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Just a Bang to the Head?

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by

Luke Myers

on 15 April 2013

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Transcript of Just a Bang to the Head?

Just a Bang to the Head? What happens to your brain and the neurons when you have a concussion? What are the signs and symptoms of a concussion? How is a concussion diagnosed? What should you do if
you think you have a
concussion? What should you do to recover after a concussion? What could you do to prevent concussions? What are the potential long-term effects of a concussion? The End At impact with the skull, the brain can become bruised, tissues can be torn, and minor swelling can occur. An injury to the brain can cause neurons and nerve tracts to change or not function properly. Some signs and symptoms of a concussion are a headache that does not go away easily or is more severe than normal, a stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, confusion that does not improve or gets worse, difficulty walking and using your arms, difficulty talking, odd sleeping patterns and trouble sleeping. Usually, you will not lose consciousness. However, loss of consciousness often means you sustained a more serious head injury. To diagnose your injury, your doctor will examine the site of impact, and he or she will test your strength, balance, reflexes, sensation, and memory. The physician will ask you and anyone who witnessed the injury about how it occurred and about your behavior after the injury. A CAT or MRI scan will be taken to detect any bruising or swelling of the brain. If you think you have a concussion, you should immediately see a doctor for a diagnosis and treatment. A concussion heals with time and plenty of rest. For headaches, you can take acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, but avoid aspirin, blood thinners, and any drug that causes drowsiness. Until all symptoms have subsided and your doctor has cleared you, you should avoid activities that might jolt your head again. To prevent concussions, always wear protective gear and use caution while playing sports or performing other possibly hazardous activities. Sometimes, some concussion symptoms may persist after concussion recovery from anywhere from a few months to a few years. These long-term effects include long-term memory loss, emotional distress, slowing of some types of movements, and depression.
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