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ABCs of Culture; Singapore

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Seif Hikal

on 27 April 2014

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Transcript of ABCs of Culture; Singapore

ABC's of Culture - Singapore
A - Appearance
Lightweight western clothing
Youth follow latest fashions
Modesty is important
Some people still wear traditional attire










F - Food
A typical crowd of people crossing the street in Singapore
Families must eat together on Saturdays
Most people sit and eat on a table but Malays and Indians sit on a floor mat when eating traditional food or at festivities
Diners have a container of rice then take small portions of meat and vegetables from serving dishes throughout the meal
G - Government
Head of State: President Tony Tan
Head of Government: Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
Democratic republic
Parliament - 93 members
Singapore is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

D - Dates
B - Belief System
British were attracted to Singapore in the 19th century
Sir Stamford Raffles established a British trading post in 1819
became a trade city; attracted thousands of Chinese, Indian, and other Asian migrants
Invaded by Japan in WWII
forced British forces to retreat in 1942
Japanese forces stayed until 1945
Returned to Britain and became a British crown colony
Internal self-rule granted in 1959
Declared indepence in 1965
Constitutionally granted freedom of worship
Singapore has no official religion
Percentages of Religions
Buddhism (33.3%)
Christianity (18.3%)
Islam (14.7%)
Taoism (10.9%)
Hinduism (5.1%)
Other religions (0.7%)
Non-religious (17.0%)










E - Entertainment
Indian sari

Jippa
Salwar kameez
Kebaya
Cheongsam

C - Communication
Official languages - English, Malay, Tamil and Standard Mandarin
Titles and formal names used in formal settings
Many Chinese adopt Western names
Malays don’t have surnames, they use their given name (first name) followed by bin (son of) or binti (daughter of)
i.e. (from CultureGrams) “Daud bin Hakim (addressed as Mr. Daud) or Salmah binti Jufri (Miss Salmah).”
Indians have a similar name structure as Malays

An Indian Man Greeting
Malays having a traditional dinner
President Tony Tan
H - Housing
About 85% of citizens live in public housing (Housing and Development Board flats)
Places restrictions - income and citizenship
HDB flats are leased for 99 years (considered owned)
About 90 meters
living room
kitchen
two - three bedrooms
two bathrooms
Other 15% of population live in:
semi-detached houses
bungalows
dominiums

Floor plans for a 2 bedroom HDB flat
Above is the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple, it is the biggest Buddha temple in Singapore
I - Information
School is mandatory from ages 6-16
Muslims often send kids to religous schools at age 5 to learn the Qur'an
Academic year consists of two semesters
January - June and July - December
1 week break in mid - March
1 month beak in June
Six week vacation in November and December
High literacy rate (96.5%)
Mother tongue is taught (Chinese, Malay or Tamil)
Main language of education is English

A classroom inside the Tampines Primary School
J - Jobs
Unemployment rate - 1.8%
GDP - $274.7 Billion
Singapore is a global financial hub
Currency - Singapore Dollar
Cars are expensive so people don't buy them
Subways and Taxis are common ways of transportation
The inside of a subway in Singapore
K - Kind of Environment
Consists of Singapore Island and over 50 smaller nearby islands
Johor Strait seperates Singapore and Malaysia
No rural areas
Temperature is between 24°C AND 33°C
Humidity levels are high
Rainfall increases from 7 inches in July to 10 inches in November and December
85 miles North of the Equator
East Coast Park in Singapore
M - Malay Subculture
Most Malays are Sunni Muslims
Belong to Shaf'i school of thought
Some Malays are Christian
Due to mixed Chinese ancestry, some are Buddhist
Speak Johore-Riav variant of Malay
Arabic is the preferred language by Muslim religious teachers and is learned by many religious Malay Muslims
Malays are officially recognized in the Singaporean Consitution as the indigenous people of Singapore
A class of Malays at an Islamic school
Biblography
Works Cited

Resources:

"CultureGrams; Republic of Singapore." CultureGrams. N.p., n.d. Web.

"Latest Data." Statistics Singapore -. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.

Low, Shawn, and Daniel McCrohan. Singapore. Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet, 2012. Print.

"Malays in Singapore." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Apr. 2014. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.

"Religion in Singapore." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web.

"40 Singapore Foods We Can't Live without." CNN Travel. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.

Videos:

"Kavya Madhavan Performing Bharatanatyam Dance at Nishagandhi Festival (1)." YouTube. YouTube, 29 Jan. 2014. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.

"Majulah Singapura Music Video on Singapore TV." YouTube. YouTube, 03 June 2013. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.
Singapore National Football Team
Sir Stamford Raffles
Sports
Soccer - most popular sport
Other popular sports include;
swimming
water polo
rugby
tennis
badminton
basketball
netball
Traditional sports
Table tennis
sepak takraw
similar to volleyball but played with a rattan ball (using legs and feet)
Wealthy enjoy playing golf
Elders prefer tajiquan (form of Chinese exercise)
Youth like martial arts and tae kwon do
Other
Other forms of entertainment include;
Indian Bharata Natyam dance
Traditional Chinese operas
Asian and U.S. films
L - Leftovers
Official name - Republic of Singapore
Population - 5,399,200
Drives on left
HDI - 0.895
Is a city state
Motto - "Majulah Singapura" ("Onward Singapore)
Above is the Singaporean Coat of Arms
Singaporean Dollar
Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
National Anthem - Majulah Singapura
Chicken Rice
Chili Crab
Full transcript