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Elements of Shakespearean Tragedy
Transcript of Elements of Shakespearean Tragedy
Death is meaningful
hubris, or pride, leads to poor decisions
Hamartia = the tragic hero's flaw Common Characteristics Wealthy king or leader whose actions affect everyone
Perepeteia = a change in fortune caused by the tragic flaw
blind to reality
suffers internally and externally
has a meaningful death that contributes to a greater cause The hamartia leads to the peripeteia, the destructive actions made by the tragic hero.
The gaining of knowledge is known as anagnorisis. Tragic Heroes Julius Caesar Brutus High standing senator who wanted more power
Hamartia = his ambition, pride, and indecisive actions
his pride caused him to ignore the advice he was given, which led to his death by murder Highly respected senator
Cared more about Rome and its citizens than himself
Hamartia = naive and believed that all men were good
His tragic flaw allowed him to be taken advantage of and led to his death by suicide Works Cited "Elements of a Tragic Hero in Literature." "Julius Caesar- Tragic Hero." Studymode.com. N.P., McManus, Barbara. "Outline of Aristotle's Theory of Shakespeare.nuvvo.com. Savvica Inc., 2008-2012. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. 1999. Web. 27. Feb. 2013. Tragedy in the Poetics." Cnr.edu. N.P., 1999. 26 Feb. 2013. Tragic Conflict External Conflict Internal Conflict Resolve The struggle between the main character and an outside force in a literary work such as nature or other characters. Usage in Julius Caesar Structure of Shakespearean Tragedy The struggle between the main character and his/herself throughout a literary work. Usually a psychological conflict. Exposition
Glimpse of Restored Order Conspiracy against Julius Caesar
Relationship between Brutus and Caesar
Character vs. Society External Guilt
Struggles within each of the characters, especially Brutus. Internal Peace is restored Kellam, Sarah. "Englishperiodfive - Comparison of "Internal Conflict." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, "External Conflict." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, The Supernatural, Fate, and Chance The Supernatural Used in the development of characters Supernatural Uses in Plays Hamlet Macbeth A Midsummer Night's Dream Ghosts entertain and provoke revenge. Fairies are used to comically entertain. Witches
Floating dagger incites murder Fate perceived through soothsayers Chance and Fate Uses in Julius Caesar Soothsayers warn Caesar of his doom. To Summarize The supernatural is a powerful tool enhancing and developing Shakespeare's tragedies. 2013. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. 2013. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. Julius Caesar and Oedipus Rex."
Englishperiodfive - Comparison of Julius
Caesar and Oedipus Rex. N.p., Mar. 2011.
Web. 28 Feb. 2013. "The Elements of a Tragedy." Schoolfusion. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2013. Chowdhury, Sarah, and Nadera Rahman. AP English Martinez, Ann. "Speakers of Truth: Shakespeare, "Supernatural Elements in Shakespeare's Plays." Web "Supernatural in Shakespeare's Plays." Field of Themes. Major Works Data Sheet. N.p., n.d. Web.
28 Feb. 2013. Prophecy, and the Jacobean Audience."
Web log post. The Shakespearean
Immaterial. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. log post. Literature Out Loud. N.p., n.d. Web.
28 Feb. 2013. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. Exposition Establishes the Setting
Sets the Tone and Mood of the Play
Generally Introduces Key Characters, but not the Tragic Hero Exciting Force Introduces the Conflict
Initiates the Momentum of the Play Hamartia Mistakes Made Due to the Tragic Flaw of the Hero
Main Cause of Catastrophe
Hero Still Possesses Control of his Fate Crisis Major Turning Point
Serves as the Climax of the Play
Result of the Hamartia
From This Point on, Control Seems to Leave the Hero on his Inevitable Fall Tragic Force Downward Fall of the Hero
Leads up to the Catastrophe
Hero has Little Control
Events After the Crisis Catastrophe The Inevitable Death of the Hero
Resolution to the Conflict Glimpse of Restored Order Resolution
Events After the Hero's Death
Depict Restored Society Elements of Shakespearean Tragedy Patterns of Shakespearean Tragedies Lack of Control Structure
The Supernatural, Fate, and Chance Tragic Conflict "The Shakespearean Tragedy." St-Clair. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2013. "Structure of a Shakespearean Tragedy." Colonelby. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2013 Tragic Hero Tragic Hero Tragic Hero realizes Tragic Flaw Final Conflict Everyone dies Death of Hero Realization of Tragic Flaw Confrontation of the Hero Murder Miscommunication Increasing Urgency Connects with the audience's beliefs Deeply integrates and defines the plays of Shakespeare. Acts as a catalyst for action Produces Drama The Supernatural,
Fate, and Chance Chance used to relate to the audiences lives Too much chance destroys the tragic fate and is thus overshadowed. Ghostly Caesar proclaims Brutis' Defeat The Supernatural,
Fate, and Chance