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Double/Doppelganger in Frankenstein

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by

Jacqueline Hymers

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Double/Doppelganger in Frankenstein

Introduction
In the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley she uses doppelganger to represent the creature as a double of his creature Victor. The monster although hideous in appearance is a well educated creature, who feels pity and regret which is something that Victor is missing. Victor is aggressive, commits vulgar acts and is obsessed with proving his ability to create life. They represent the missing side of each other and this can be shown through the differences in Head from heart, Inner beauty and Power verses weakness between the characters. The Monster and Victor represent the opposites of each other with each representing the traits that the other does not have.
Double/Doppelganger in Frankenstein
Inner Beauty
A considerable period elapsed before i discovered one of the causes of the uneasiness of this amiable family: it was poverty, and they suffered that evil in a very distressing degree. Their nourishment consisted entirely of the vegetables of their garden and the milk of one cow, which gave very little during the winter, when its masters could scarcely procure food to support it. They often i believe, suffered the pangs of hunger very poignantly, especially the two younger cottagers, for several times they placed food before the old man when they reserved none for themselves. this trait of kindness moved me sensibly. I had been accustomed, during the night, to steal a part of their store for my own consumption, but when i found that in doing this I inflicted pain on the cottagers, I abstained and satisfied myself with berries, buts, and roots which i gathered from a neighboring wood.
Definition of Double/Doppelganger
a ghostly double or counterpart of a living person.
Head From Heart
Victor
- Dictionary.com
"My limbs now tremble, and yes my eyes swim with the remembrance; but then a resistless and almost frantic impulse urged me forward; I seem to have lost all soul or sensation but for this one pursuit. It was indeed but a passing trance, that only made me feel with renewed acuteness as soon as, the unnatural stimulus ceasing to operate, I had returned to my old habits. I collected bones from charnel-houses and disturbed, with profane fingers, the tremendous secrets of the human frame. In solitary chamber, or rather cell, at the top of the house, and separated from all the other apartments by a gallery and staircase, I kept my workshop of filthy creation; my eyeballs were starting from their sockets in attending to the detailed of my employment. The dissecting room and the slaughter house furnished many of my materials; and often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, whilst, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increases, I brought my work near to a conclusion." - Page 55
"Such were the professor's words-rather let me say such the words of fate-enounced to destroy me. As he went on i felt as if my soul were grappling with a palpable enemy; one by one the various keys were touched which formed the mechanisms, of my being; chord after chord was sounded, and soon my mind was filled with one though, one conception, one purpose. So much has been done , exclaimed the soul of Frankenstein-more, far more, will i achieve; reading in the steps already marked, i will pioneer a new way to explore unkown powers, and unfold to the world the deepest mysteries of creation." - Page 46
Kind Vs. Mean
The Monster
Power Vs. Weakness
“No one can conceive the variety of feelings which bore me onwards, like a hurricane, in the first enthusiasm of success. Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds, which I should first break through, and pour a torrent of light into our dark world. A new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me.” - page 51
Victor
The Monster
“I am alone, and miserable; man will not associate with me, but one as deformed and horrible as myself would not deny herself to me." - Page 173
Victor
"Justine also was a girl of merit and possessed qualities which promised to render her life happy; now all was to be obliterated in an ignominious grace, and I the cause! now all was to be obliterated in an ignominious grave, and I the cause! A thousand times rather would i have confessed myself guilty of the crim ascribed to Justine, but i was absent when it was commited, and such a declaration would have been considered as the ravings of a madman ." - Page 90
"What hope can I gather from your fellow creatures, who owe me nothing? the spurn and hate me. Desert mountains and deary glaciers are my refuge. I have wandered her many days; the caves of ice, which I only do not fear, are a dwelling to me, and the only one which man does not grudge. The bleak skies I hail, for they are kinder to me that your fellow beings. If mankind knew of my existence, they would do as you do, and arm themselves for my destruction. Shall i not then hate them who abhor me? I will keep no terms with my enemies. I am miserable, and they shall share my wretchedness. Yet it is in your power to recompense me, and deliver them from an evil which it only remains for you to make so great." - Page 115
"I continued to wind among the paths of the wood, until I came to its boundary, which was skirted by a deep and rapid river, into which many of the trees bent their branches, now budding with the fresh spring. Here I paused, not exactly knowing what path to pursue, when I heard the sound of voices that induced me to conceal myself under the shade of a cypress. I was scarcely hid, when a young girl came running towards the spot where I was concealed, laughing, as if she ran from some one in sport. She continued her course along the precipitous sides of the river, when suddenly her foot slipt, and she fell into the rapid stream. I rushed from my hiding-place; and, with extreme labour from the force of the current, saved her, and dragged her to shore. She was senseless; and I endeavoured by every means in my power to restore animation" - Page 168
Conclusion
Questions
Monster:
"I continued to wind among the paths of the wood, until I came to its boundary, which was skirted by a deep and rapid river, into which many of the trees bent their branches, now budding with the fresh spring. Here I paused, not exactly knowing what path to pursue, when I heard the sound of voices that induced me to conceal myself under the shade of a cypress. I was scarcely hid, when a young girl came running towards the spot where I was concealed, laughing, as if she ran from some one in sport. She continued her course along the precipitous sides of the river, when suddenly her foot slipt, and she fell into the rapid stream. I rushed from my hiding-place; and, with extreme labour from the force of the current, saved her, and dragged her to shore. She was senseless; and I endeavoured by every means in my power to restore animation
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