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Transcript of Vygotsky
The Zone of Proximal Development defines skills and abilities that are in the process of developing. The ZPD is the range of tasks that one cannot yet perform independently, but can accomplish with the help of a more competent individual. Russian Psychologist Lev Vygotsky was born in 1986. He graduated from the Moscow University and Shaniavsky University. He had training in law, history, philosophy, literature, and education. Vygotsky taught classes in Gomel for seven years after college. Then he did research in psychology. Vygotsky managed to publish seven books and write numerous articles before he died of Tuberculosis in 1934.
Vygotsky's theory does not apply to just young children, but for everyone. Young adults will need guidance as they learn new tasks too. This concept will be utilized by young adults whether they are trying to learn how to shoot free throws in basketball or learning how to solve equations. This how students will learn majority of the new tasks they will face throughout their lives.
Vygotsky's theory is a sociocultural theory. These thoeries focus on impact of socialization and cultural traditions. Children learn by practicing tasks with other people. Vygotsky's theroy, along with other sociocultural theories, raises the issues of nature versus nurture, universality versus diversity, and qualitative versus quantitative changes.
The more competent individual will start by modeling the action and the child will imitate it. They will first require supervision as they perform the task. The child will utilize self-talk, talking to oneself to guide through a task. Then they will switch to inner speech, talking mentally to perform a task. This is also known as internalization. Eventually, the child becomes familiar with the steps so they are able to do the task on their own.
Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
Zone of Proximal
Vygotsky's theory proposed that children learn through interactions with their surrounding culture. The cognitive development of children and adolescents is enhanced when they work in their Zone of Proximal development. To reach the ZPD, children need the help of adults or more competent individuals to support or scaffold them as they are learning new things.
The Zone of Proximal Development defines skills and abilities that are in the process of developing. The ZPD is the range of tasks that one cannot yet perform independently, but can accomplish with the help of a more competent individual.
McDevitt, Teresa M,. And Jeanne Ellis Ormord, Child Development and Education. Boston: Pearson 2013. Print.
http://itls.usu.edu/~mimi/courses/6260/theorists/vygotsky/vygobio.html - biography