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Circle 8 (1-5)

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Kelsey Armand

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Circle 8 (1-5)

Circle 8 (Malebolge) Bolga 1-5
Bolgia 1
Panders and Seducers
Bolgia 2
Flatterers
Residents

Feelings-
Dante saw the horrible punishment and understood why very few sinners fought against the punishment.
Dante is curious about the soul who is hiding his face.
Guard,Appearances and Punishment
Residents
Feelings-
While Dante is explaining the horrendous sounds, he does not seem to show pity towards the souls.
The smell is unbearable for the two poets.
Dante is very curious about the soul that was hard to recognized because he was covered in poop.
Guard, Appearances, and Punishment
Bolgia 3
Residents
Connections
Pope Nicholas II was the pope when Dante was a young child.
When Dante addresses Pope Nicholas II, he originally thinks Dante is Boniface.
Feelings-
Dante feels no pity for Pope Nicholas II because he feels that he deserves the punishment he has gotten.
Dante then says that all the corrupt churchmen are idolaters.
Dante's reason for putting Pope Nicholas II in the book was not for his hatred toward the pope, but rather toward the idea of the church practices which Pope Nicholas II took part in.
Dante has hatred toward the sinners because of the corrupt things they did against God.
Dante says "How justly doth thy power judge and assign" (153) and "therefore stay as you are;this hole well fits you" (155).
Dante sings a tune and the souls begin to twitch in pain. Dante finds delight in this.
Guard, Appearances and Punishment
Bolgia 4
Residents
Feelings-
When Dante sees the punishment on the souls, he becomes overtaken by grief and pity for them but Virgil quickly dismisses this by rebuking him for his compassion. This is the first time Virgil scolds Dante for showing pity towards the sinners. Dante's pity could derive from him not being ready to see the true nature of evil.
Dante is curious if there are any souls worth noting.
Guard, Appearances, and Punishment
Bolgia 5
Residents
Feelings-
When Virgil draws Dante back because the demons are coming, Dante seems confused. Dante does not seem scared, but rather a little amazed about the demon's physical characteristics.
Once Virgil tells Dante to come out, Dante is scared that the demons will not keep their promise to not harm him. Dante was pressed against Virgil in fear and was alert of every action by the demons.
The two are about to be on their way when Malacoda assigns 10 demons as their escorts. Dante is terrified of them and does not see why Virgil cannot lead them himself.
Dante feels pity when he realizes that the soul has ducked too late.
Guard
Appearances and Punishment
Allegorical-
The fate of the sinners. Once Dante puts each sinner in the correct place, there is simply not much else to do, "nothing more need to be said" (165).
Tropological-
8-3: The "perfect" city of Florence should not have hypocrites (religious ones).
Ontological-
Before now, the sinners want Dante to know who they are so they can be remembered on earth. But in circle 8 and down the rule is reversed. The sinners, which committed "worse" sins, want to be forgotten in the world, so they try to conceal their identities.
Humanities
Venedico Caccianmico
To win over Obbizo de Este, Marquis of Ferrara, he acted as his sisters procurer (obtained her as a prostitute for another person).
Jason
Leader of the Aronauts who was on a mission to find the Golden Fleece. Jason loved and left many women. Among them were Hypsipyle who he he impregnated then abandoned, then Medea who helped him obtain the Golden Fleece then he left to marry Creusa.
Bologna- Dante refers to Bologna as a city of panders and seducers.
Guard-
There is not exactly a guard, but the horned demons hurry on endless fast walk with great lashes or whips.
Symbolic for the souls own vicious natures and guilty conscience.
The horns may or may not be symbolic of adultery.
Appearances- No specifics.
Punishment-
The naked sinners constantly run in groups from one side of the pouch to the other. This is symbolic because on earth, the souls moved women from one buyer to the next as if they were property. Now they run from one demon's whip to the next.
Symbolic for their goading of others for personal gain. so in hell, they are driven by the demons.
Alessio Interminelli
Part of the noble family of Lucca.
Thais
Received a slave from her lover and when asked if she loved him much, her response was "past all believing" (148).
No guard
Appearances-
A large ditch full of human excrement
Symbolic of the souls true equivalent of their false relationships on earth.
A smelly vapor raises from the ditch which crusts the souls in slime.
The smell was so bad Virgil and Dante left very quickly.
Punishment-
In long lines and being plunged into a river of human excrement (poooooooooop).
Souls are whining and knocking and thumbing themselves with their palms
They blubber through their snouts.
Simoniacs
Simon Magus
A Samarian magician who converted to Christianity and bought the power to administer the Holy Ghost.
Pope Nicholas II
Pope from 1277-1280 and is presence in Hell is self-explanatory.
Considered the chief sinner of this bolgia
He is waiting for his successor, Boniface, who will take his place in the tomb. Boniface will then be replaced by Clement V who is a more corrupt pope then Nicholas II. Boniface is supposed to replace Nicholas in 1303, but it is 1300. Pope Nicholas II thinks his foresight has been shortened by 3 years.
