought that (he, him) was the bomber.
5. (We, Us) and the seventh graders live very different lives.
6. When (we, us) read The Westing Games, it was fun.
7. Our teacher gave (us, we) new books after we finished.
8. Mrs. Wilson gave (he, him) detention.
9. Chloe and (me, I) read a monologue together.
10. (They, Them) wanted to learn more. Who, Whom, and Whose The words who, whom, and whose are forms of the pronoun who. They are often used to form questions.
Here is an example using who as a subject pronoun.

Who is teaching religion today?
Who was the person that came in today?

Use whom as an object pronoun. It can be used as the object of an action verb or after prepositions.
Ex.

Whom do you talk to more often?
Whom has volunteered?
Whom is she smiling at?
To whom did she throw the ball to? Warning: Do not read this until you answer the question before this. 1. I
2. I
3. her
4. he
5. we
6. we
7. us
8. him
9. I
10. they Who, Whom, and Whose To check that whom is correct, make a statement out of the question.
ex:

Whom is she smiling at? (She is smiling at whom.)

Whose is the possessive form of the pronoun who. You often use the pronoun whose when you ask a question about ownership.
ex:

Whose run will beat the record?

Do not confuse whose and who's Whose is a possessive pronoun. Who's is a contraction of the words who and is. Remember that a possessive pronoun never has an apostrophe.
ex:

Who's the best at writing?
Whose story is this? On Your Own Which form is correct?
ex:
(Who, Whose) turned out the lights? Who 1. To (whom, whose) did she aim at?
2. (whose, who) ball is this?
3. With (whom, who) did you play kick-ball with?
4. (Who's, Whose) the teacher?
5. (Who, Whose) through the ball at me?
6. For (who, whom) are you saving this seat?
7. (Who's, Whose) was the best?
8. (Whom, Who) did he see during physical education?
9. (Who's, Whose) that knew kid?
10. (Who, Whose) holds the record for most wins? Warning: Do not read this until you answer the questions before this. 1. Whom
2. Whose
3. Whom
4. Who's
5. Who
6. Whom
7. Whose
8. Who
9. Who's
10. Who Using We and Us with nouns The pronouns we and us are often used before nouns for emphasis. Use the subject pronoun we with a subject or after a linking verb. Use the object pronoun us with a direct object or after prepositions.
ex:

With a subject: We boys are the fastest typers.
After a linking verb: The best at spelling were we girls.
With a direct object: Our teacher needs us students.
After prepositions: My classmates cheered for us teammates. Questions for you Which pronoun is correct?
ex:
The toys impressed (us, we) children. Us
1. (Us, We) student are learning to type on computers.
2. The students are (we, us) 6th graders.
3. The best was (we, us) boys.
4. Our teacher talked to (we, us) students patiently.
5. Mrs. Cadren put (us, we) boys in charge.
6. (We, Us) students were surprised by the computers speed.
7. Anyone can ask for help from (we, us) sixth graders now.
8. Our parents signed (we, us) boys up for prezi.
9. (We, Us) students loved the graphics on the computers.
10. The teacher was impressed with (we, us) students. Warning do not read this before you answer the questions before this Indefinite Pronouns You have learned that take the place of nouns. The nouns that they replace are called antecedents. However, pronouns called indefinite pronouns do not have definite antecedents. An indefinite pronoun does not refer to a specific person, place, or thing.
Ex:
Someone left there food on the table after lunch.
Does anybody need a napkin?

Some indefinite pronouns are singular and always take a singular verb. Other indefinite pronouns are plural and always take a plural verb.
ex:
Singular: Everybody is waiting for the Mrs. Wilson.
Plural: Many are excited for the lesson. 1. We
2. We
3. We
4. Us
5. Us
6. We
7. Us
8. Us
9. We
10. Us Indefinite Pronouns This chart shows the most common singular and plural indefinite pronouns. Indefinite pronouns Singular Plural Anybody Everything All
Anyone Nobody Both
Anything Nothing Few
Each Somebody Many
Everybody Someone Others
Everyone Something Several
Some English warm-up Is the indefinite pronoun in each sentence singular or plural?
Ex:
Nobody should talk during the test. Singular 1. Several people have finished the test already.
2. The others are still working on their tests.
3. Each of us didn't study as much as the other people.
4. All of us are hoping for good grades.
5. Somebody suddenly blurts out an answer.
6. That someone got in trouble.
7. After we finished everybody was stressed.
8. Each of us was exhausted.
9. I wonder if everyone knew the first answer.
10. Nothing made me doubt that I didn't get an A. Warning: do not read this before you answer the questions before this. 1. plural
2. plural
3. singular
4. plural
5. singular
6. singular
7. singular
8. singular
9. singular
10. singular That's the end With a lot of help from google images and Houghton Mifflin English book.
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