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Metaphor & Simile Notes

Includes definitions, modern text, and Shakespearean text examples.
by

Alisha Adams

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of Metaphor & Simile Notes

Similes & Metaphors
Finding the similar in the dissimilar.


Similes & Metaphors
An Introduction
Examples of Simile
Simile is used to give a more vivid description.

Remember to look for uses of "like", "as", or "than" and then look to see if it's comparing two things.
Examples of Metaphor
Metaphor changes what something "is". This provides more vivid description.

It essentially becomes something different through the comparison. Often uses the states of being helping verbs (am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been, etc.)
Let's Define Simile & Metaphor
Let's Recap
What's a Simile?

What's a Metaphor?
Act II scene ii
Romeo says, "O, speak again, bright angel! for thou art As glorious to this night, being o'er my head, As is a winged messenger of heaven..."
Act IV scene v
Act II scene ii
Juliet says, "My bounty as boundless as the sea, my love as deep.
Act II scene ii
Romeo say, "But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun."
Act I scene v
Romeo says, "If I profane with my unworthiest hand
This holy shrine, the gentle sin is this:
My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand
To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss."
Act II scene ii
Juliet says, "Thou know'st the mask of night is on my face,
Else would a maiden blush bepaint my cheek..."
Simile
Definition:
A figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things with the help of the words "like" or "as" or "than"
It is a direct comparison.
Metaphor
Definition
a figure of speech which makes an implied or hidden comparison between two things/objects that are different from each other but have some characteristic in common between them.
when you portray a noun (person, place, thing,) or verb (an action) as being something else, even though it is not actually that “something else,” you are speaking metaphorically.
Video Recap
Write down as many additional "Modern text" examples as you can!
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
The following video will give you both definitions for Simile & Metaphor and several Modern Text examples. Make sure to get BOTH!
Romeo compares Juliet to the glory of the rising sun. Now that's a compliment.
First metaphor is when Romeo compares Juliet to a shrine that pilgrims would worship at.

He also compares his personality to the palms (hands) of saints.

He also compares his lips to pilgrims (suggesting piety and humility and a state of grace).
Juliet compares the night to a mask
Wednesday
September 9, 2015

Juliet is being compared to an angel in the sky using "as".

What is Romeo saying about Juliet?
Death is being compared to frost using the keyword "like".
Why would be the purpose of making Death a person?
Juliet is comparing the gift of Romeo's love to the vastness and depth of an ocean.
Items Needed
1. Writing utensil
2. Week 4 MMS
3. Super Grammar Notes
4. Figurative Language Notes
5. Cellphone
6. R&J Book

Mustang Minute
Choose one (1)
OR
two (2) of the following to respond to:
What are your best sleepover memories?
What’s the best gift you’ve ever given or received?
What’s the most memorable thing you ever got in the mail?
What nicknames have you ever gotten or given?

Purpose:
Attracts the attention and appeals directly to the senses of listeners or readers encouraging their imagination to comprehend what is being communicated.
Allows readers to relate the feelings of a writer or a poet to their personal experiences.
Offer variety in our ways of thinking and offers new perspectives of viewing the world.
Purpose:
Appeals directly to the senses of listeners or readers, sharpening their imaginations to comprehend what is being communicated to them.
Gives a life-like quality to our conversations and to the characters of the fiction or poetry.
Creates new ways of thinking, offering the listeners and the readers fresh ways of examining ideas and viewing the world.
Friar Lawrence says, "Death lies upon her like an untimely frost.
This is a trick! "O speak again bright angel" is a Metaphor. Juliet is the angel. :)

Why make the same connection twice?

It's a trick! It's also Personification. Death cannot "lie".
It's a trick! This is also a Hyperbole. Love cannot be that large, nor can you have that much.
Full transcript