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The Constitution

period 9

Kristy Stofey

on 21 December 2012

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Transcript of The Constitution

Requirements Must be
Natural born/US citizen for 14 years
At least 35
Take Oath of Affirmation Period 9 The Constitution Article II Article 6 Julia, Ceara & Laura Article III Section 1 Janine Dayeh, Megha Rathi and Shelby Szott Article I Legislative Judicial power is invested into one, higher court (The Supreme Court) and many smaller courts which are appointed by Congress.
Congress determines the length of terms for judges, and they serve as long as they are on "good behavior". Article I, Sections 4,5,6, and 7 Section 2

There are 3 sections of article 6
It starts with debt and engagements
They all are valid against the U.S
as if under a confederacy

We won't let any state law
slip out of our grasp
but if we do
they're through
supreme court rules
they're above you
they control laws and all your treaties too

Any members of the senate or the house
Must be sworn to an oath
and have lots of trust
religion doesn't matter as long as your fair
which is why this article is there.

We wont any state law
slip out of our grasp
but if we do
they're through
supreme court rules
they're above you
they control laws, and all the treaties too - This states that all official people in legislature must be sworn in under an oath.
-Includes any member of the Senate or the House of Representatives, state legislature or judicial officials.
-Free of any religious test, people should be determined on public trust. Section 3 Section 8- Powers of Congress Power to levy taxes
Various financial abilities (print money, borrow money, etc.)
Establish post offices
Grant letters of marque
Create copyright laws
Declare war
Create and maintain an army and navy
Call upon a militia for help
Create a court system
Establish a national capital
Congress has control over federal buildings
Create laws for the ability to execute the powers mentioned -This section states that the Constitution, the laws of the United States, and the treaties are the supreme laws of America.
-The judges should be bound by the Constitution and the treaties.
-If the state laws contradict the Constitution then the Constitution preempts the state laws. -All existing debt and commitments under the Articles of Confederation are still valid.
-This mainly pertains to the citizens.
-This substantial amount of debt was mainly caused by expenses of war and money owed to the British. Article VII Article V The Articles of Confederation vs. Constitution The Judicial Power has the authority to judge all cases that fall under the Constitution, laws, and Treaties made.
They are able to extend their power to cases involving foreign affairs, problems between two or more States or between citizens and States, and between two or more citizens.
The Supreme Court has the power to regulate changes that Congress makes.
Crimes shall be held by state court unless it is impeachment crimes outside of states will be held at a place that Congress picks The Signatures and Their Significance Why the Constitution is illegal Preamble Article IV Section 4
The time, place, and manner in which the elections for senators and representatives are held is up to their state.
By law, congress may alter said manner of election at any time.
Congress must assemble at least once a year on the first Monday in December. Section 7 Taxes begin in the House of Representatives and can be altered by the Senate afterward.
Any decisions made by Congress, other than those concerning the postponement of a meeting, must be approved by the President.
Anything vetoed by the President must be agreed upon in congress by a 2/3 vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate before it becomes a law.
If the President fails to make a judgement within 10 days of receiving a bill, it passes automatically. The Congress has right to all legislative power
Split up into: • "We the People"- Nation as a whole
• "In order to form a more perfect union": what is to be accomplished
establish justice; insure tranquility; common defense; promote general welfare; secure blessings of liberty
• "do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
• Gives name to document and nation. Section 2 Members of the House of Representatives chosen every 2 years
Representative qualifications; at least 25, 7 years U.S. citizen, cannot live in state he is chosen for when elected
Reps. and taxes determined by population of free people, (including indentured servants, excluding Indians) and 3/5 of all other people (slaves)
Number of representatives appointed to each state decided 3 years after the enactment of Constitution, and redefined every 10 years after that
1 rep. = 30,000 people
All states will have at LEAST one rep.
If a representative is unable to represent a state another election shall be held to fill their position
Choose the speaker of the house, and have ability to impeach them if they are not doing their job. ( lying, treason, misrepresentation, etc.) Section 3 Article 1 Establishes fundamental purposes of The Constitution Senate House of Representatives Senate made up of 2 Senators per state with a term of 6 years: each has one vote
Senators divided into 3 classes to be elected or reelected
1st Class: after 2 years
2nd Class: after 4 years
3rd Class: after 6 years
If one quits, they are replaced until the next election
Senator qualifications: at least 30, at least 9 years a citizen, can’t live in the state that chose him when serving
President of Senate is V.P — does not vote unless Senate votes are divided
Senate chooses own officers and own temporary president if vice president is unavailable or takes presidential office
Allowed to try impeachments, while on oath. President may not be evicted unless 2/3 of the present Senators agree and Chief Justice presides.
No punishment for impeachment other than leaving office, no “office of honor"
Party convicted still punished according to law. Section 9- Powers Denied to Congress Slavery not legislated until 1808
No one in prison without trial (exceptions, rebellion or public safety)
No bill promoting guilt without trial or retroactively acting
No bill without prior census
No tariff on exports by any state
No preference to state's ships at ports
No money taken from treasury without law and receipts given
No title of nobility given or accepted by any member of office Section 10 - Powers Denied to the States States cannot:
enter into a treaty or alliance
grant a document allowing citizens to seize goods from other nations
coin money or print paper money and debts must be paid back in gold and silver.
grant Bill of Attainder
pass law that will break a contract
give title of nobility States cannot place duties on exports or imports unless it is necessary due to inspection laws
The money collected from the duties will be put into the Treasury of the U.S.
Congress can change these laws States cannot :
have a Duty of Tonnage
keep troops or ships in peacetime
make an agreement with other states or nations
engage in war (unless invaded or in immediate danger) Rohit, Kartik, and Rishi Ronnie, Cosmo, and Vishal Treason against the US shall consist only in levying war against them, or helping their enemies in any form
No one is guilty of treason unless there are two witnesses that testify with the same evidence or by an open confession by the accused.
People that commit treason lose the right to receive inheritance under corruption of blood.
The family members of the convicted are not aloud to gain inheritance from the accused as well
•Amendments to the Constitution can be proposed when 2/3 of both houses (Senate and House of Representatives) claim that it is necessary.

