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Transcript of Ancient Rome
(Acta Diurna "daily acts")
Medicine and Science
Medicine: The ancient Romans had many uses for common herbs such as mint and garlic. Garlic was used for a variety of purposes such as to lower the risk of heart- related diseases, and to relax blood vessels, increase blood flow, to repel mosquitos. Mint was used to promote digestion, soothe the stomach in cases of indigestion and inflammation. The smell of mint was used to cure nausea and headaches. It was also used for coughs and colds, for the smell of the herb would clear up congestion of the nose, throat, bronchi, and lungs.
Formation of the system: The Ancient Rome Political System consists of 2 consuls,senators,Plebeians,(Which are a.k.a Commoners) women and slaves. The consuls at the time were the ones that ruled the land. They were chosen by citizens just like our political system, except 2 leaders were chosen. The senators were like the vice presidents and received power by their popularity, and how rich they were. Plebeians were the commoners that just led a normal life like us. The women and slaves were rated last, for people said they were useless.
The Laws were jumbled up into one category called, "The Twelve Tables." These are the twelve categories -
TABLE I- Procedure: for courts and trials
TABLE II- Trials, continued.
TABLE III- Debt
TABLE IV- Rights of fathers (paterfamilias) over the family
TABLE V- Legal guardianship and inheritance laws
TABLE VI- Acquisition and possession
TABLE VII- Land rights
TABLE VIII- Torts and delicts (Laws of injury)
TABLE IX- Public law
TABLE X- Sacred law
TABLE XI- Supplement I
TABLE XII- Supplement II
Roads and Highways
Long living, these were a huge accomplishment for the Romans. They built this with dirt, gravel, bricks (from granite or hardened volcanic lava). And don't think you wouldn't get caught speeding because there were highway soldier patrols.
Why we can travel to places today...
Public toilets, public baths, underground sewage systems, and fountains were made possible by aqueducts. Some are even used today!
No more stinkiness milling around!
Technology and Innovations (not all...)
HOT OFF THE PREZIS!!
These were posted in busy areas (like the Roman Forum) and on it were stuff like military victories, a list of games, gladiatorial bouts, birth and death notices, human interest stories and more.
Named codex, these were a stack of bound pages. At first it was made of bound wax tablets but later was changed to animal skin parchment.
For all ye book lovers...
Most Romans are all about work and business...but they still have a spot for free time.
Swimming- Roman boys loved this and this was done in the Tiber river
Horseback Riding- Pretty much everyone was supposed to be a good rider (men)
Boxing/Wrestling- Oddly enough, this was done in the palaestra (central field) of Roman baths. It improved overall fitness and build strength and stamina. They wrapped clothes of linen as the modern equivalent of boxing gloves.
Board games- Dice (Tesserae), Knucklebones (Tali or Tropa) Roman Chess (Latrunculi), Roman Checkers (Calculi), Tic-tac-toe (Terni Lapilli), and Roman backgammon (Tabula)
Again, not all are listed...
but most are this time (if you remember)
The most common:
Chariot races- watched at Circus Maximus
Gladiator Fights/Combat- watched in Amphitheaters
Others: running, hunting, fishing, ball games, musical and theatrical performances, public executions, etc.
Political System + Governing Laws
in Ancient Rome, the main food was pottage. Pottage is a thick stew made of wheat, millet, or corn sometimes with meat, offal, or a sauce made out of wine. They also ate their meals at different timings than us. On a typical day the meals would be eaten like this: Breakfast would be eaten at dawn and would compose of fruit and bread, lunch would be a small meal, start at noon and compose of ham or salami, salad, cheese, hard boiled eggs, and vegetables with bread, dinner started at 4:00pm and could continue into the night and composed of salad, fish, cooked meat, and vegetables, and dessert (the most disappointing to modern people) would be fruit and cheese sweetened with honey.
In Ancient Rome men wore togas. A toga is a large piece of wool cloth draped over the body, not sewn or pinned but very expensive. Different "classes" of men wore different colored togas, like this:
- common men wore plain white togas
-upper class boys wore an off white toga with a purple border
-generals and later emperors wore purple togas with gold embroidery
-politicians wore bleached togas
In later times color did not mater anymore.
The Romans got many of their theories from the Greeks. When Rome was a great empire, many scientists from Greece came over. One of the Roman's most important theories was personal hygiene. They created many public bathhouses during the time. The bathhouse served many purposes such as to soak, chat, jog, wrestle, meet friends, and to conduct business. Many famous scholars believed that personal hygiene was more important than doctors.
In Ancient Rome, the population was divided into two main groups: the Patricians, and the Plebeians. The Patrician class was made up of the descendants of noble families. They lived in large houses and had political power in the senate. they only socialized with their own class. Plebeians were mainly people who worked on the Patricians land. They lived in apartments and had no political right. The Roman population was divided into further classes:
Emperor: Ruler of Rome.
Patrician Families: Wealthy land-owning families.
Senators: Governed Rome.
Equestrians: Wealthy Property owners and business men.
Plebeians: Working/middle class.
Freed Slaves: Slaves who've been given freedom or paid for it.
Slaves: Prisoners of war.
A little about," The Twelve Tables," and its history.
The Governing Laws of Ancient Rome were also known as the Twelve Tables at the time. All the laws were fit together, and set with explanations and with the reputation of theirs these laws have managed to survive for 2767 years (753 B..C. - 2014 A.D). But, Rome has been in great danger of declaring bankruptcy for the past couple years, that has made them topple, and think a few times about resetting these laws. Though these laws have been a constant to the Romanian government for years, a few things that are said to be legal in the law have been switched. For Ex. In B.C. and the first 1000 years people had various ways of punishing from now because if a person breaks a bit of the law, they were immediately sentenced to death and now the Romanian Government has began to make it a little of a good comparison to ours. Still, Thanks to the Twelve Tables we've made our world start and process.
Vienne, Rithi, Sanjay, Nina