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Homer and the Greek Epic
Transcript of Homer and the Greek Epic
An archetype is always in literature. You can think of an archetype as a template for the traits of a character or how a story is. The Odyssey itself is an archetype because it's based on the hero saving people and going through big challenges.
What is an Epic?
An epic is simply a long poem based on an adventurous journey. The Odyssey and The Iliad are both great Epics. There are many different techniques used in epics that make them more interesting. Some are in normal books, but in epics they seem more common.
Archetypes in Homers Work
Homer's work has archetypes such as:
The Odyssey is an epic journey
Odysseus is the great hero
Athena is the one who watches over Odysseus
Zeus is the typical ruler
Telemachus is the son who needs his father
Vast Setting: The general area the whole epic takes place in
In the Odyssey the setting goes from Ithaca to the land of the Phaeacians
Homer and His Work
Homer was greatly recognized for his great epic or great poems, The Odyssey and The Iliad.
No one knows exactly when Homer was born but guesses at his birth date range from 750 BC all the way back to 1200 BC.
How were Epics Told?
It is said that epics in the older times like The Odyssey and The Iliad were told orally. People would tell the epic to others like a campfire story except more meaning to it. Homer might have told this story orally but he must have also wrote it because it is now a book.
Homer wrote two epics that were similar in many ways. They both had the gods in them, a great hero, and an adventure. The common theme in these kinds of stories is how the hero always works to stop the evil, how the gods either want to help the humans or make it worse for them, and how things in life were made.
http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/odyssey/themes.html Slide 8
http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/iliad/themes.html Slide 8
http://www.shmoop.com/odyssey/themes.html Slide 8
http://www.biography.com/people/homer-9342775 Slide 7
http://chs.harvard.edu/wa/pageR?tn=ArticleWrapper&bdc=12&mn=3626 Slide 3 and 4
http://www.soulcraft.co/essays/the_12_common_archetypes.html Slide 3 and 4
http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/homer/p/HomerGuide.htm Slide 11
http://www.shmoop.com/odyssey/setting.html Slide 7
Bard, Minstrel, Rhapsode
In homer's epics, i noticed that there is always a bard, minstrel, or rhapsode. They are poets or singers and they usually sing or tell something important about what happened in the story. Homer was thought to be blind and he performed so he was a bard.
Homer's Epics Influences
Homers work did influence a lot of other peoples work. He not only influenced other pieces of literature but the morality and ethics of people. He was the first to look for information in myths and religions.
Live Performances of Epics
Many epics were performed by "bards" which sang the epic. They sang songs and read poetry off of epics in front if a crowd. A epic performance was very similar to a normal performance.
My Thoughts On Homer
Homer seems lik a great man who was very wise. He wanted to find out more about the myths and religions and made an epic out of them. He taught many people about life values and traditions. He made Myths and Religions have real values that people should follow.
My thoughts on Homer's Epics
Homer's epics were really interesting and they taught a lot about myths and religions. They were very informal and had many values and morals in them. Homer's epics influenced almost everyone because it was a way to learn while reading or watching a performance.
Characteristics of an Epic Hero
Characteristics of an Epic Hero: On a great journey, smarter, stronger or faster than a usual person, usually part god or goddess, has human weaknesses
All of these traits do fit Odysseus because he is the hero in The Odyssey.
Epithet: An epithet is mainly a phrase or word, in The Odyssey an epithet commonly used is "rosy-fingered Dawn" Some of these phrases are weird and you never hear them in our time.
In Media Res
In media res: It is where the story begins at the middle or at the end, instead of at the beginning, some epics do use this technique to make the story more interesting.
Invocation: Invocation is like the summoning of a god or goddess in an epic, in the Odyssey there is a lot of invocation because of how much Athena comes to help Odysseus.
Homeric or Epic Simile
Homeric or Epic Simile: a simile in epic poems developed over more several lines. Kind of like a normal simile but over the course of several lines.