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Transcript of Literary Devices
A round character is a major character in a work of
fiction who encounters conflict and is changed by it.
A flat character is a minor character in a work of fiction who does
not undergo substantial change or growth in the course of a story.
The main character of the story.
The character with the conflict.
Usually the good guy.
The character that causes the problem for the protagonist
Usually the bad guy.
Characteristics of a Round Character
usually a main character
usually has hidden qualities that surprise the reader
should undergo a change
has a well developed personality
Characteristics of a Flat Character
Usually a secondary character
Predictable and tends to remain the same
Personality is not well developed
Things happen TO this character, but not WITHIN this character
The Four Types
Man vs. Man
One person against one person
One group against the same sized group.
Man vs. Society
One person or small group
against a much larger group of people.
Man vs. Self
When a person is in conflict with his or herself over a difficult decision or situation.
Man vs. Nature
When man is threatened with death or physical harm by something in nature.
What is going on: who, what, when, & where
The part of the story that reveals the conflict, and then presents all of the complications in the story that lead to the climax.
The situation is at its worst; the most intense emotion in the story
After the climax, characters are working towards resolving the conflict.
Conflict is resolved either positively or negatively. This is the very end of the story.
The underlying meaning of any piece of literature; the general message implied by the specific events; usually expressed as a statement describing some truth about life. (ex. "You have to be a friend to have a friend.")
An unexpected turn in the story, not what you thought was going to happen.
A shift in a story to an earlier event. This interrupts the normal flow of events of a story.
A hint early in the story to what is going to happen later.
1st Person Point of View
The story is told from the perspective of one of the characters using,"I", "me", "my", and "mine".
“My mother said he was trouble the first time I met him. His name was Frankie Pagoda and he had just been catapulted across his yard like a human cannonball and landed badly in ours.”
-Guys Read: The Follower
3rd Person Point of View
The story is told from the perspective of a narrator who is removed from the story using, "he", "she", "they" etc...
“Yollie’s mother, Mrs. Moreno, was a large woman who wore a muumuu and butterfly-shaped glasses. She liked to water her lawn in the evening and wave at low-riders…”
- Baseball in April: Mother and Daughter