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What are my options if I don't go to college?

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Erin O'Connor

on 3 November 2014

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Transcript of What are my options if I don't go to college?

What are my options if I don't go to college?
Nurses' Assistant
Electrician
Plumber
Truck Driver
Food Preparation Worker
Carpenter
Automotive Mechanic
Military
Waiter/Waitress
Computer Support Specialist
Childcare Worker
Hairstylist
Resources
References
Research/Statistics
How to get started
Job corps
Talk to your parents/guardians
Communicate and seek guidance from your school counselor
Visit your school local community career resource center
Take vocational classes during high school
www.bls.gov

www.onetonline.org

www.trade-schools.net

www.ooida.com

Career Inventories:

-ASVB
-My Next Move
-Self-Directed Search
-Focus 2

Paige Hochstatter
Erin O'Connor
Alex Fireman
By:
Helps students earn high school diploma or GED

Targets students 16-24 years old

Only available to financially disadvantaged students
Step 1: apply to program (get accepted)

Step 2: prepare for a career (learn personal responsibility and job search skills, create career plans with staff

Step 3: career development period (learn technical, communication, and critical thinking skills)
Step 4: career transition period (find job, living arrangements, contact staff if help needed, complete surveys to measure career satisfaction)
Cost Benefit Analysis of Job Corps (Long, Mallar, Thorton, 1981)

-Helps people find work
-Reduces crime rate
-People typically excel in their careers

*Overall social net worth measure by reductions in arrest about $2,000 per Corpsmember
1. Cannot afford it
2. No one in family has gone to college
3. Did not do well in high school
4. Do not know how to choose a college
5. Do not know what I want to do
6. Currently earn good money at my job
(Faubert, 2007)
-College-bound students reported significantly higher exploration and
world of work knowledge than work-bound or non-college bound students.

-Non-college bound students may make decisions without thorough career information or understanding of the working world.

-Self-reports indicate non-college bound students have lower self-esteem than
college-bound students, which may be a factor for students who choose not to further their education. (Creed, 2010)
-Vocational courses help non-college bound students find jobs more than academic courses. (Mane, 1998)

-Staying on schedule
-Making automotive repairs
-Driving long distances
-Record keeping
18.00/hr.
40,000/year.
Realistic/Working with Things: Computer Support Specialist, truck driver, carpenter, mechanic, electrician, plumber, food preparation worker

Artistic/Working with Ideas & People: Hairstylist

Social/Working with people: CNA, waiter/waitress, childcare worker

Enterprising/Working with people & data: Retail Salesperson

Conventional/Working with things & data: Receptionist

Investigative/Working with ideas & things: Chemical Technician
Truck Driving Study Min & Lambert, (2002)

High turnover rate
Most people who do quit move to other companies
Very young and very experienced drivers tend to stay with same company

Recommendations:
Appropriate pay raise
Create more efficient truck driving routes

Operator Owner Independent Truck Driver's Association
Military
Pay rate and jobs can vary
Go to military.com to learn more
Topics include:
Military News
Possible Jobs in the military
How to prepare for military
To Enlist in the military:
Take Armed Services Vocational Battery
Tested in following areas:
-Math
-Reading
-Electronics
-Auto/Shop
-Mechanical Information
-Pass the Physical exam
-Meet with a counselor to determine a career
-Take the Oath of enlistment
-Direct ship or delayed entry
*Recruits are either taken to basic training within 2 days to 2 months of signing up or enlistment is delayed for up to a year (popular with HS students)
Realistic
Working with things
Artistic
Working with
ideas & people

