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World War II
Transcript of World War II
By: Mr. E.
Things are getting
Government control of everything
(economy, culture, and livelihood)
Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo hoped to figuratively take the wind out of the United States' sails...
The Playing Field Shifts
More Problems for Germany
Germany broke its agreement with Russia by attacking them, so Russia fully joined the Allies and began to gain ground on their home turf since the Germans were unprepared for frigid temperatures.
What's going on over there?
Like the majority of the world, Europe and Asia are in an economic depression. In the mid 1930s, the wrong type of leaders in
began to attack and capture surrounding countries. This was a violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Allies,
, warned the dictators to stop. They did not, so the second Great War began in September of 1939.
The United States
, isolationist, stayed out of the fight and only sent war supplies to aid the Allies.
December 7, 1941
A date which will live in infamy...
While the war continues...
How the war was won...
The Allies needed a quick response to answer the early victories of Germany in most of Europe and North Africa. Meanwhile, Japan controlled much of the Pacific, including the Philippines.
, rulers with total control, come to power.
The Allies were taking a beating until...
Japanese airplanes surprised the U.S. Naval Base by attacking and destroying most of the ships housed there.
The next day, U.S. Congress declared war on Japan.
They awoke a sleeping giant.
P.S. A giant with 15,000,000 soldiers, 320,000 airplanes, new technologically enhanced weaponry, and secret nuclear capabilities...yeah...massive mistake...
What's up with Russia?
Secret Alliances might not be a good idea.
Factories had to hire workers to produce the war supplies. Women and African Americans filled that need!
Americans back home also made sacrifices. Through rationing their usage of goods and collecting materials to help produce more war supplies.
The United States joined the fighting in North Africa where many great tank battles took place in the Sahara Desert. After driving the Axis Powers out, Allied forces attacked Italy and drove the Germans further inland.
The Tuskegee Airmen
U.S. Tank @ North Africa
This group of African American pilots flew many successful missions over Italy.
A Graveyard of War Machines
Relics can still be found in the Sahara Desert.
The most significant blow came on
June 6, 1944
. This important date is known as D-day, and on that day 200,000 allied soldiers stormed the beaches of northern France.
The view is both beautiful and horrific.
With the Allies on one side and Russia on the other, Germany is forced to lay down their arms.
May 8, 1945
, Germany surrendered. This day is known as V-E Day (Victory in Europe).
What about Japan?
Rewind...throughout the ordeal with Germany, there was a separate battle raging in the Pacific. In 1942, the U.S., led by Admiral Chester Nimitz, won the Battle of Midway pushing Japan back towards their own country. However, there were many islands around Japan still in enemy control. The United States began island hopping and captured islands uncontrolled by Japanese forces. Eventually, the Japanese Navy was bested by the United States forces, forcing them to retreat mainland.
Japan, however, did not surrender.
With F.D.R. dead, President Harry S. Truman is faced with a dreadful choice: invade mainland Japan and risk millions of lives, or drop atomic bombs with the potential to destroy an entire city with one awful explosion.
In August of 1945, two bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killing hundreds of thousands.
Japan surrendered on
August 14, 1945
a.k.a. V-J Day (Victory in Japan).
Although the war was over and people were happy, the ending was sad nonetheless.
Hundreds of Thousands of soldiers and civilians were killed.
Cities across Europe and Asia lay in ruins.
Many European civilians had no homes, no food, and no jobs.
There was something worse than those.
The Holocaust...the worst horror of the war. In an attempt to rid the world of the Jewish race, Hitler set up concentration camps. Awful stuff took place in these camps, and millions of innocent people were slaughtered for no reason other than their heritage. It's difficult to comprehend.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
George S. Patton
Millions of Soldiers
Willing to Die for their Country