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Franco, Hitler & Mussolini
Transcript of Franco, Hitler & Mussolini
Franco, Hitler & Mussolini
Facts about Benito...
(1892 - 1975)
We are researching these guys....
a few facts...
Francisco Franco was a Spanish Military leader and dictator
he ruled from 1936
until his death (1975)
he lead the Nationalists to victory in the Spanish Civil War
he was the longest ruling dictator in European history
39 or so years...
he was educated at the Toledo Infantry Academy
he served in Spanish Morocco from 1910 - 1927
in 1927 he was promoted to full general and made principal of Saragossa Military Academy
in 1940, he declined Hitler's request to join the Axis in WW2
when he died in November 1975, Prince Juan Carlos (grandson of Spain's former king Alfonso VIII) became head of state
(1883 - 1945)
he was drafted into the Italian army in September 1915
in march 1919, he formed the Fascist party, galvanising the support of many unemployed war veterans
he organised them into armed squads known as Black Shirts, who terrorised their political opponents
By October 1922, Italy seemed to be slipping into political chaos. The Black Shirts marched on Rome and Mussolini presented himself as the only man capable of restoring order. King Victor Emmanuel invited Mussolini to form a government.
In 1935, Mussolini invaded Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) and incorporated it into his new Italian Empire. He also provided military support to Franco in the Spanish Civil War. Increasing co-operation with Nazi Germany culminated in the 1939 Pact of Steel. Influenced by Hitler, Mussolini began to introduce anti-Jewish legislation in Italy. His declaration of war on Britain and France in June 1940 exposed Italian military weakness and was followed by a series of defeats in North and East Africa and the Balkans.
..and by 1942 a lot of Italians were unhappy with Mussolini as their leader and fired him from his role of power.
In 1943 he was captured but escaped only to be
recaptured and killed by Italian Parsians on the 28 April 1945...
...and then there's Hitler.
(we assume you know the basic evil stuff he did)
But around 1938, Mussolini go upset 'cos Hitler wasn't treating him as an equal partner...
Thanks for watching!
Mussolini gradually dismantled the institutions of democratic government and in 1925 made himself dictator, taking the title 'Il Duce'. He set about attempting to re-establish Italy as a great European power. The regime was held together by strong state control and Mussolini's cult of personality.