Social
Working with people
Computer Support Specialist
Truck Driver
Carpenter
Auto Mechanic
Electrician
Plumber
Food Preparation Worker
Nurses' Assistant
Waiter/Waitress
Childcare Worker
Hairstylist
9% growth rate (slower than average)
Job opportunities considered "good"
Enter orders (use technology)
Take customers' orders (writing skills)
Manage money (math)
Faster than average (BLS)
Expected to grow 21% from 2010 to 2020
Requires 1 to 5 years of experience
Some require High School Diploma or equivalent
License required sometimes (CDL-Commercial Driver's License)
Creed, P. A., Patton, W., Hood, M. (2010). Career development and personal functioning differences between work-bound and non-work bound students. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76, 37-41.
Faubert, J. (2007). Retried from: Top Five Reasons Students Don’t want to Attend College http://www.imagine-america.org/inside-imagine-america-newsletter/spring-2007/featured
Mane, F. (1998). Trends in the payoff to academic and occupation-specific skills: The short and medium run returns to academic and vocational high school courses for non-college bound students. Economics of Education Review, 18, 417-437.
"Non-College-Bound Youth (NCBY) are Americans between the ages of 15 and 29 who have never attended college and are not currently on a course to do so. Although most students who graduate from high school go on to college, as many as one in four adolescents do not complete high school. As a result, NCBY represent about 50 percent of the whole youth population (Zaff et al., 2009, pp. 7).
"In today's society, there are two truisms: You absolutely need some type of post-high school education to survive in today's work force, and not everybody is cut out for a traditional four-year college (Poremba, online).
Computer Support Specialists provide technical assistance to computer users, answer questions or resolve computer problems for clients in person, or via telephone or electronically. (O*NET)
Overview:
Become one:
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Average
Vocational school training
On the job training
Associate's Degree
$22.91/hourly
$47,660/annually
"Childcare workers care for children when parents and other family members are unavailable. They care for children’s basic needs, such as bathing and feeding. In addition, some help children prepare for kindergarten, and many help older children with homework". (O*NET)
Overview:
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Become one:
High School Diploma
$9.34/hourly
$19,430/annually
Faster than average
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Become one:
Overview:
Cosmetology school
-Usually requires 1500-2200 training hours
*Regency in Aurora, IL
$10.85/hourly
$22,570/annually
Average
Employment Assistance for veterans: Federal outreach and hiring programs (2012). Congressional Digest. 91, Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com
Min, H., & Lambert, T. (2002). Truck driver shortage revisited. Transportation Journal. 42, Retrieved from www.search.ebscohost.com
Long, D. A., Mallar, C. D., & Thornton, C. V. D. (1981). Evaluating the benefits and costs of the job corps. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 1, 55-76.
ONET Online. (2012). Retrieved from www.onetonline.org
Qualities:
Interpersonal skills
Listening skills
Problem-solving skills
Speaking skills
Writing skills
Qualities:
Communication
Instructional skills
Patience
People skills
Physical stamina
Qualities:
Creativity
Customer-service
Listening skills
Stamina
Time-management
Overview:
Pay(2011):
Qualities:
Become one:
Outlook/Growth:
Overview:
Pay (2011):
Qualities:
Outlook/Growth:
Become one:
Qualifications:
Overview:
Pay (2011):
Qualities:
Outlook/Growth:
Qualifications:
Become one:
Overview:
Pay (2011):
Qualities:
Become one:
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Overview:
Pay (2011):
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Become one:
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Overview:
Pay (2011):
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Become one:
Qualities:
Help provide basic care for patients in hospitals and residents of long-care facilities, or residential: clean, bathe, toilet, dress, transfer, record concerns, measure vitals, meal help (BLS).
Compassion
Speaking skills
Patience
$11.23 hourly

$24,190 annually
Expected to grow 20% from 2010 to 2020
•High school diploma required
•Earn certificate- learn basic skills and complete supervised clinical work
•Programs in community colleges, vocational, technical school, hospitals and nursing homes
•CNA- passes competency exam
Inspect, maintain, and repair cars and light trucks (BLS)
Customer service
Detail oriented
Mechanical skills
Technical skills Troubleshooting skills
$17.39 hourly

$36,180 annually
Expected to grow 17% from 2010 to 2020

Looking for right skills and education
• Vocational or post secondary training program (6 months to a year)
• Associate degree (2 years)
Some manufacturers and dealers sponsor programs
Work and go to school
• 2-5 years of experience to become qualified
• Certification- eight areas
Install and maintain electrical systems in homes, businesses and factories (BLS)
Color vision
Critical thinking skills
Customer service skills
Managerial skills
Troubleshooting skills
$23.71 hourly
$49,320 annually
*Starting apprentice 30-50% of fully trained
23% expected increase
Depends on economy
4 year apprenticeship
Each year of program 144 hours technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training
Learn- electrical theory, blueprint reading, math, electrical code requirements, safety, first aid, soldering, communications, fire alarm systems, and elevators
Can qualify for construction and maintenance work
Continuing education courses
18 years old
High school diploma or equivalent
One year of algebra
Qualifying score on aptitude test
Drug free
Qualifications:
Construct and repair building frameworks (BLS)
Detail oriented
Math skills
Hand-eye coordination
Physical strength
Problem solving skills
Stamina
18 years old
High school education or equivalent
Physically able to work
U.S. citizen
Pass drug test
•3-4 year apprenticeship
–144 hours paid technical training, 2,000 paid on-the-job training
•Learned skills: blueprint reading, math, building code requirements, concrete, scaffold building, rigging, safety, and first aid
•Completed= journey worker (on their own)
$19.24 hourly

$40, 010 annually
Projected to grow 20% from 2010-2020.
Depends on economy and construction activity
Install and repair pipes that carry water to in businesses, homes and factories (BLS)
•4-5 year apprenticeship
Each year 1700-2000 hours of on-the-job training
Min. 246 hours of relates technical education
•Learn safety, local plumbing codes and regulations, how to read blueprints, math, physics, and chemistry.
18 years old
High school diploma or equivalent
Pass basic math test
Pass drug test
Know how to use computers
Customer service skills
Managerial skills
Physical strength
Troubleshooting skills
$22.96 hourly

