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Gulliver's Travels

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John Caiella

on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of Gulliver's Travels

Born: November 30, 1667
Died:October 19.1745 at the age of 77
-Johnathan Swift was born and died in Dublin Ireland

-Widely regarded as the foremost English prose satirist.

- He was also an essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric.

-Swift wrote his own epitaph
poetically translated from the Latin as :
"Swift has sailed into his rest;
Savage indignation there
Cannot lacerate his breast.
Imitate him if you dare,
World-besotted traveller; he Served human liberty."
About the Author
Gulliver's Maps
Maps of Gulliver's travels
Movements/Influences
-Around the time that Swift was writing Gulliver’s Travels he was rumored to have a relationship with Esther Vanhomrigh (whom he called Vanessa). His courtship with her inspired his long and storied poem, "Cadenus and Vanessa." It had also been said that he had a relationship with Anne Long.

-Swift began writing Gulliver’s Travels while leading his congregation at St. Patrick's and it was published in London with the help of friends in 1726.

-Swift may have been inspired to write Gulliver’s travels on historical events that he had lived through including intense political turmoil.

-Though this was after the Age of Discovery, the influence of the discovery of new continents, remote islands, and the colonization of other parts of the world fueled Johnathan Swift's Writing of Gulliver's Travels.
By: Jordan Markham, John Caiella,
Daniel Fields, Ashleigh Thayer, Nicole Copani

Gulliver's Travels
Gulliver's Travels has been adapted into tv shows, cartoons, and movies; the most recent being the 2010 movie staring Jack Black.
Adaptations
List of adaptations
• Gulliver's Travels Movie (2010) Live-action version of Gulliver's adventures in Lilliput
• Albhutha Dweepu (2005) A Malayalam Movie based upon Gulliver's Travels
• Gulliver's Travels Movie (1996): Live-action television mini-series
• Gulliver in Lilliput (1982): Live-action television miniseries
• Gulliver's Travels Movie (1979) : Animated cartoon made in Australia
• Gulliver's Travels Movie(1977): Live action/animated musical
• The Adventures of Gulliver (1968): This animated series
• Gulliver's Travels Movie (1992): Animated television series
• The Three Worlds of Gulliver (1960): The first live action adaptation of Gulliver's Travels, but also incorporating the stop motion animation of Ray Harryhausen.
• Gulliver's Travels Movie (1939): animated feature produced. The film is generally considered one of the best from The Golden Age of Hollywood animation, although it varies widely from the original novel
• The New Gulliver (1935): Russian film about a Soviet schoolboy who dreams about ending up in Lilliput. Notable for its intricate puppetry and a decidedly strange twisting of Swift's tale in favour of Communist ideas. This was the first film to contain stop motion animation in nearly its entire running time.
• Le Voyage de Gulliver à Lilliput et chez les géants: A French short silent adaptation directed by Georges Méliès.