•States can also propose amendments when 2/3 of several states vote on it. A convention is called once 2/3 of both houses agree on the proposed amendment.

The said amendment is ratified once 3/4 of the convention agree on it. Section 5
- Both houses have the power to...
judge elections, reelections, and qualifications of members
conduct business with members absent
create rules regarding its meetings
punish or expel members
- Meetings must be recorded and published by each house unless said meeting is deemed to require secrecy.
- Neither house is permitted to suspend a meeting for longer than three days without the other's consent nor can the place of meeting be changed. - Congressmen . . .
are to be paid by the Federal Government
granted immunity from the law while completing their congressional duties
cannot join any other public office during their term of service
- Individuals already holding public office may not obtain a congressional position. No state is allowed to be deprived of equal voting rights in the Senate.

No amendment made before 1808 should affect the ninth section of Article I. By: Neha Raja, Josephine Floyd, Danielle Rafanelli Section 1:
states must acknowledge the
law of other states
enforce laws that would be
enforced in other states Section 2:
1. Everyone = to people in other states
2. If someone is found guilty of a crime and tries to flee to another state and gets caught, they will be returned to the state they fled from
3. A slave/servant who runs away to another state will not be freed --> returned to owner Section 3
1. By Congress' approval, new states are allowed to join the Union
~states cannot “invite” other states to join or combine states to form one state on their own
2. Congress has the power to control all territories belonging to the United States Section 4
U.S guarantees every state a Republican form of government
Every state is protected against invasion and domestic violence Section 1 Establishes Executive Branch President and VP How members are chosen Electors appointed
President of Senate counts votes
Greatest number of votes = President Section 2 Presidential Abilities Can:
Grant pardons
Make treaties with consent of Senate
Appoint officers
Fill empty Senate seats Section 3 Presidential Duties Give advice to Congress
Commune Houses
Postpone meetings
Execute laws
Meet ambassadors of nations Section 4 Impeachment All U.S. officers can be impeached for
Other crimes Is Commander in chief "Teen Charged with Killing girl's parents"

"LITITZ, Pennsylvania (CNN) -- An 18-year-old Pennsylvania man accused of killing the parents of his 14-year-old girlfriend and fleeing with her to Indiana is being held without bail on charges of criminal homicide, kidnapping and reckless endangerment.
David Ludwig was flown back to Pennsylvania and arraigned late Tuesday. Earlier in the day, he had waived an extradition hearing in Indiana." Section 6 Articles of Confederation

No executive Branch or federal court
All power resides in states
Could not legislate for states includes any taxation, law enforcement, commerce regulation, etc.
All states must agree to amend
Could Create Foreign Policy
One vote per state
Congress needed states to volunteer military
Disputes between states largely unresolved – complicated policy for congress intervention
Needed 9/13 to pass a law Constitution

Congress could
Create and enforce taxes
Regulate interstate trade
Raise army
Made a Court system
Executive Branch – President (appoints a cabinet)
2/3 of both houses of Congress + ¾ state legislatures to amend constitution
Senate (equal representation – 2 reps) & House of Reps. (representation based on population)
Federal court handled interstate disputes Constitution – supreme law
Laws passed by 50% + 1 of both houses & Pres. Signature Rhode Island was the only state not present to sign the Constitution John Hancock's Signature Samuel Huntington
President of Congress from 1779-1781
Presided over the adoption of The Articles of Confederation John Adams of Massachusetts was the first Vice-President of the United States and the second President. Samuel Adams
Served in the Continental Congress until 1781
Member of the Massachusetts State Senate from 1781-1788.
He was also known as the “Firebrand of the Revolution” Needed 13/13 to fix articles John Hancock
President of the Second Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence was adopted during his term They still made the Constitution without them Benjamin Franklin
One of the framers of the Constitution
Known as the “Sage of the Convention.”
Oldest signer ( under the rules of the Articles of Confederation) Stephen Hopkins
was the second oldest signer of the Declaration of Independence
served on the committee that was responsible for the creation of the Articles of Confederation. (In tune of "Little Things" by One Direction Article 6 Things Article I Section 1 If a President is removed, resigns, or is impeached, Congress decides what happens next
Set salary for the President
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