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The Iliad Graphic Organizer
Transcript of The Iliad Graphic Organizer
Thesis: Homer, in his vivid and graphic epic poem The Iliad, glorifies battle and warfare but also shows the aftermath and horror that war creates.
Although Homer does describe war as glorious, he still mentions the horrid aftermath of each battle.
"The Trojans assembled together. They found
it hard to recognize each individual dead man;
but with water they washed away the blood that was on them and as they wept warm tears they lifted them on to the wagons." (7.421-432)
Homer describes battle scenes and kills with detail to make them seem courageous and memorable.
Homer includes the effect war has at home when he shows the sorrow felt from a widowed mother.
"My husband, you were lost young from life, and have left me a widow in your house, and the boy is only a baby who was born to you and me, the unhappy." (24.725)
"Antilochos was first to kill a chief man of the Trojans, valiant among the champions, Thalysias' son, Echepolos. Throwing first, he struck the horn of the horse-haired helmet, and the bronze spearpoint fixed in his forehead and drove inward through the bone; and a mist of darkness clouded both eyes and he fell as a tower falls in the strong encounter. (4.457-462)"
Homer also acknowledges in the Iliad the pain felt from loosing a brother in arms.
“And overpowered by memory Both men gave way to grief. Priam wept freely For man - killing Hector, throbbing, crouching Before Achilles' feet as Achilles wept himself, Now for his father, now for Patroclus once again And their sobbing rose and fell throughout the house.”
Although Homer does acknowledges death as being painful and saddening, he still expresses the glory and honor of battle and fighting for your country.
"He who among you finds by spear thrown or spear thrust his death and destiny, let him die. He has no dishonor when he dies defending his country, for then his wife shall be saved and his children afterwords, and his house and property shall not be damaged, if the Achaians must go away with their ships to the beloved land of their fathers." (15.486-488)