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Apartheid Research Assignment.
Transcript of Apartheid Research Assignment.
& David Swindall What is a simpler definition for Apartheid? An oligarchy that used violence to enforce racial segregation in Africa. In the apartheid era, political violence in South Africa was invariably seen in black and white. Also, physical violence was used, meaning that they raped and abused people. They also cut off peoples limbs to set examples. No, All Africans did not freely cooperate with the Apartheid, Some resisted, and were severely punished for their actions. Did all Africans cooperate with the Apartheid? The term Apartheid was introduced during the 1948 as part of the election campaign by DF Malan's Herenigde Nasionale Party (HNP – 'Reunited National Party'). But racial segregation had been in force for many decades in South Africa. In hindsight, there is something of an inevitability in the way the country developed its extreme policies. When the Union of South Africa was formed on 31 May 1910, Afrikaner Nationalists were given a relatively free hand to reorganize the country's franchise according to existing standards of the now-incorporated Boer republics, the Zuid Afrikaansche Repulick (ZAR – South African Republic or Transvaal) and Orange Free State. Non-Whites in the Cape Colony had some representation, but this would prove to be short-lived. How did the apartheid come about? For most whites, privilege was made more secure. But for most South Africans apartheid meant great hardship.The Group Areas Act affected the lives of thousands of people, in that many people were forcibly removed from their homes because they were living in mixed race areas that the government had allocated to other races, usually whites. What was the effects? Est: 1948-1990 "Apartheid FAQ: When Did Apartheid Start in SouthÂ Africa?" About.com African History. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://africanhistory.about.com/od/apartheidfaq/f/WhenStart.htm>.
"Apartheid South Africa." Cheap Flights, Car Rentals, Hotels, Cruises & Ballooning. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://www.southafrica.to/history/Apartheid/apartheid.htm>.
"Blacks (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act No 67 OfÂ 1952." About.com African History. Web. 25 Mar. 201
"Effects of Apartheid." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C002739/AfricaSite/LMSouthaffects.htm>.
"How Did the World React to the Apartheid?" WikiAnswers. Answers. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_the_world_react_to_the_apartheid>.
Smith, S.E., and Bronwyn Harris. "How Did Apartheid End?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, 05 Mar. 2012. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://www.wisegeek.com/how-did-apartheid-end.htm>.
Town, Alex Perry/Cape. "South Africa Violence: Beyond Racism." Time. Time, 30 May 2008. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1810805,00.html>.
"When Did Apartheid Take Place in South Africa?" WikiAnswers. Answers. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_did_Apartheid_take_place_in_South_Africa>.
Did the rest of the World care? For more than 40 years, people inside and outside South Africa protested against the practice of apartheid. Many Black Africans, including Nelson Mandela, were jailed for their opposition to it. The United Nations declared apartheid "A crime against humanity". Many countries cut off trade with South Africa. No, the Apartheid itself is not in the world today, but racial discrimination still exists. Aparthied ended in the late 1990s, when Nelson Mandela was realeased from prison and then ran for Africa's President and was democratically elected. Hence forth, he decided that the Apartheid was wrong, and abolished it, and the rules that go with it. Does the Apartheid still exist in the world today? Did they pass laws? The Blacks (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act No 67 of 1952 (commenced 11 July) repealed early laws, which differed from province to province, relating to the carrying of passes by Black male workers (e.g. the Native Labour Regulation Act of 1911) and instead required all black persons over the age of 16 in all provinces to carry a 'reference book' at all times. They were required by law to produce the book when requested by any member of the police or by an administrative official. The 'pass' included a photograph, carried details of place of origin, employment record, tax payments, and encounters with the police. A combination of factors contributed to the end of apartheid in South Africa. Many people point to the end of the apartheid as an illustration of what can happen when people from numerous governments and cultural backgrounds get together to oppose something, whether it be institutionalized racism or war.There was also a lot of external pressure, especially from Western nations, some of whom had extensive civil rights legislation. As the power of the Soviet Union began to decline, Western nations felt that apartheid could no longer be tolerated, and they began to actively speak out against it. South Africa also experienced immense economic pressure to end apartheid. Banks and investment firms withdrew from South Africa, indicating that they would not invest in the country until its institutionalized racism came to an end. Many churches also applied pressure. How did Apartheid end? Whole communities were transported by the police to new areas far away from their old homes, which were often bulldozed to the ground. In rural areas any blacks who farmed in white areas were removed, to reduce the competition to white farmers. This had a profound impact on traditional society, which was often based on land ownership and the possession of cattle.
Families were broken down by the Pass laws, which made it impossible for a man to bring his family with him when he went to work in town. Men lived in hotels in the townships, while their families stayed at home in poverty in the rural areas. Because poverty was so widespread, most young men weren't even able to pay a bride price.South Africa was a liberated and equal nation.