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Buddhism Presentation

by Leonard, Alex, and Noah

Noah Levy

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of Buddhism Presentation

Origin Buddhism is a religion founded in northeastern India in by Prince Siddhartha, (also known as the Buddha) in approximately the sixth century B.C.E. Buddhism was founded when Siddhartha went on his path of enlightenment. Buddhism Today There are approximately 370 million people around the world practicing Buddhism which make it the fourth largest religion in the world. Buddhism is a major religion in Tibet, Thailand, Mongolia, Cambodia, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Laos, Vietnam, Japan, Taiwan, and Singapore. Buddhism is also practiced in China, Japan, and Korea. Place of Origin Buddhism originated in India and proceeded to spread throughout Asia. Important person in Buddhism: The 14th Dalai Lama
Born July 6 1935
Reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama
Originally named Lhamo Dhodup
Current name: Tenzin Gyatso
Bodhisattva of compassion
Still active to this day Bibliography: http://www.dalailama.com/biography/a-brief-biography
(These sources helped us come up with information on the Dalai Lama.)

(These sources helped us find out about the origins of Buddhism.) Core Beliefs Buddhist beileve in reincarnation, which is a concept that people are reborn after they die. Although you die as a a human being, you can be reincarnated as another living thing. After various cycles of reincarnation, you can reach a state which is free. Four Noble Truths In Buddhism the four noble truths explain human suffering Dukkha: Suffering exists: (Suffering is real and almost universal. Suffering has many causes: loss, sickness, pain, failure, the impermanence of pleasure.)

Samudaya: There is a cause for suffering. (It is the desire to have and control things. It can take many forms: craving of sensual pleasures; the desire for fame; the desire to avoid unpleasant sensations, like fear, anger or jealousy.)

Nirodha: There is an end to suffering. (Suffering ceases with the final liberation of Nirvana (a.k.a. Nibbana). The mind experiences complete freedom, liberation and non-attachment. It lets go of any desire or craving.)

Magga: In order to end suffering, you must follow the Eightfold Path. http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism1.htm# (This sources helped us explain the four noble truths, and buddhist core beliefs) The Eightfold Path The Eightfold path is one of the pricncipal teachings of Buddha which is the way leading to the end of suffering (Dukha), and achieve self awakening. Five Precepts The five precepts are like the equivalent of the ten commandments, like in Judiasm and Christianity. Although they're rules which you should follow by, you do have a choice no to follow them. You have your own choice on how to apply these rules, if at all. They're also the eight precepts, for the more strict buddhist, and the 10 precepts, which are mostly used in buddhist schools. "Do not kill." (Unintentional killing is considered less offensive)
"Do not steal." (Including misappropriating someone's property)
"Do not engage in improper sexual conduct." (e.g. sexual contact not sanctioned by secular laws, the Buddhist monastic code, or by one's parents and guardians)
"Do not make false statements." (Also includes pretending to know something one doesn't)
"Do not drink alcohol." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Precepts This source helped us find out the five precepts Important event in Buddhism: Exile of the 14th Dalai Lama
Chinese presence in Tibet
Discrimination of Buddhists Practices: by traditional Buddhists. Mod4Meditation - Helps people focusing or being mindfulMantras - originally in Hinduism and Buddhism MudrasPrayer wheels - A revolving cylinder inscribed with or containing prayers, a revolution of which symbolizes the repetition of a prayer, used by Tibetan...Pilgrimages - A journey to heaven or hellReincarnation - RebirthOfferings at shrines, temples, and monasteries to Buddha Rituals: Types of Buddhist prayersGoing for Refuge.  This is probably the most significant ritual connecting people to the Dharma.  This is the oldest and most common ritual throughout most Buddhist traditions.2.Offering homage or respect to the Buddha, to Buddhist teachers, teachings, or other important areas of Buddhist offerings or practicing dana. Making offerings or practicing dana.3.Confession of faults4.Precept ceremonies5.Calling on spiritual forces for support or protection6.Blessings, aspirations, and Brahmavihara “prayers.”7.Dedication of merit8.Rites of Passage such as weddings and funerals9.Initiations and ordination Buddhist New Year (three days from the first full moon day in April)Vesak (Buddha Day) celebrates Buddha’s Birthday dayMagha Puja Day (Four fold assembly) Celebrated on the full moon in March and honors an important day in Buddha’s teaching lifeAsalha Purja Day (pay respect to Buddha during July)Uposatha (Observance Day) Marks the conclusion of the RainsKathina Ceremony (Robe ceremony) New robes are offered to the monks after the RainsBodhi Day (Enlightenment) Honors the enlightenment of Buddha Elephant Day celebrated in November. Buddhists feel that new Buddhists should have a mentor when they enter the religion. This holiday celebrates this relationship. Buddhist Cycle of Life and Suffering:
1.Buddhist belief in karma.
2.Buddhist follow the eight fold path for good karma.
3.The wheel of life has six realms are hell, animal, human, heaven, hungry ghost, Asura.
4.Through good karma people rise in the wheel to good realms like heaven.
5.If you have bad karma you cant get out of the wheel of life and end up in a bad realm like hell and suffer more.
6.When people are reborn they have to go through the wheel of life again. Holidays Bibliography: http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/practices.htm
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