$47,750 annually
•Projected to grow 26% from 2010 to 2020
•Retirement
• Employers are having hard time finding qualified workers
• Welding experience makes more marketable
Perform routine tasks under guidance of cooks or food supervisors. Prepare cold foods, slice meats, peel and cut vegetables, brew coffee or tea and do other tasks (BLS)
-No formal education
-Obtain skills through short term on the job training (several weeks)
-Kitchen helpers, progress after learning basic knife skills
-Basic sanitation, workplace safety, handle, prepare and cook food
Listening skills
Manual dexterityStamina
Teamwork
9.27 hourly

$19,270 annually
Expected to grow 10% from 2010-2020
Good because of turnover
Poremba, S.M. Alternative Options for Non-College Bound Teens. Retrieved from http://family.go.com/parenting/pkg-teen/article-767168-alternative-options-for-non-college-bound-teens-t/
Zaff, J.F., Youniss, J. & Gibson, C.M. (2009), An Inequitable Invitation to Citizenship: Non-College-Bound Youth and Civic Engagement. Philanthropy for Active Civic Engagement, 1-35. Retrieved from http://www.pacefunders.org/publications/NCBY.pdf.
"Provide beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair. May apply makeup, dress wigs, perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services". (O*NET)
The "forgotten majority" (non-college bound students) enter the workforce with few skills and inhospitable employers (Henderson, 1993).

Human Ecology educators launched an apprenticeship program in New York state (The Youth Apprenticeship Demonstration Project)
-Offered until they graduate high school, with hopes to continue to community college
-prepared for responsible, high-paying jobs
-learn keyboarding, equipment maintenance, systems management, and statistical process control.
-academic subjects: mathematics, electronics, chemistry, and physics
-placed in a variety of work settings, able to apply skills
Found: students signed up for classes they never considered, parents mentioned improved self-confidence and time management
Bureau of Labor Statistics online. (2012). United States Department of Labor. Retrieved from www.bls.gov
Henderson, Z. P. (1993). Widening doors of opportunity. Human Ecology, 21, 1.
Overview:
Qualities:
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Become one:
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Overview:
Qualities:
Become one:
Image taken from Petrides, K., McManus, I. (2004). Mapping medical careers: Questionnaire assessment of career preferences in medical school applicants and final-year students. BMC Medical Education, 4, 4-18.
Nurse shortage projected in the next 15 years
Nurses will need bachelor's degree because of more complex medical issues
Need for culturally competent care
Bring Diversity to Nursing Program (2007)
-goal to introduce nursing profession to middle school students through four week workshop
Mr. Thompson's Heart after school program to promote nursing career
-used hands-on educational activities
-modules: nursing as a career, nursing and illness, nurses and safety, nurses and health
Making Healthy Connections (Knight et al., 2011)
Knight, M., Abdallah, L., Findeisen, M., Melillo, K.D., & Dowling, J. (2011). Making healthy connections: Introducing nursing as a career choice to middle school students. Nursing Forum, 46, 3, 146-151.
Serve food. Clean tables and check customers for identification before serving them alcohol.
Some prefer High School Diploma
Formal education is not required
$8.93 hourly,

$18,570 annual
Customer and personal-service skills
Good memory
People skills
Physical stamina
Team oriented
Well-groomed and neat appearance
Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers transport goods from one location to another. Most tractor-trailer drivers are long-haul drivers and operate trucks with a capacity of at least 26,001 pounds per gross vehicle weight (GVW). They deliver goods over intercity routes, sometimes spanning several states. (BLS)
(O*NET)
(O*NET)
(O*NET)
(O*NET)
(O*NET)
(O*NET)
Working with things and data
Conventional
Working with people and data
Enterprising
Working with ideas and things
Investigative
Retail Salesperson
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Become one:
Overview:
High School Diploma

May need some additional training on the job
$10.10/hourly

$21,010/annually
Average
Qualities:
Customer service skills
People skills
Persistence
Selling skills
"Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor vehicles, appliances, or apparel to consumers". (BLS)
Receptionist
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Become one:
Overview:
High School Diploma
$12.35/hourly

$25,690/annually
Faster than average (20-28% through 2020)
Qualities:
Computer skills
Customer service skills
Listening skills
Speaking skills
"Answer inquiries and provide information to the general public, customers, visitors, and other interested parties regarding activities conducted at establishment and location of departments, offices, and employees within the organization". (BLS)
Chemical Technician
Pay:
Outlook/Growth:
Become one:
Overview:
High school diploma

Associate’s degree or training
$20.23/hourly

$42,070/annually
Slower than average
Qualities:
Analytical skills
Critical-thinking
Observation
Time-management
Writing skills
"Chemical technicians use special instruments and techniques to help chemists and chemical engineers in researching, developing, and producing chemical products and process". (BLS)
Full transcript