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Transcript of VOLLEYBALL
William G. Morgan borrowed a tennis net and raised it 6ft. 6 inch. above the floor, on a 25ft. x 50ft. court
Any number of players was allowed
A match composed of 9 innings with 3 serves for each team in each inning
There was no limit to the number of ball contacts for each team before sending the ball to opponents
If there was a serving error, a second try was allowed
Hitting the ball in the net was considered "foul" with a loss of a point, except in case of first try serve
The first volleyball ball was made of the parts of a basketball but it was too slow and heavy
Morgan asked the factory of Spalding & Bros. to make him a ball for the game. It consisted of three layers: latex (materials made with a bicycle tire), cheesecloth and a leather outer layer
INVENTION OF THE SPORT
William G. Morgan
created the sport of volleyball in 1895
First played in YMCA in Holyoke Massachusetts
Wanted to combine elements from handball, tennis and basketball to create a less physical contact game
Referred to as "Mintonette", played indoors with any number of players
Quickly changed name to "volleyball", when an observer noted that this may be a better way to describe the game
Designed to be played indoors, with little to no contact but still required some athletic ability
The lethal combination of setting the ball for another player to spike it hard to the other side was invented, referred to as the "Philippino Bomb"
"three hits" rule and rule against hitting from the back row established
allow serves to touch the net, as long as it goes over the net to the opponent's side, service area was expanded to allow players to serve from anywhere but behind the line
DEVELOPMENT OF RULES
Volleyball was first played in Canada in 1900 when Ottawa branch of YMCA added this sport to its schedule
It then spread throughout all YMCAs in Canada
Regular inter-city competitions were held in Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto
First international experience: 1959 at Pan-American Games in Chicago
VOLLEYBALL IN CANADA
DEVELOPMENT OF RULES CON'T
this player is specialized in defensive skills
must wear different colour jersey than teammates
cannot block, attack, serve the ball
can replace any back row player, when the ball is not in play (not counted as a substitution)
if they are setting, they must be behind the 3 meter line (attack line)
only one libero per set
Before 1999, points were only scored when the team had the serve and all sets went up to 15
Rally point scoring started in 2001, first team to score 25 points with a 2 point margin won the set
Matches are best of five sets and the fifth set is played to 15 points
Each team on the court includes 6 players
is used to decide which team will get first serve
As the serving team serves the ball to the opposite side to the other team, they must act defensively to return the ball in no more than 3 contacts with it
First contact: usually a bump or pass, second contact: set by the setter, third contact: by attacker who spikes or tips to return the ball over the net (team with possession of the ball is on offense)
Defense: players at the net jump and try to block the attacked ball, if the ball has come into any contact with the player's block, defensive players must attempt to control the ball with a dig
A rally may begin and until the ball touches the ground, an error is made, or the ball lands out of bounds, a point will be awarded
FIVB (Federation Internationale de Volleyball) is one of the largest sports organizations in the world with 210 affliated member associations.
according to their rankings, Brazil is ranked number 1 for the Men and USA is ranked number 1 for the Women
born October 5th, 1987 in London, Ontario
member of the U.S.A. National indoor volleyball team
competed at 2012 London Olympics
played college volleyball at Stanford University
Named Pac-10 player of the year, 2007-2008
Won gold medal and MVP award at 2010 FIVB World Grand Prix
"Volleyball is one of the few team sports where every single person on the court has an impact on the outcome. The ball can come to you at any time, so complete focus is required. The sport represents "team" in every sense of the word. Also, I have so much fun playing and growing in this sport every day, that I always want to come back for more."
Rotator cuff muscles are important in generating the necessary power to move the shoulder
Muscles can fatigue when overused in overhead actions like serving, and spiking
occur most commonly at the net when an opposing player lands onto another player's foot
repetitive explosive jumping causes stress on patellar tendon ("Jumper's Knee")
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears can occur when an athlete comes down awkwardly
Lower Back Injuries
occurs due to repetitive bending and rotating of the trunk
repetitive hyperextension of setting and hitting can cause stress on lower back bones
used for explosive jumping for blocking or approach to attack the ball
also used for quick lunges to the ball or quick side lateral movement to receive (dig) the ball
present when needing the stamina to make a quick explosive play during long rallys
It is wise to train to be strong and explosive for this sport so interval training is ideal to do since there are short periods of rest between plays
Born April 18th, 1987
American volleyball player
member of the men's USA national volleyball team
Reached full height, 6'10, at sophomore year at Penn State
Gold medalist of Pan-American games and World League Games 2014
Participated in the London Olympic Games
Plays professional volleyball for Russian Club VC Zenit Kazan
Who invented Volleyball?
The Libero position was introduced in what year?
What is used to determine which team gets first serve?
Who is ranked number 1 for Men's and Women's Volleyball according to FIVB?