No guard
Appearance-
Round tube-like holes
The holes are symbolic of the baptismal fonts in Northern Italy.
Fire at the sinners feet
Punishment-
The sinners are headfirst in the tube-like holes with their feet on fire. While the confinement of the hole is not permanent, the sinners fall through the hole into the rock as new sinners arrive.
The blaze at their feet is symbolic of their guilt. The sinners made a mock of the holy baptism water so they have a hellish baptism with fire.
The feet of Pope Nicholas II blaze higher than the others and he writhes and quivers more because he is the chief sinner.
Symbolic of how the souls made a mock of the holy office, so they are turned upside down in a mockery of the baptismal font.
The oily fire on their skin symbolizes the oil used in Extreme Unction (last rites of dying)
Fortune tellers, Diviners, and Magicians
Amphiareus- One of the 7 captains who fought against Thebes. He said he foresaw his death and tried to run away but was swallowed by an earthquake.
Tiresias- A Theban diviner and magician. He changed himself from a man to a woman by pulling apart two intertwined serpents then seven years later did the same and changed back to a man.
Aruns- Foretold the war between Pompey and Julius Caesar. Said that it would end with Caesar's victory and Pompey's death.
Manto- Tiresias daughter.
Eurypylus- A Greek augur. An augur was summoned before each voyage to choose the exact propitious moment for departure.
Michael Scot- A medieval mathematician and scholar. He is said to have turned to stone a coven of witches, which have become the stone circle of Long Meg and Her Daughters. Said to have mastered every trick of magic fruad.
Guido Bonatti- Astrologer of the 13th century.
Asdente- A famous magician and fortune teller who lived in the medieval thirteenth century. He repeatly repent for his sins, but it is too late.
Guard- No guard on duty, walk at your own risk
Appearances-
The bolgia is "bathed with the tears" of the sinners
Punishment-
Heads backward and have to walk backwards in a slow procession type formation for eternity
Eyes blinded with tears which fall onto their buttocks
Symbolic for those who wanted to see the future and now cannot even see in front of themselves. They tried to move themselves forward in time so they must go backwards for the rest of eternity
Barterers and Grafters
Senator of Lucca- While research has been done and suggests that Martino Bottaio is the new soul, Dante could be simply saying Lucca is a city of grafters.
Unidentified Navarrese- Served in the household of King Thibault and was sent to the Fifth Pouch because he accepted bribes.
Friar Gomita- Administered the northeast district of Sardinia, Gallura. He was hanged because he accepted bribes to let prisons free.
Michel Zanche- Was made Vicar of Logodoro after King of Sardinia went to war. He configured a divorce to occur between the Queen and her husband. Michel then married hr himself. He was hung by his son-in-law.
Appearances-
Boiling pitch
The sticky patch is symbolic of the sticky fingers of the grafters.
The patch hides their faces since on earth, the sinners actions were hidden from men's eyes.
Very dark
Punishment-
The souls are like frogs in water. They only let their faces come out of the patch but have to retreat when they see the demons other wise they will pull them out and tear them to pieces. The ripples left after the souls retreat are the only evidence of their presence.
Demons who tear them to pieces with claws and hooks if the sinners rise above the surface of the pitch.
The grappling hook is symbolic for the sinners readiness to rend and tear whatever they can get their hands on. (Goes along with Circle 4: the hoarders and wasters)
The demons are called Malabranche which means "evil claws." The leader of the Malabranche is the Malacoda which means "evil tails."
Dante and Virgil are assigned ten demons to escort them through Bolga 5 because the bridge between the pouches broke.
To Revine everything...
Panders and Seducers
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Kelsey Armand
Brenda Lara
Peyton Belt
Brandee McKinney

Circle 8 has the Simple Fraud. Each bolgia is called a pouch or ditch. Dante not only wanted it to be a ditch of evil, but a pouch full of it. Circle 8 is shaped like an amphitheater with concentric circle within it. A series of spokes serve has bridges.
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Gustave Doré
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B
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Barterers & their wives
Barterers & their wives
Trading, fading, faking, breaking,
Barter away their lives

Crowding the city gate
Shunning the master’s fate
Low decisions they envision,
Cleaning the paupers’ plates

In the marketplace, trading commonplace friends
Come to banter on odds to meet their own ends

Barterers hold their own
Pinching on what they loan
After seeding, people pleading,
Spending the heat alone

Who will sacrifice pride for being nice game
He’s in season & that’s the reason he came

Barterers & their trade
Lately fall back to fade
Every evening, packing, leaving,
Counting on what they’ve made

Wifely cooking will keep them looking their best
As they smile & set out beguiling with jest

Barterers & their wives
Barterers & their wives
Trading, fading, taking, breaking,
Barter away their lives
Barters and Their Wives
By Left Banke

Simoniacs
Full transcript