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The Agricultural Revolution
Transcript of The Agricultural Revolution
Goods such as clothes were made in houses under a system called domestic industry. Background to the Agricultural Revolution The open-field system The disadvantages of the open-field system. No fences or walls separating the strips of land.
Weeds spread easily.
Did not allow experimentation.
Waste of land.
Not possible to control the breeding of animals.
Diseases spread quickly amongst animals. Changes during the Agricultural Revolution Land Enclosures 1. Enclosures gave farmers the opportunity to try new farming methods.
2.Enclosures provided increased raw materials for the increased population.
3.New farming methods required more workers, so more jobs were available.
4.Poorer farmers were able to work on the new enclosed farms and earn a steady wage.
5.Farmers grew much more food to sell at markets and earned a larger profit.
6.Compact farms were easier to manage.
7. Weeds and diseases were more easily controlled in fenced-off farms and fields. From about 1700 onwards, great changes
took place in farming in Britain. These
changes are known collectively as the
Agricultural Revolution. The Agricultural Revolution Disadvantages of Land Enclosures 1. Some poorer peasants were given such small farms they had to give up farming.
2. When the common land was enclosed, labourers had nowhere to graze their animals so some left the towns altogether. Changes during the Agricultural
Revolution Cattle Breeding Robert Bakewell was the first to improve cattle breeding.
Instead of animals mating how they pleased, he selected only the biggest and healthiest.
This resulted in larger and larger animals over time.
This meant meat became more available and cheaper.