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Debating the Grail

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Xiaoxi Liu

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Debating the Grail

Mists of Avalon (1983)
Marion Zimmer Bradley
(1930-1999)

Mid-twentieth Century Feminism

Conflicts of Church and the Old Way
Traditional Grail

Individualized Goal
Physical form
Chalice

Individualized meaning
Love for his father
The Grail
Introduction
Grail & Feminism
Grail & Goal
Conclusion
Grail & Philosophy
Sacramentalism
Reliance on religion
Importance of the grail as a religious symbol
Transcendentalism:
Belief in science & humanity
Transformation of the grail from religious to more applicable
--Time & Change
Alejandro Boxill
Brice Williams
Cecilia Liu
English 1102
6th, April, 2014

Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989)
Harry Potter (2001 - 2011)
Physical form
Various Objects (Sorcerer's Stone, Goblet of Fire etc.)

Individualized meaning
Revenge for parents
Glory Road (2006)
Physical Grail:
NCAA Championship trophy.

Individualized Goal
Win against all odds

National Treasure (2004)
"What is it we are questing for? It is the fulfillment of that which is potential in each of us. Questing for it is not an ego trip; it is an adventure to bring into fulfillment your gift to the world, which is yourself. There is nothing you can do that's more important than being fulfilled. You become a sign, you become a signal, transparent to transcendence; in this way you will find, live, become a realization of your own personal myth." --Joseph Campbell (1904 - 1987)
Physical Grail:
The Templar Treasure

Individualized Goal:
Strengthen relationship with father
Prove that the treasure exist
Clear his family name
The Archer's Tale (2001)
Physical Grail:
The lance of St. George
The Wasteland_T.S. Eliot
Works Cited
Modern day interpretation of the grail.

Not given the respect they deserve

'Impossible to obtain?'

T.S. Eliot (1888 – 1965)
Post war disillusion

Sacramentalist: all experience as one
Jessie Weston
From Ritual to Romance

Interpretation of Fisher King Myth
Grail & Wasteland
Fertility and Sterility

Salvation from religion
"Review/Key Questions - Mists of Avalon." Mists of Avalon. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2014.

Chrétien de Troyes. Perceval: The Story of the Grail. Trans. Burton Raffel. New Haven: Yale UP, 1999. Print.

Cornwell, Bernard. The Archer's Tale. New York: HarperCollins, 2001. Print..

Campbell, Joseph. "What is it we are questing for? It is the fulfillment of that which is potential in each of us. Questing for it is not an ego trip; it is an adventure to bring into fulfillment your gift to the world, which is yourself. There is nothing you can do that's more important than being fulfilled. You become a sign, you become a signal, transparent to transcendence; in this way you will find, live, become a realization of your own personal myth." Facebook. 12 May 2013. 08 Apr. 2014. <https://www.facebook.com/JosephCampbellFoundation/posts/10151371119606722>

"Floating Signifier." Floating Signifier. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.

"Floating Signifier." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Mar. 2014. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.

Gartner, James. Dir. Glory Road. Perf. Josh Lucas, Jon Voight, and Derek Luke.
Walt Disney Pictures, 2006. DVD.

Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones. Dir. Monty Python and the Holy Grail. By Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin, and Terry Gilliam. Perf. Graham Chapman, John Cleese, and Eric Idle. Columbia Tristar Home Entertainment, 2002. Film.

Hoffman, Donald L., and Elizabeth S. Skylar. “Googling the Grail.” Magistra Doctissimg: Essays in Honor of Bonnie Wheeler. Ed.Dorsey Armstrong, Ann W. Astell an, Howell Chickering. Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, 2013. Web Copy

Jay -Z. Magna Carta Holy Grail. Roc-A-Fella, 2013. CD.

Jung, Emma , and Marie- Louise Von Franz. The Grail Legend. Great Britain: Hodder
and Stoughton, 1971. Print.

Mahoney, Dhira B. "Hollywood's New Weston The Grail Myth in Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now and John Boorman's Excalibur." The Grail: A Casebook. New York: Garland, 2000. 561-73. Print.



Marino, John B. "Humanism and the Grail Legend: From Skepticism to Metaphor." The Grail Legend in Modern Literature. Woodbridge, Suffolk: D.S. Brewer, n.d. 82-116. Print.


Miles, Rosalind. The Child of the Holy Grail. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2002. Print.


Moorman, Charles. "T.S. Eliot." The Grail: A Casebook. Ed. Dhira B. Mahoney. New York: Garland, 2000. 505-523. Print.

Stephen Spielberg, dir. Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Perf. Harrison Ford, Sean Connery and Alison Doody. Paramount Pictures.1989. Web Copy

Turteltaub, Jon. dir. National Treasure. Perf. Nicholas Cage, Diana Kruger, Justin
Bartha, and Jon Voight. Buena Vista Pictures, 2004. Web Copy.



Rowling, J,K. Harry Potter. USA: Arthur A. Levine Books, 1997-2007. Print.


Wood, Juliette. The History of the Holy Grail. Cardiff, Great Britain: University of Wales
Press, 2012, Web Copy




Christianity has traditionally played a central role in the legend of King Arthur; however, for contemporary literature, as well as contemporary culture, the notion of a goddess figure has once again become important.
The Child of the Holy Grail (2000)
Rosaland Miles (contemporary)

Christianity is endangering the Goddess

Guinevere finally restore Women's rule
Grail remains a recognized symbol
Has become adaptable, but not empty

Magna Carta Holy Grail (2013)
Physical Grail:
the Album

Individualized Goal :
To produce perfection

Medieval meaning

Can't be obtained

Greatness
Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975)
What is an empty signifier?
It is a signifier that absorbs rather than emits meaning.
The Grail is not an empty signifier
Both emits and absorbs meaning
Retains traditional grail characteristics
Adapted to many modern situations
Modern applications are rooted in traditional grail meanings
Chretien de Troyes Perceval

Grail Legend
Physical Grail
The Holy Grail
Modern adaptation
Satire of grail, grail quests, and knighthood
Progression of the grail
Victorian adaptation: social responsibility
Medieval grail: religious symbol
Modern day grail: applicable to many situations
Transcendentalism
The grail survives in a secular society by absorbing meaning
Modern adaptation:
Closely tied to old grail
Actual grail is present
"Lance-grail" reflective of modern interpretation of grail
Extended meaning:
Goal

Adaptations extend characteristics of traditional grail
Philosophy
The grail has transitioned from a religious symbol to a more applicable symbol
The grail is still recognized as both the medieval grail and the modern day grail
Feminism
Feminist movement causes grail symbol to absorb new meaning
Strengthens old meaning and old tie to religion
Post-modern grail
Full transcript