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Depression and Threats to International Peace and Collective

IB History of the Americas Unit 1 Topic: Depression and threats to international peace and collective security: Manchuria 1931-3 and Abyssinia 1935-6
by

Sean W.

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Depression and Threats to International Peace and Collective

Martin Retana
Lucas Stephens
Sean Wang
Madelyn Lackey
Italy and the League
No way to stop the Italians without force
UK and France once again was not going to go to war
Their people would not support the war
Japan and the League
Japan and Manchuria were not a major concern to the European powers.
United States and the United Kingdom did not want to be responsible for Manchuria.
By this time the US and the UK were adopting the policy of appeasement.
League Members with Military:
United Kingdom
France
None were in the Far East
Depression and Threats to International Peace and Collective Security
Beginning of Depression
Treaty of Versailles and Germany's Punishment
Wall Street Crash-triggered the Great Depression
Resulted in Aggressive States
Introduction
Japan
Undergone an Industrial Revolution in late 19th century.
Depended majorly on exports of US manufactured goods.
USA Going in Depression= No partner for Japan.
Manchuria
Chinese province
No strength due to internal war
Vast in resources
Italy
Felt threatened by new Germany.
Facist economy
inflation & debt
Abyssinia
The only unclaimed African territory
Oil deposits
Previous history-1896 victory over Italy
Background Knowledge
Hitler 's Rise to Power


Germany gains militaristic power
Geneva Talks Fail
Germany Leaves the League
Treaty of Versailles is Disregarded
Italy Begins to Fear Germany and Wants Power
Abyssinia 1935-1936
Italy Invades
Wanted to show power
Met with France and Uk in Stresa
Background
Manchuria 1931-1933
Invasion
Last unclaimed territory

Believed there was oil deposits
Conflict Began in 1934 which then led to a full scale invasion in 1935
Britain and France could either stop the invasion to show the League as a force of peace or allow to maintain an allegiance against Hitler
Solution
Hoare- Laval Pact proposal gave Italy two thirds of Abyssinia and the rest would be an independent state

Leaked to the press and abandoned

1936 Abyssinia was in Italy's complete control

Hitler exploited the weaknesses caused by this disagreement and reoccupied the Rhineland in March 1936
Lack of military availability
Isolationism Policy
No support for any kind of war
Famine and Unemployment
The main focus of the United Kingdom was on the economic depression.
The United States was not reacting.
The US and the UK had:
Trade Routes
Investments
No Defense for Japanese Attack
The league proposed a report which suggested that Japan withdraw from Manchuria. But the Japanese refused and withdrew from the League of Nations instead.
The League was not able to prevent actions of enemies or even protect the victims; it only denounced them.
Japan became industrial power
Japan had very few natural resources
Weak political system and weak leaders
Japanese had tensions with Chinese
Began September 19th, 1931
Radical Nationalists pushed the invasion
Rapid defeat, established Manchukuo in 1932
Result
Lytton Commission Report
Japan withdraws from league
Manchuria joins Japanese Empire
Full transcript