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Morality - Life Issues: IVF & Embryonic Stem-Cell Research, Euthanasia & Assisted Suicide, Just War, Capital Punishment
Transcript of Morality - Life Issues: IVF & Embryonic Stem-Cell Research, Euthanasia & Assisted Suicide, Just War, Capital Punishment
procedure involves the removal of a number of eggs from the woman, which are then fertilized in a test tube or petri dish with sperm taken from the man. One or more of the embryos are then inserted into the woman's uterus moral issues associated with IVF: * conception of human life in a laboratory setting is a gravely sinful act, contrary to the natural moral law, b/c:
it violates the dignity of the conjugal union btwn husband & wife as outlined by the Sixth & Ninth Commandments * the selection and final disposition of the fertilized embryos, each of which is a human person:
b/c more embryos than necessary are "created"...
some embryos are "destroyed" b/c they seem weaker
the unused embryos are "discarded", used for experimental purposes, or placed in a frozen state for the possibility of future IVF procedures
Reduction abortions take place * Stem Cell Therapy without the use of embryos * IVF Authentic Medicine * New Hope for Infertility (Part 1) * New Hope for Infertility (Part 2) * Embryonic Stem-Cell Research The Science of Stem Cells:
Finding Cures & Protecting Life * The Church does not oppose all forms of stem-cell research.
* The Church only opposes embryonic stem-cell research, the kind that uses
human embryos since it must be treated from conception as a person, the
embryo must be defended in its integrity, cared for, and protected as far as
possible, like any other human being. * stem-cells can readily be obtained through a number of sources other than human embryos (such as umbilical-cord blood, adult skin cells, and bone marrow) all of which involve no harm to the donor and are therefore morally permissible Stem-Cell Research In Vitro Fertilizaiton Euthanasia & Assisted Suicide * Assisted Suicide =
any action or omission of action that assists another person in causing his or her own death Just War * Jus ad bellum =
Latin for "right to war"
the criteria to be consulted before engaging in war in order to determine whether it is morally permissible & a just war * Jus in bello =
Latin for "right in war"
the limits to acceptable wartime conduct 5. Reasonable Chance of Success:
there must be grounds for believing that violence, killing, & war will achieve the desired goal of justice, protection of the lives & rights of the innocent, & the restoration of peace Jus in Bello Criteria: 6. Proportionality:
The response must be in proportion to the attack
no war remains just unless the good achieved by the use of violence & killing outweighs the harm done.
Does the good achieved by going to war outweigh the cost in lives lost, suffering, & resources?
7. Non-Combatant Immunity:
civilians must never be targeted or attacked
any act of war that is directed toward the destruction of whole cities or vast areas with inhabitants is a crime against God & humanity Capital Punishment Catholic Teaching on: Capital Punishment aka the death penalty Governmental authorities have the right to impart just punishments after due process in proportion to particular crimes
Remember, justice revenge...it's about protecting basic rights & restoring peace
The death penalty should be used only as extreme measure when it's absolutely necessary to protect society from the one convicted.
Given the prisons & security systems available in most parts of the world, especially in the U.S., the instances in which Capital Punishment would be an "absolute necessity" are very rare, if not practically non-existent. Read: page 194 Read: page 195-196
Integrity of the
Human Body IVF
Embryonic Stem-Cell Research
Euthanasia & Assisted Suicide
Capital Punishment Life Issues: Extraordinary Means Terri Schiavo Case * Extraordinary vs Ordinary Means Persistent Vegetative State * NaPro Technology =
an effective, moral, & safe alternative to IVF
works to uncover & treat underlying issues associated with infertility in order to restore fertility to its natural function
has higher pregnancy rate than IVF Jus ad Bellum
Criteria 1. Just Cause:
a grave & certain threat to life & other basic rights must exist, which requires defense 2. Right Intention:
goal must be to protect basic rights & restore peace
aim cannot be to pursue national interests 3. Legitimate Authority:
decision to go to war must be made by the nation's legitimate authority 4. Last Resort:
all non-violent means of resolving the conflict must have been tried & proven to be ineffective/unsuccessful