Works cited:
"Gulliver's Travels Films & TV Shows with YouTube Videos of Scenes from the Best Movies - Gulliver's Travels." Gulliver's Travels. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
"Gulliver's Travels (1939) - Full movie." youtube. youtube, 08 Mar. 2013. Web.30 Mar.2014
"Jonathan Swift." 2014. The Biography Channel website. Mar 31 2014, 01:08 http://www.biography.com/people/jonathan-swift-9500342.
Bristow, William. "Enlightenment." Stanford University. Stanford University, 20 Aug. 2010. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Bayne-Powell, Rosamond. "Religion, MoralsFrom Travellers in Eighteenth-Century England by Rosamond Bayne-Powell." Religion, Morals in the 18th Century: 'Travellers in 18th Century England' N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
"Music of the Baroque." Baroque Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Farrer, Angela, and W. Everett. "Baroque Art." WiseGeek. Conjecture, 21 Mar. 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
"The Basics of Art: The Baroque Period." The Art of Manliness RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2014.
Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism; Four Essays. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1971. Print.
Jonathan Swift and 'Gulliver's Travels' by Abigail Williams, Kate O'Connor at http://writersinspire.org/content/jonathan-swift-gullivers-travels. Accessed on Monday, April 07, 2014.
"Menippean satire." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 08 Apr. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/375088/Menippean-satire>.
"Scriblerus Club." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 08 Apr. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/529970/Scriblerus-Club>.
Jonathan Swift and 'Gulliver's Travels' by Abigail Williams, Kate O'Connor at http://writersinspire.org/content/jonathan-swift-gullivers-travels. Accessed on Monday, April 07, 2014.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/St-Anne_church_Krakow_003.JPG
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-o4a7Q4w6rms/TyF2NtVA4wI/AAAAAAAAV_s/BZ5mtqS-oBE/s1600/baroque-church2.jpg
http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/artists/artists_l-z/trinquesse/Interiorwithtwoladiesandagentleman.jpg
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ifG6uOKJu5Y/T4ZDeFq-C1I/AAAAAAAAA00/gYAtPy7vLhg/s1600/800px-Ceiling_painting_of_the_Marble_Hall_-_Melk_Abbey_-_Austria_.jpg
http://www.allpaintings.org/d/21950-1/Andrea+Pozzo+-+Ceiling+of+the+church+of+Sant_Ignazio+in+Rome_+Italy.jpg
http://image.slidesharecdn.com/religionandthechurchoriginal-121115121226-phpapp01/95/slide-6-638.jpg?cb=1353003202
http://media.stuffjournalistslike.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/stuff-journalists-like-steven-colbert.jpg
http://library.vicu.utoronto.ca/exhibitions/nfrye100/images/homepage/1.jpg
http://books.google.com/books?id=eP8NAQAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&img=1&zoom=1&imgtk=AFLRE70y0scrXrBCK0uatUKVJkXAtoHxEK8tnNAotdNL4GPmLb6wynM0HL1bu-P_1OLY7cewe9mvzb9NtmU2S7XDvNSO_SnZ2ZTALp7t7eHw2dWIxo753s0
http://library.sc.edu/spcoll/mexico/images/casas.jpg
http://assets.nydailynews.com/polopoly_fs/1.1639835!img/httpImage/url-5-jpg.jpg
http://www.bookdrum.com/images/books/150115_m.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Map_of_Houyhnhnms_land.jpg/220px-Map_of_Houyhnhnms_land.jpg
"Gulliver's Travels: Metaphor Analysis." Novelguide. N.P., n.d. Web. 8 Apr 2014. <http://www.novelguide.com/gullivers-travels/metaphor-analysis>.
1977 Peter Hunt
1939 Max Fleischer
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17157/17157-h/17157-h.htm
Culture of 18th Century England
The Baroque Period (1600-1750)
Religion
-Ornate
-Intricate lines
- Often had Religious themes
From the Portugese
"Barracco" which means misshapen pearl.
You may note the
ornate lines present
in the music as well.
Contrasts of loud and soft
mirroring the exaggerated
light and dark of paintings during
the time.
Enlightenment
-Emphasis on individualism
-"Age of Reason"
-Scientific Revolution
-Opposed intolerance


Authors
and writings of Baroque Period (Augustan Literature)
-Richly Detailed descriptions
-Layered Meaning
-Heavy use of Metaphor
-Realism
Prose Authors: Joseph Addison, Richard Steele
Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson,
Johnathon Swift
Images used:
“In which contemporary institutions, conventions, and ideas were criticized in a mocking satiric style that mingled prose and verse. The form often employed a variety of striking and unusual settings, such as the descent into Hades.”
-Encyclopedia Britanica
Menippean Satire
Northrup Frye
“The novelist sees evil and folly as social diseases, but the Menippean satirist sees them as diseases of the intellect”
Scriblerus Club
Alexander Pope, Jonathan Swift, John Gay, Thomas Parnell, and John Arbuthnot.
Witty writers who collaborated on "Memoirs of Martinus Scriblerus"
"Its purpose was to ridicule pretentious erudition and scholarly jargon through the person of a fictitious literary hack, Martinus Scriblerus."
Richard Hakluyt, Samuel Purchas, and William Dampier
"Mariners Magazine" by Captain Samuel Sturmy
Travel Writing
Alice in Wonderland, Lewis Carol
Finnegan’s Wake, James Joyce
Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, Douglas Adams

Examples
-Strides in religious tolerance, Act of Toleration 1689

- New sects of Protestant Christianity, Evangelical, Methodist

-England becoming less religious, but still used as a method of control for lower class.

-English people's intolerant to Jewish and catholic peoples.
The Lilliputians
The lilliputians represent the pompous attitudes of the English.
Swifts make them little to mock this attitude, swift pokes fun at the vice that is part of their everyday government
The Brobingnagians
This group of people represent the good side of humanity, one without a hypocritical government.
The way that Gulliver is portrayed in this section of the novel demonstrates the insecurity that people felt as a result of their government, the giants were kind but still made him their play toy.
The Laputans
-The Laputans represent a group of people that think so outside of the box they are ignorant to every day life.
-They symbolize the ignorance and underminded thinking that humans possess.
The Houyhnhnms

-These people represent reason and virtue
-They represent the ethical side of humanity.
The Yahoos
-The yahoos represent all that is wrong with the world.
-They are angry, dirty people that Gulliver does not wish to associate with.
-They symbolize humans as being worse than them because they have the ability to choose what they'd do and they often choose to behave like the Yahoos.
Don Pedro De Mendez
-Represents the ideal human being.
-He helps Gulliver readjust to what society really is after travelling and meeting these different people.
Full transcript