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Study of the Case of the City that is Windy

Chicago Case Study.

Andy Chen

on 17 November 2013

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Transcript of Study of the Case of the City that is Windy

Between 1990 and 2000, Chicago's population grew 4%, from 2,783,726 to 2,896,016

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,896,016 people, 1,061,928 households, and 632,909 families residing within Chicago

In 2000, in the larger Chicago Metropolitan Area, i.e. the city plus its suburbs, there was a total of 9,157,450 residents.

A 2007 estimate showed the population to be at around 2,859,700 people.

A 2005 estimate showed the population to be at around 2,842,518 people.

The growth rate between 2005 and 2007 is around only 1%
The percentage of women executive officers increased to 14.9% from 14.4%, rising for the second straight year

The percentage of women top earners increased to 7.7% from 6%.

The percentage of all new executives who are women fell to 21.5% from 24% last year

The sheer spending power of women — a $13 trillion market in 2009, will rise to $18 trillion in 2014, according to a September 2009 Harvard Business Review article.
Women in Chicago
Chicago's Diversity
The racial makeup of the city was 41.97% white, 36.77% black, 4.35% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.36% Native American, 26.02% of the population were Hispanic of any race.

21.72% of the population was foreign born; of this, 56.29% came from Latin America, 23.13% from Europe, 17.96% from Asia and 2.62% from other parts of the world.

Within Chicago today, there are forty languages spoken

As of the 2007 US Census American Community Survey the largest white ancestries were: 1) Irish: (201,836); 2) German: (200,392); 3) Polish: (179,868) 4) English: (60,370)
The Study of the Case of the City that is called Chicago, Illinois
Taking Action
More public transportation

More usage of renewable energy sources such as wind/solar energy

Old infrastructure in cities are usually left alone until they are on the verge of failing. Until then, as long as it works, there isn't any need to replace or repair it.

Fixing old sidewalks, crosswalks, and streetlights can not only enhance curb appeal, if eco-friendly materials are used the fixes/replacements could actually make the city more environmentally-friendly.
What Can Chicago do?
Repave old streets with new materials

Its nickname is the "Windy City," so wind turbines should be installed wherever practicle

Because it is such a large city, there must be a lot of sewage, so it can use bio-gas (gas produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absense of oxygen; generally methane and carbon dioxide) as a source of energy.

Methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen to be used as fuel.

Something as simple as lightening surface colors can reduce the need for air conditioning, a massive energy demand source.

Slowing down or decreasing urban sprawl will also help to make Chicago more sustainable.
Auto-CAD: Art Institute of Chicago
Chicago is a French rendition of the Native American word shikaakwa, which means “wild onion.”

Mid-18th century, the Chicago area was initially inhabited by a number of Algonquian people, including the Mascoutens and Miamis.

1779 first permanent settlement established near the mouth of Chicago River

By 1833, Native Americans were completely removed from the land as the town of Chicago was created.

In 1871, a huge fire started in Chicago, destroying a third of the city; the fire became known as the Great Chicago Fire

. The damage from the fire was immense; 300 people died, 18,000 buildings were destroyed and nearly 100,000 of the city's 300,000 residents were left homeless

Between 1870 and 1900 Chicago grew from a city of 299,000 to nearly 1.7 million, the fastest-growing city ever at the time
Infrastructure and City Planning
During spring Chicago was so muddy from the high water that horses would be stuck past their legs in the street. One dirt road was so hazardous that it became known as the "Slough of Despond".

To address these transportation problems, the board of Cook County commissioners, decided to improve two country roads toward the West and Southwest. The first road went west, crossing the "dismal Nine-mile Swamp," crossed the Des Plaines River, and went southwest to Walker's Grove, now the Village of Plainfield

Chicago's first railway was created in 1838

The Illinois and Michigan Canal was also opened, allowing steamboats and other forms of water transportation to further improve accessibility.

In 1856, there was a plan passed which caused much of Chicago's sewage and industrial waste to be dumped directly into Lake Michigan.

75% of the city's energy is nuclear.
Current Issues
The inner city of Chicago has always been fairly dense, as the early city's booming economy brought in many immigrant workers and other businessmen

Surprisingly, there are no extraordinary health issues in Chicago. Most of Chicago's industrial waste from the 20th century has been incinerated or sent to landfills, preventing these problems.

Crime rates have gone down significantly over the years, due to the relative lack of organized crime.

Safety is no longer a large concern because of Chicago's good, yet still decreasing crime rates.

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