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Intro to Shakespeare
Transcript of Intro to Shakespeare
Considered the greatest writer in English
Considered greatest writer on Earth
Born in England
Son of a glove maker
Moved to London
Became an actor
Purchased Globe Theater
How is a "good" writer decided?
Shakespeare never wanted his plays to be read. He wanted audience to see and feel the words come to life.
This concept is what made Shakespeare so famous, even today.
1590's plays cost 4 cents
Movie theater refreshments
West Pennsylvania, 100 years later
Shakespeare never had to give a single refund!
Queen Elizabeth I
King James I
Shakespeare wrote for the uneducated.
40% (1 in 2)
BREAK A LEG!
Shakespeare wrote plays for the "dumb droolers" up front.
Macbeth - witches
Julius Caesar - conspirator can't wait to stab Caesar
Romeo and Juliet BEST PLAY
SIX NEED TO KNOW FACTS
Shakespeare Christening, April 26, 1564
Marriage License to Anne Hathwey, November 28, 1582
First child Christening, May 26, 1583
Twins Christening, February 2, 1585
Name appears in print, 1592 (Robert Green)
Death Certificate, April 23, 1616
3 periods of English Language
1. Old English
2. Middle English
3. Modern English
Wrote 38 plays
Wrote 154 sonnets
Wrote 17,677 words, of which, he invented over 1700
Coined several hundred phrases
His plays include 13 suicides
Act I, Scene 1
Handsome teenage boy - Romeo
Beautiful young girl - Juliet
People paid attention for physical attraction alone.
Shakespeare gives you THREE things:
Super natural creatures
Without these things, people would not pay attention. Sound familiar?
3 beautiful daughters...
Who is good?
An 8 year old child could tell you!
If a 5th grader can do it, why can't high school students?
Shakespeare wrote comedies, tragedies, histories, long poems, short poems, and sonnets.
Freshmen: Romeo Juliet
Sophomores: Midsummer's Night Dream
Comp I: Othello
Comp II: King Lear
You know it's tragedy if a high level society person falls in the end.
What is the first line?
If you've ever been footloose and fancy free, if you've ever thanked somebody from the bottom of your heart, if you've ever been left high and dry, if you ever took a test you thought was a piece of cake, if you've ever refused to budge an inch, if you've ever been tongue tied, a tower of strength, hood-winked, or in a pickle...if you've ever knitted your brow, made a virtue of necessity, insisted on fair play, slept not one wink, stood on ceremony, laughed yourself into stitches, had cold comfort or too much of a good thing...if you've ever cleared out bag and baggage cause you thought it was high time and that is the long and short of it...if you've ever believed the game was up even if it involves your own flesh and blood, if you ever lie low til the crack of dawn through thick and thin, because you suspect foul play, if you now bid me good-riddens and and send me packing, if you wish I was as dead as a doornail, if you think I am an eye-sore, a laughing stalk, a stone-hearted villain, bloody-minded, or a blithering idiot, well then...by jove, oh lord, tut tut, for goodness sake (and my personal favorite), what the dickens, it is all one to me even if it is Greek to you, for you are quoting Shakespeare.
Most information provided by:
Professor Elliot Engel
How William Became Shakespeare
Only writer to invent phrases that people would take home and re-use.
To this day we quote Shakespeare without giving him credit.
Pick up the CLASS COPY of Shakespeare's World and the notes for Shakespeare World.
COMPLETE the notes from Shakespeare's World, page 926 and literary terms on page 930.
We will start class on the hour! Be prepared to take LOTS OF NOTES!!!
There will be a QUIZ on Friday over terms and notes.
- original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based
- unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
- rhymed pair of lines (rhythmic pattern)
Ex. “From what I’ve tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.”
- rhyming within a line.
Ex. "Once upon a midnight
, while I pondered, weak and
- words out of order
Ex. “Powerful you have become, the dark side I sense in you.”
- when someone from high level of society falls to their destruction/death
- the one who falls
- a flaw that causes our tragic hero to fall
- Harry Potter (not really a tragedy, because it has a happy ending)
- Severus Snape
- loyalty to Dumbledore and love for Lily causes his death by the antagonist (Voldermort)
- character whose actions and attitude contrast sharply with another character (Harry Potter vs. Draco Malfoy)
- speech given to other actors by ONE actor (mono)
- speech given by one person alone (solo) expressing thoughts or feelings
- actor talks directly to audience or another character --- meaning for the audience to hear but not the other characters on stage
-plots and characters are developed through dialogue and action
- short addition at the end of a literary work about the characters
- division of an entire play
- division of an ACT
- sets the stage - often reveals the play
- Beauty and the Beast (not really a tragedy, because it has a happy ending)
- Gaston (Protagonist)
- Belle (loyalty to father and odd ball), Gaston (arrogant)
- Beast is the foil to Gaston
- Comic relief consists of humorous scenes, incidents, or speeches that are included in a serious drama to provide a reduction in emotional intensity.
LaFou is the
- a strong, regular pattern of movement or sound
- a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in verse
- metrical feet with two syllables (unstressed followed by stressed)
- a line has five of three feet
never said I killed the King.
said I killed the King.
I killed the King.
I never said
killed the King.
I never said I
I never said I killed
I never said I killed the
- lyric poem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter